Navigation Links
New study shows promise in using RNA nanotechnology to treat cancers and viral infections
Date:9/4/2012

LEXINGTON, Ky. (Sept. 4, 2012) A new study by University of Kentucky researchers shows promise for developing ultrastable RNA nanoparticles that may help treat cancer and viral infections by regulating cell function and binding to cancers without harming surrounding tissue.

The study, published in Nano Today, was carried out in the laboratory of Peixuan Guo, the William S. Farish Endowed Chair in Nanobiotechnology at the UK Markey Cancer Center, in collaboration with Dr. Mark Evers, director of the UK Markey Cancer Center.

The study uses RNA (ribonucleic acid) as a building block for the bottom-up fabrication of nanostructures. Using the RNA nanotechnology pioneered by Guo, the researchers constructed ultrastable X-shaped RNA nanoparticles using re-engineered RNA fragments to carry up to four therapeutic and diagnostic modules. Their RNA nanoparticles can include small interfering RNA for silencing genes, micro-RNA for regulating gene expression, aptamer for targeting cancer cells, or a ribozyme that can catalyze chemical reactions.

The study demonstrated that regulation of cellular functions progressively increased with the increasing number of functional modules in the nanoparticle.

"RNA nanotechnology is an emerging field, but the instability and degradation of RNA nanoparticles have made many scientists flinch away from the research in RNA nanotechnology," Guo said. "We have addressed these issues, and now it is possible to produce RNA nanoparticles that are highly stable both chemically and thermodynamically in the test tube or in the body with great potential as therapeutic reagents."

The RNA nanoparticles displayed several favorable attributes: polyvalent nature, which allows simultaneous delivery of multiple functional molecules for achieving synergistic effects; modular design, which enables controlled self-assembly with defined structure; thermodynamically stable, which keeps the RNA nanoparticles intact in animal and human circulation systems, where they exist at very low concentrations; and chemically stable, which makes the nanoparticles resistant to RNase (an enzyme, which cleaves RNA) digestion in the blood serum.

"A major problem with cancer treatments is the ability to more directly and specifically deliver anti-cancer drugs to cancer metastases," Evers said. "Using the nanotechnology approach that Peixuan Guo and his group have devised may allow us to more effectively treat cancer metastasis with fewer side effects compared to current chemotherapy."


'/>"/>
Contact: Allison Perry
allison.perry@uky.edu
859-323-2399
University of Kentucky
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Study identifies prime source of ocean methane
2. New Nature study illuminates 55 million years of the carbon cycle and climate history
3. GW professor receives grant to study the role of genes in drug addiction
4. Study shows hope of greater global food output, less environmental impact of agriculture
5. Controlling gait of horses may be possible, says key study from Texas A&M
6. New study evaluates noninvasive technology to determine heart disease
7. Zebrafish study explains why the circadian rhythm affects your health
8. University of Tennessee Team receives NSF support to study toxic water in China
9. Imaging study sheds new light on alcohol-related birth defects
10. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers study the structure of drug resistance in tuberculosis
11. Study shows long-term effects of radiation in pediatric cancer patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New study shows promise in using RNA nanotechnology to treat cancers and viral infections
(Date:3/1/2017)...  Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE), a leading supplier of ... Moberg has resigned, effective March 3, 2017, as ... and Treasurer of Aware citing a desire to retire.  ... of the Board of Directors of Aware. ... and co-President, General Counsel has been named Chief Executive ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... 25, 2017  Securus Technologies, a leading provider ... public safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, announces the ... "Too often, too many offenders return ... jails are trying to tackle this ongoing problem ... and family members. While significant steps are underway, Securus ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... 16, 2017  Genos, a community for personal ... has received Laboratory Accreditation from the College of ... to laboratories that meet stringent requirements around quality, ... processes. "Genos is committed to maintaining ... We,re honored to be receiving CAP accreditation," said ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... 22, 2017 Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: REGN), today ... (RGC), U.K. Biobank and GSK to generate genetic sequence data ... The initiative will enable researchers to gain valuable insights to ... wide range of serious and life threatening diseases. ... Genetic evidence ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Denmark , March 22, 2017  Ascendis ... utilizes its innovative TransCon technology to address significant ... financial results for the full year ended December ... significant year for our company as we broadened ... a leading, integrated rare disease company with an ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 22, 2017 Good Start Genetics, a leading ... the 130 million covered lives mark through its most ... Texas . With newly signed contracts nationally ... enjoy strong payor acceptance based on the quality of ... genetic counseling, its industry-leading customer care and support and ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... LEXINGTON, Mass. , March 22, 2017   ... collections, today announced that Doctors Pathology Service ... mid-Atlantic region of the United States ... the Delaware Health Information Network (DHIN) to ... researchers. The novel program, announced in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: