Navigation Links
New technique could dramatically lower costs of DNA sequencing
Date:12/12/2007

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Using computer simulations, researchers at the University of Illinois have demonstrated a strategy for sequencing DNA by driving the molecule back and forth through a nanopore capacitor in a semiconductor chip. The technique could lead to a device that would read human genomes quickly and affordably.

Being able to sequence a human genome for $1,000 or less (which is the price most insurance companies are willing to pay) could open a new era in personal medicine, making it possible to precisely diagnose the cause of many diseases and tailor drugs and treatment procedures to the genetic make-up of an individual.

Despite the tremendous interest in using nanopores for sequencing DNA, it was unclear how, exactly, nanopores could be used to read the DNA sequence, said U. of I. physics professor Aleksei Aksimentiev. We now describe one such method.

Aksimentiev and collaborators describe the method in a paper accepted for publication in the journal Nano Letters, and posted on the journals Web site.

Through molecular dynamics simulations, we demonstrate that back-and-forth motion of a DNA molecule in a nanopore capacitor 1 nanometer in diameter produces an electrostatic fingerprint that can be used to read the genetic sequence, said Aksimentiev, who also is a researcher at the Beckman Institute.

In the researchers simulations, performed at the universitys National Center for Supercomputing Applications, the nanopore capacitor consists of two conducting layers of doped silicon, separated by an insulating layer of silicon dioxide.

As DNA passes through the nanopore, the molecules electric field induces sequence-specific electrostatic potentials that can be detected at the top and bottom layers of the capacitor membrane.

A semiconductor device capable of reading the electrostatic potentials and decoding the genetic sequence is within the grasp of current technology, Aksimentiev said.

Nanometer pores in electronic membranes have been manufactured, and the voltage signals resulting from DNA movement through such pores have been recorded. The next big challenge, Aksimentiev said, is to minimize noise in the system, and reduce the speed of DNA molecules moving through the pore.


'/>"/>

Contact: James E. Kloeppel
kloeppel@uiuc.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New technique can be breakthrough for early cancer diagnosis
2. University of Leicester scientists discover technique to help friendly bacteria
3. New technique reveals subtle force-induced changes in biomolecules conformation
4. New magnetic separation technique might detect multiple pathogens at once
5. New technique captures chemical reactions in a single living cell at unprecedented resolution
6. Software Techniques Inc. Selects M2SYS Fingerprint Software to Meet Continuous Growth and Demand for Desktop Biometric Time & Attendance Solutions
7. New X-ray technique targets terrorists and tumors
8. Technique controls nanoparticle size, makes large numbers
9. Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research
10. Obesity and lack of exercise could enhance the risk of pancreatic cancer
11. Finding that 1-in-a-billion that could lead to disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2017)... TOKYO , Feb. 1, 2017  Central ... innovative and meaningful advances worldwide, The Japan Prize ... Japan Prize, who have pushed the envelope in ... Information and Communication. Three scientists are being recognized ... outstanding achievements that not only contribute to the ...
(Date:1/26/2017)... Jan. 26, 2017  Acuity Market Intelligence today ... and Digital Identity".  Acuity characterizes 2017 as a ... increased adoption reflects a new understanding of the ... "Biometrics and digital identity are often perceived as ... Most , Principal of Acuity Market intelligence. "However, ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... voice recognition biometrics market to grow at a CAGR of 19.36% ... present scenario and the growth prospects of the global voice recognition ... considers the revenue generated from the sales of voice recognition biometrics ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017  MIODx announced ... for two key immunotherapy technologies from the University ... provides a method to monitor a patient for ... PD-L1 and CTLA-4.  The second license extends the ... patient is likely to have an immune-related adverse ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  Seattle,s upscale Capitol Hill neighborhood, with its ... place for a head lice treatment salon to set up ... Tuscan restaurant and a French bistro on E Madison Ave, ... aren,t just any old lice clinic, we pride ourselves on ... and release some of the stigma associated with lice. Everyone ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... de novo clearance to begin marketing the SPEAC® System, the Brain Sentinel® Seizure ... at home or in healthcare facilities during periods of rest. A lightweight, non-invasive ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... annual Inventors Recognition Reception at Purdue Research Park of West Lafayette, ... in recognition of outstanding contributions to, and success with, commercializing discoveries from Purdue ...
Breaking Biology Technology: