Navigation Links
New window opens on the secret life of microbes
Date:3/13/2008

Nowhere is the principle of "strength in numbers" more apparent than in the collective power of microbes: despite their simplicity, these one-cell organisms -- which number about 5 million trillion trillion strong (no, that is not a typo) on Earth -- affect virtually every ecological process, from the decay of organic material to the production of oxygen.

But even though microbes essentially rule the Earth, scientists have never before been able to conduct comprehensive studies of microbes and their interactions with one another in their natural habitats. Now, a new study -- funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and described in the March 12, 2008 online issue of Nature -- provides the first inventories of microbial capabilities in nine very different types of ecosystems, ranging from coral reefs to deep mines.

"These new microbial inventories provide a new and important window into ecosystems and how they respond to stresses, such as pesticide runoff and invasive species," said Lita Proctor, an NSF program director.

Rather than identifying the kinds of microbes that live in each ecosystem, the study catalogued each ecosystem's microbial "know-how," captured in its DNA, for conducting metabolic processes, such as respiration, photosynthesis and cell division. These microbial catalogues are more distinctive than the identities of resident microbes. "Now microbes can be studied by what they can do not who they are," said Proctor.

This microbial study employed the principles of metagenomics, a powerful new method of analysis that characterizes the DNA content of entire communities of organisms rather than individual species. One of the main advantages of metagenomics is that it enables scientists to study microbes -- most of which cannot be grown in the laboratory -- in their natural habitats.

Specifically, the microbial study produced the following results:

A unique, identifying microbial fi
'/>"/>

Contact: Lily Whiteman
lwhitema@nsf.gov
703-292-8310
National Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Biogeochemistry -- A window into the Earths ecological health
2. Futronic Announces Microsoft Vista and Windows 2008 Server Support for Its Fingerprint Logon Software
3. A study by the MUHC and McGill University opens a new door to understanding cancer
4. Same gene protects from 1 disease, opens door to another
5. IdentiPHI Opens Paris Office to Boost European Sales and Support
6. Cold treatment opens doors for citrus exports to Japan
7. Truck-safe bamboo bridge opens in China
8. Profound immune system discovery opens door to halting destruction of lupus
9. Electronic switch opens doors in rheumatoid joints
10. Experimental Biology and Medicine announces expansion into Asia, opens new office
11. Scientists discover important beauty secret for balanced skin color and tone
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New window opens on the secret life of microbes
(Date:6/24/2015)... Calif. , June 24, 2015  Synaptics ... of human interface solutions, today announced that Sharp ... to provide secure authentication for its latest flagship ... reached more than 200 million shipments of its ... Sharp reinforces Synaptics, strength, scalability and leadership in ...
(Date:6/24/2015)... 2015 Biometry authentication provider KeyLemon today ... solution one face in. Logo ... face in, entering the expanding biometric authentication market ... biometric answer to the password problem. With advanced ... with KeyLemon, one face in allows users to ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... 2015 Research and ... the "Body-Worn Temperature Sensors Market - Global ... 2014 - 2020" report to their offering. ... the global body-worn temperature sensors market. The global ... the basis of types, care setting, patient demographic, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics Brings Natural ID Technology to Sharp's Newest Flagship Smartphone 2KeyLemon Announces Partnership With Biometric Password Solution onefacein 2Body-Worn Temperature Sensors Market - Global Industry Analysis 2
... especially if they,ve been sneaking The highly ... breeding behavior, where non-parents contribute to rearing the offspring ... assumed that male subordinates never gained paternity in the ... online journal PLoS ONE , reveals that some ...
... electoral victory or defeat is influenced by his or ... Stanford University studies of the most recent presidential and ... looking at whether candidates, statements on climate change translated ... and of political science at Stanford, who led two ...
... scientists have received National Science Foundation (NSF) funding to ... understand the behavior of entire ecosystems, part of the ... climate and land-use change. Professor William McDowell ... (NREN) and assistant professor Wilfred Wollheim of NREN and ...
Cached Biology News:Stanford researchers examine impact of 'green politics' on recent national elections 2Stanford researchers examine impact of 'green politics' on recent national elections 3UNH researchers receive NSF grant to 'scale up' stream ecology 2UNH researchers receive NSF grant to 'scale up' stream ecology 3
(Date:7/29/2015)... 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna Zentaris Inc. (NASDAQ: AEZS ... an optimized Erk inhibitor molecule for development, thus ... a new class of potential cancer therapies. ... target for therapeutic intervention in cancer. Recently approved ... for B-Raf and Mek inhibitors. Erk inhibitors may ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... San Bruno, CA. (PRWEB) , ... July 29, ... ... partnership agreement with PRC Clinical, a Silicon Valley-based CRO specializing in ... FDA advisory services, and patient recruitment services. The core expertise of PRC Clinical ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... ... July 29, 2015 , ... Costello served as Lead Levee Design ... protect the Orange County, Texas area from future storm surge flooding, such as occurred ... several potential levee alignment alternatives for providing protection, Costello also balanced socio-economic and ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2015 , ... ... says the company is making good progress in evaluating the full range of ... tissue stem cells. Adult tissue stem cells perform the day-to-day renewal and repair ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Aeterna Zentaris Announces Optimized Erk Inhibitor Compounds For Further Development 2Aeterna Zentaris Announces Optimized Erk Inhibitor Compounds For Further Development 3CSSi LifeSciences And PRC Clinical Join Forces To Offer Extended Clinical Trial Services 2CSSi LifeSciences And PRC Clinical Join Forces To Offer Extended Clinical Trial Services 3Preventing Storm Surge Flooding in Houston 2Asymmetrex Plans to Report Results From Adult Stem Cell Technology Development Milestone Studies At End of Summer 2Asymmetrex Plans to Report Results From Adult Stem Cell Technology Development Milestone Studies At End of Summer 3Asymmetrex Plans to Report Results From Adult Stem Cell Technology Development Milestone Studies At End of Summer 4
... NORCROSS, Ga., Aug. 18 Immucor, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... the blood transfusion industry, today announced that its board of directors ... its current stock repurchase program. , , ... million shares available for repurchase. To date in its first fiscal ...
... NEW YORK, Aug. 18 /PRNewswire-Asia-FirstCall/ ... ("the Company" or "AOBO"), a pharmaceutical,company dedicated to improving ... range of prescription and over the counter ("OTC"),products in ... Jinji,Capsules and Boke Nasal Spray, were awarded the designation ...
... ISELIN, N.J., Aug. 18 SyntheMed, Inc. ... the development and commercialization of anti-adhesion products, announced today ... the reduction of adhesions following cardiac surgery, has received ... Federation for use in all patients who undergo open ...
Cached Biology Technology:Immucor Announces 2 Million Share Increase to Stock Repurchase Program 2American Oriental Bioengineering's 'Jinji Capsules' and 'Boke Nasal Spray' Designated Among 'China's Top Branded Drugs of 2009' 2American Oriental Bioengineering's 'Jinji Capsules' and 'Boke Nasal Spray' Designated Among 'China's Top Branded Drugs of 2009' 3SyntheMed Receives Russian Regulatory Approval for REPEL-CV(TM) 2
poliovirus receptor-related 2 (herpesvirus entry mediator B), mRNA...
... The system consists ... (Cat. No. 17001-082) and ... 17002-080). It is complete ... promoting agents, and requires ...
Immunogen: Recombinant full length protein, corresponding to amino acids 1-435 of Human AP2M1. Storage: -20 C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles...
... to Parathyroid Hormone Receptor 2 ( ... Antigen: Synthetic ... acids 99-116 of Human Parathyroid Hormone ... Gene ID: 5746 ...
Biology Products: