Navigation Links
News from the November 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

November is American Diabetes Month and the Journal of the American Dietetic Association takes a closer look at how family income can have an affect on a child's risk for the disease. Other studies in the issue take a closer look at children's health including the effect that counseling and increased physical activity have on children's obesity.

Diabetes Risk Higher among Children in Low-Income Families

Children living in poverty have high levels of diabetes risk factors and need early detection and intervention programs, according to researchers at the University of Texas at San Antonio and Texas A&M University, San Antonio.

A study of 1,402 fourth grade students ages 8-10 years old in Texas aimed to determine the prevalence of high blood glucose, obesity, low fitness and energy insufficiency levels among children from poor families. Nearly 75 percent of the participants lived in households with less than $20,400 annual income. The racial/ethnic backgrounds of the students were 80 percent Mexican-American, 10 percent African-American, 5 percent Asian-American and 5 percent non-Hispanic white.

The study found that 44 percent of the students were energy insufficient, 33 percent were obese and 7 percent had high blood glucose levels. Most of these students had marginal to unacceptable fitness levels and ate high energy-dense and low nutrient-dense foods.

The researchers concluded: "Our results elucidate the high levels of diabetes risk among children from poor South Texas families. Unless we invest in early age interventions and quantify the results, diabetes morbidity and health care cost will remain uncontrolled."

Heart Failure Risk Higher in High-Fat Dairy and Egg Eaters; Lower in Whole Grain Eaters

People with high whole-grain intake have a lower risk of heart failure than those who eat more high-fat dairy and eggs, according to researchers from the University of Minnesota, the University of North Carolina and the University of Texas Health Sciences Center.

A 13-year study of 14,153 African-American and white adults 45-64 years old from four U.S. communities investigated the relationships between heart failure incidents (death or hospitalization) and intake of seven food categories (whole grains, fruits/vegetables, fish, nuts, high-fat dairy, egg and red meat). During that time, 1,140 heart failure hospitalizations occurred. After adjusting for variables such as energy intake, demographics, lifestyle factors, prevalent cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hypertension, it was determined that participants with greater whole-grain intake had lower risk for heart failure than those who consumed more eggs and high-fat dairy.

The researchers concluded: "It would be prudent to recommend that those at high risk of heart failure increase their intake of whole grains and reduce intake of high-fat dairy foods and eggs, along with following other healthful dietary practices."

Research studies featured in the November 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association include:

  • Cognitive, Behavioral and Social Factors are Associated with Bias in 9-11 Year Old Schoolchildren's Dietary Questionnaire Self Reports
  • Providing Obesity Prevention Counseling to Children During a Primary Care Clinic Visit: Results From a Pilot Study
  • Grains Are Similarly Categorized by 8-13 Year Old Children
  • Improving Nutrition and Physical Activity in Child Care: What Parents Recommend
  • Black Children With High Preferences for Fruits and Vegetables are at Less Risk of Being at Risk of Overweight or Overweight


Contact: Jennifer Starkey
American Dietetic Association

Related biology news :

1. November GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY Media Highlights
2. Highlights from the November 2007 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
3. Media highlights in the November issues of Biophysical Journal
4. First IEEE-USA Innovation Forum coming to Washington area in November
5. Yale journal finds nanomaterials may have large environmental footprint
6. AGU journal highlights -- Oct. 16, 2008
7. Closing the gap: Journal launch brings together wound-healing knowledge
8. A new journal where molecular biology meets clinical research
9. Audience Selected as Silver Winner in This Years Wall Street Journal Technology Innovation Awards and Winner of the Semiconductors Category
10. News from the October 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
11. SAGE-Hindawi launch Journal of Dental Biomechanics
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/18/2015)... PHILADELPHIA , Nov. 18, 2015  As new ... in children, doctors and other healthcare providers face challenges ... counsel families and patients. In addition, as more children ... into a patient,s adulthood and old age. ... The Children,s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) . ...
(Date:11/17/2015)... , Nov. 17, 2015  Vigilant Solutions announces ... joined its Board of Directors. --> ... after recently retiring from the partnership at TPG Capital, ... companies with over $140 Billion in revenue.  He founded ... across all the TPG companies, from 1997 to 2013.  ...
(Date:11/12/2015)... , Nov. 12, 2015  Arxspan has entered ... MIT and Harvard for use of its ArxLab ... management tools. The partnership will support the institute,s ... and chemical research information internally and with external ... used for managing the Institute,s electronic laboratory notebook, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... N.Y. , Nov. 30, 2015  Culprits ... by assistant chemistry professor Jan Halámek, is taking ...   --> ...   --> ... at UAlbany have discovered a straightforward concept for ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Md. , Nov. 30, 2015 ... development company committed to the fostering and monetization ... the current and prospective initiatives designed to create ... Chief Executive Officer of Spherix. "Based on published ... future licensees exceeds $50 billion and Spherix will ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... DIEGO , Nov. 30, 2015 Human ... that the company has acquired Cypher Genomics, Inc., a ... robust human genomic interpretation software solutions. The ... will join HLI including Cypher CEO and Co-founder, Ashley ... of HLI,s Pediatric Business.  Financial details of the deal ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015  Aytu BioScience, Inc. (OTCQB: AYTU), ... related conditions, will present at two upcoming investor conferences. ... interactive real-time virtual conference, to be held December 3, ... to be held December 2 nd & 3 ... and streamed live via webcast. Josh ...
Breaking Biology Technology: