Navigation Links
New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments
Date:7/10/2009

They've been dubbed "grassoline" second generation biofuels made from inedible plant material, including fast-growing weeds, agricultural waste, sawdust, etc. and numerous scientific studies have shown them to be prime candidates for replacing gasoline to meet our transportation needs. However, before we can begin to roll down the highways on sustainable, carbon-neutral grassoline, numerous barriers must be overcome, starting with finding ways to break lignocellulosic biomass down into fermentable sugars.

The use of ionic liquids - salts that are liquids rather than crystals at room temperature to dissolve lignocellulose and later help hydrolyze the resulting liquor into sugars, shows promise as a way of pre-treating biomass for a more efficient conversion into fuels. However, the best ionic liquids in terms of effectiveness are also prohibitively expensive for use on a mass scale. Furthermore, scientists know little beyond the fact that ionic liquids do work. Understanding how ionic liquids are able to dissolve lignocellulosic biomass should pave the way for finding new and better varieties for use in biofuels.

A new technique that is providing some much needed answers has been developed by researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), a U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Center led by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). Based on the natural auto-fluorescence of plant cell walls, this technique enables researchers for the first time to dynamically track solubilization during an ionic liquid pretreatment of a biomass sample, and to accurately and quickly assess the liquid's performance without the need of labor-intensive and time-consuming chemical and immunological labeling.

"Working with switchgrass and using the ionic liquid known as EmimAc (1-n-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate), which is currently the most effective in terms of pre-treating biomass, we observed a rapid swelling of the
'/>"/>

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. New MRI technique could mean fewer breast biopsies in high-risk women
2. Can a new implant coating technique create a new six million dollar man?
3. Ovarian transplantation: First baby is born after a new technique
4. Ovarian transplantation: New technique gives greatly improved results in this delicate operation
5. Colon cancer screening technique shows continued promise in new study
6. Beating heart machine expedites research and development of new surgical tools, techniques
7. New genomic technique uncovers coral transcriptome
8. Lyncean Technologies Inc. receives $1.2 M from NCRR to develop new imaging technique
9. Indigenous peoples at world summit to share climate change observations, coping techniques
10. New high-throughput screening technique makes probing puzzling proteins possible
11. New technique used to profile anthrax genome
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments
(Date:10/18/2014)... Berlin, 19th October 2014 Psychological stress and stress-related ... for aging-related diseases, but the molecular mechanisms ... mechanisms may contribute to the development of ... treatments for these devastating diseases. This work ... Neuropsychopharmacology congress in Berlin., Now an international ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... of Copenhagen have shown for the first time how ... fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous ... , The study also discovered the bacterial growth in ... halted or slowed down by the immune cells. The ... and helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing the bacteria to ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... how the bowel lining develops and, in the process, ... , The researchers produced evidence that stem cells are ... a feature of the bowel lining, and believe these ... controversial finding as scientists are still divided on the ... Chin Wee Tan and Professor Tony Burgess from the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Researchers find why depression and aging linked to increased disease risk 2Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2Cryptic clues drive new theory of bowel cancer development 2
... Plant Science Center (PSC) have clarified a key epigenetic ... Arabidopsis protects cells from harmful DNA elements. Published in ... Genetics , the finding contributes to advancing our understanding ... plants and animals, opening the door to applications in ...
... Professor Cyrus Cooper, Professor of Rheumatology and Director ... has been awarded the Heberden Medal of the British ... Musculoskeletal Research Programme at the University of Southampton for ... 2003. His research programme has focused on ...
... WASHINGTONA bill in Oregon that would provide incentives to deliver ... the state,s residents and, at the same time, create hundreds ... according to a study released by Upstream Public Health in ... Health Impact Project, a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson ...
Cached Biology News:Discovery of DNA silencing mechanism reveals how plants protect their genome 2Oregon Farm to School bill would benefit health through job creation, study finds 2Oregon Farm to School bill would benefit health through job creation, study finds 3
(Date:10/20/2014)... Richardson, Texas (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 ... today announced that a team from Iowa State University ... * design contest. Using a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s ... than 14 times faster than the second place finisher. ... academic world embarked upon the month long challenge, using ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... Oct. 20, 2014  GenVec, Inc. (NASDAQ: GNVC ... , Ph.D., from its board of directors effective on October ... 2003, and served as its chairman from June 2006 to ... Nominating and Corporate Governance and Audit Committees of the board.  ... a decade of dedicated service to GenVec, and its stockholders," ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 2014 Local veterinary surgeon, Dr. Tim ... study of donor stem cells for dogs with osteoarthritis. ... and has performed clinical stem cell therapy for 7 ... determine if a single injection of donor stem cells ... reduce pain and inflammation in the treated joints. ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market report defines ... analysis and forecast of revenue. , Browse through ... report, to get an idea of the in-depth ... the segmentation in the Asia-Pacific bromine market, and ... , http://www.micromarketmonitor.com/market/asia-pacific-bromine-6741503144.html , Bromine is a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3Zola P. Horovitz To Retire From GenVec Board 2Cascade Veterinary Referral Center Seeks Candidates for an Investigational Study of Stem Cells for Dogs with Arthritis 2The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3
... (OTC Bulletin Board: BNET) announced that notification was received,today ... System" has been granted by the Commonwealth of Australia,Patent ... The,official filing date is approved as November 8, 2001 ... date of November 8, 2021., This patent now ...
... N.J., Sept. 25 Osteotech, Inc.,(Nasdaq: OSTE ), ... for,regenerative medicine, announced today the appointment of Cato T.,Laurencin, ... joined the,Board of Directors effective September 24, 2008 and ... of the Board of Directors., Kenneth P. Fallon, ...
... Vanda,Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: VNDA ), a ... of clinical-stage product candidates,for central nervous system ... of Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the "Company") declared ... Right (a "Right") on each,outstanding share of ...
Cached Biology Technology:Bion Announces Approval of New Australian Patent for Low Oxygen Organic Waste Bioconversion for Livestock Waste Environmental Treatment 2Cato T. Laurencin, M.D., Ph.D. to Join Osteotech Board of Directors 2Vanda Pharmaceuticals Declares Dividend Distribution of Preferred Stock Purchase Rights 2Vanda Pharmaceuticals Declares Dividend Distribution of Preferred Stock Purchase Rights 3
... positive control for ChIP assays. Efficient fixation ... is a crucial step for the Chromatin-immunoprecipitation ... probably the most important parameter. Two major ... be taken into account: first, an excess ...
Mouse monoclonal [M2II-12] to MRP2 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 1244 SwissProtID: Q92887...
The Programmable MP-5000P-F Power Supply can be applied for any Microfluidic application....
Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor beta...
Biology Products: