Navigation Links
New study 'pardons' the misunderstood egg
Date:12/16/2008

Park Ridge, Ill. (December 16, 2008) A study recently published online in the journal Risk Analysis(1) estimates that eating one egg per day is responsible for less than 1 percent of the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in healthy adults. Alternatively, lifestyle factors including poor diet, smoking, obesity and physical inactivity contribute 30 to 40 percent of heart disease risk, depending on gender. This study adds to more than thirty years of research showing that healthy adults can eat eggs without significantly affecting their risk of heart disease.

Study Background

The study evaluated the risk of heart disease associated with egg consumption compared to modifiable lifestyle risk factors (smoking, poor diet, being overweight or obese, physical inactivity). The study authors used data from the 1999-2000 and 2001-2001 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) to categorize the U.S. adult population into various groups based on modifiable lifestyle risks. These populations account for 85 percent of all U.S. males ages 25 and older and 86 percent of U.S. females ages 25 and older.

Study Findings

The study found that the consumption of one egg per day contributes less than 1 percent of heart disease risk. Modifiable lifestyle risk factors smoking, poor diet, being overweight or obese and physical inactivity accounted for 30 to 40 percent of heart disease risk, while unavoidable risk factors, such as genetics, and potentially treatable risk factors, such as hypertension and diabetes, accounted for 60 to 70 percent.

According to the authors, the NHANES data show that very few Americans are leading lifestyles that may reduce the risk of heart disease: only 3 percent of males and 6 percent of females have none of the modifiable lifestyle risk factors that were investigated. The study authors conclude that efforts to prioritize risk factors and eliminate those that have the largest impact on health are more likely to reduce heart disease risk than recommendations to restrict egg consumption.

"This study should influence health professionals to finally acknowledge decades of research showing that egg consumption is not a significant risk factor for heart disease," said Leila M. Barraj, Senior Managing Scientist in Exponent's Health Sciences Center for Chemical Regulation and Food Safety. "The health community should focus on meaningful recommendations when it comes to preventing heart disease, like smoking and obesity, not egg consumption."

Egg Benefits Outweigh Risks

The study, which was funded by the Egg Nutrition Center, substantiates decades of research challenging the outdated myth that the cholesterol in eggs is linked to increased heart disease risk. Moreover, the study authors note that their analysis did not adjust for the health promoting benefits of eggs which may, in fact, decrease heart disease risk. For example:

  • Research has found that overweight men who eat eggs while on a carbohydrate-restricted diet have a significant increase in their HDL levels (the "good" cholesterol) compared to men who do not eat eggs.(2)

  • In a recent study, eating two eggs for breakfast, as part of a reduced-calorie diet, helped overweight or obese adults lose 65 percent more weight and reduce their BMIs by 61 percent more than those eating a bagel breakfast of equal calories. In addition, the study found no significant differences between the HDL and LDL cholesterol levels of the egg and bagel eaters.(3)

  • Eggs are an excellent source of choline. A 2008 study concluded that a diet rich in choline and betaine, a nutrient related to choline, is associated with lower concentrations of homocysteine in the blood. High blood levels of homocysteine are indicative of chronic inflammation, which has been associated with cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's and dementia.(4)

Eggs offer a number of beneficial nutrients. One egg has 13 essential vitamins and minerals and is an excellent source of choline and selenium and a good source of high-quality protein, vitamin B 12, phosphorus and riboflavin. In addition to providing one of the most affordable sources of all-natural, high-quality protein, eggs provide a valuable source of energy and help maintain and build the muscle tissue needed for strength.


'/>"/>

Contact: Egg Nutrition News Bureau
info@eggnutrition.org
312-233-1211
Edelman Public Relations
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Ocean fish farming harms wild fish, study says
2. Proactive care saves lives of seniors, study finds
3. Orangutans spontaneous whistling opens new chapter in study of evolution of speech
4. First-ever socioeconomic study on coral reefs points to challenges of coastal resource management
5. Study reveals effects of unconscious exposure to advertisements
6. Rice University study finds possible clues to epilepsy, autism
7. Researchers study virus with unusual properties
8. Nanotechnology culture war possible, says Yale study
9. Gene therapy corrects sickle cell disease in laboratory study
10. USC researchers head global effort to study genetic risks that contribute to psychiatric diseases
11. Study on wildlife corridors shows how they work over time
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/16/2017)... 16, 2017  Veratad Technologies, LLC ( www.veratad.com ), ... and identity verification solutions, announced today they will participate ... May 15 thru May 17, 2017, in ... Trade Center. Identity impacts the lives ... today,s quickly evolving digital world, defining identity is critical ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... a global expert in SoC-based imaging and computing solutions, has developed ... the company,s hybrid codec technology. A demonstration utilizing TeraFaces ® , ... showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan at Tokyo Big Sight April ... Vegas Convention Center April 24-27. ... Click here for an image of the M820 ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... ... at a CAGR of 30.37% during the period 2017-2021. ... based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. ... the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... ... is now being assessed in clinical trials in the United States. (clinicaltrials.gov : ... your nurse or physician or find your nearest participating clinic here https://factor-therapeutics.com/clinical-trials/ ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... , ... September 21, 2017 , ... Dr. Greg Leyer, ... Vegas, NV on September 27th. His presentation is at 12:10pm in the Probiotics Resource ... to present at SupplySide West and discuss how probiotics have shown impressive data in ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Colpitts Clinical has launched the ... includes new features that facilitate streamlined and compliant communication, file sharing and document ... forefront of medical advancements, they rely on efficiencies to help them address the ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... New Jersey (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 ... ... highly-regulated pharmaceutical and clinical research sector professionals, has announced the addition of 5 ... Part 11 training - Compliance with Regulation 21 CFR Part 11 on ...
Breaking Biology Technology: