Both intravenous and tube feeding have been common practices in ICUs for decades. However, there is little evidence to show how effective they are. In this trial of patients with acute lung injury, one set of patients received more than 75 percent of their nutrition needs through intravenous feeding and adequate oral diet (known as "intensive medical nutrition therapy,") while another set received standard nutrition care. The trial found that patients who received intensive therapy had a higher mortality rate than those who received standard care. In fact, the trial was stopped early due to higher mortality rates. Further analysis is needed to account for this difference.
ERASEnhanced Recovery After Surgery: Moving Evidence-Based Perioperative Care to Practice
Published online before print February 24, 2014: http://pen.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/02/19/0148607114523451.abstract
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a term often used to describe care programs given before, during, and after surgery that have been shown to improve outcomes after major surgery. This article gives a brief history of the development from fast-track surgery to ERAS.
Vitamin D Status and Severity of Clostridium difficile Infections: A Prospective Cohort Study in Hospitalized Adults
Published online before print January 9, 2014: http://pen.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/01/08/0148607113519129.abstract
Clostridium difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial diarrhea, affecting up to 10 percent of hospitalized patients. This study looked at suggested conn
|Contact: Troy Petenbrink|
American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.)