Navigation Links
New understanding of how to prevent destruction of a tumor suppressor
Date:12/7/2009

INDIANAPOLIS Researchers from the Indiana University School of Medicine and colleagues at the University of Texas Southwestern and Case Western University have determined how the protein Mdm2, which is elevated in late-stage cancers, disables genes that suppress the growth of tumors. The finding may lead to the development of new drugs for late stage breast cancer and other difficult to treat malignancies.

The investigators have identified a critical pathway that stimulates the production of Mdm2 causing an increase in the level of protein that bind to p53, the most common tumor suppressor, as well as other tumor suppressors, and extinguishes tumor suppression activity. The study appears in the January 2010 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Principal investigator Lindsey Mayo, Ph.D., assistant professor of pediatrics at the Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research at the IU School of Medicine and an Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center member, says that keeping Mdm2 inactive and preventing the destruction of the tumor suppressor that Mdm2 targets, is critical to preventing cancer from spreading within the body.

To explain the role of Mdm2 and how the newly identified pathways function, Dr. Mayo uses the analogy of a florescent ceiling fixture in which Mdm2 is the fluorescent bulb. "Initially, it was only known that the light was on, not how it was turned on. We discovered the wall switch and wires that connect to the light fixture to turn on the fluorescent light."

"This work provides new evidence about an important mechanism that tumor cells use to promote metastasis. While it has long been known that the loss of tumor suppressor activity triggers cancer, knowledge of how these cancer inhibitors are turned on and off has eluded researchers. Understanding the signaling pathways that elevate Mdm2 is critical to preventing cancer from spreading within the body and key to attacking many late stage cancers," said Dr. Mayo, a molecular biochemist who studies the mechanisms that control tumor suppressors.

While it is too early to speculate on which chemical compounds may yield successful drugs, Dr. Mayo says this new insight into Mdm2 and its pathways provides a useful roadmap to stimulate development of new compounds which could bind to Mdm2 to inhibit the protein and stop its attacks on tumor suppressors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-274-7722
Indiana University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Scientists gain new understanding of disease-causing bacteria
2. New understanding about mechanism for cell death after stroke leads to possible therapy
3. Petascale computational tools could revolutionize understanding of genomic evolution
4. On your last nerve: NC State researchers advance understanding of stem cells
5. Understanding a cells split personality aids synthetic circuits
6. East African cichlid fish offer new understanding of genetic basis of sex determination
7. How the 100th protein structure solved at Diamond impacts our understanding of how insects smell
8. Comprehensive understanding of bacteria could lead to new insights into many organisms
9. UNC study: Color-coded chart improves parents understanding of body mass index
10. Understanding how weeds are resistant to herbicides
11. Advance in understanding cellulose synthesis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New understanding of how to prevent destruction of a tumor suppressor
(Date:2/1/2016)... , Feb. 1, 2016  Today, the first day ... announced plans to develop a first of its kind ... of IBM Watson. In the first application of ... (NYSE: IBM ), and Welltok will create a ... assessments with cognitive analytics, delivered on Welltok,s health optimization ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ) today ... (JFK) International Airport, New York City , to ... attempting to enter the United States using ... pilot testing of the system at Dulles last year. ... JFK during January 2016. --> pilot testing of ...
(Date:1/21/2016)... , January 21, 2016 ... a new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition ... Software Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and Others), ... Global forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... to reach USD 22.65 Billion by 2020, at ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016  The Maryland House of Delegates and House ... University of Maryland School of Medicine Dean E. ... Maryland Medical System President and CEO Robert Chrencik ... highest honor given to the public by the leader ... Reece and Mr. Chrencik for their contributions to ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... New York, New York (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: REGN) today announced that it has joined the ... vaccines and immunotherapies for infectious diseases and cancer. , The Human ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016  Matchbook, Inc., ... for fast growing biotech companies, announced today the ... Procurement Strategic Advisor. Jim brings nearly 25 years ... and procurement, having spent nearly two decades in ... Chain/Logistics and Procurement at Genzyme and, most recently ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... LATHAM, NEW YORK... Marktech Optoelectronics ... West conference in San Francisco’s Moscone Center from February 16-18, 2016, and at ... , These latest InGaAs PIN diode standard packages feature a TO-46 metal can with ...
Breaking Biology Technology: