Navigation Links
New 'smart' materials for the brain
Date:12/21/2008

Research done by scientists in Italy and Switzerland has shown that carbon nanotubes may be the ideal "smart" brain material. Their results, published December 21 in the advance online edition of the journal Nature Nanotechnology, are a promising step forward in the search to find ways to "bypass" faulty brain wiring.

The research shows that carbon nanotubes, which, like neurons, are highly electrically conductive, form extremely tight contacts with neuronal cell membranes. Unlike the metal electrodes that are currently used in research and clinical applications, the nanotubes can create shortcuts between the distal and proximal compartments of the neuron, resulting in enhanced neuronal excitability.

The study was conducted in the Laboratory of Neural Microcircuitry at EPFL in Switzerland and led by Michel Giugliano (now an assistant professor at the University of Antwerp) and University of Trieste professor Laura Ballerini. "This result is extremely relevant for the emerging field of neuro-engineering and neuroprosthetics," explains Giugliano, who hypothesizes that the nanotubes could be used as a new building block of novel "electrical bypass" systems for treating traumatic injury of the central nervous system. Carbon nano-electrodes could also be used to replace metal parts in clinical applications such as deep brain stimulation for the treatment of Parkinson's disease or severe depression. And they show promise as a whole new class of "smart" materials for use in a wide range of potential neuroprosthetic applications.

Henry Markram, head of the Laboratory of Neural Microcircuitry and an author on the paper, adds: "There are three fundamental obstacles to developing reliable neuroprosthetics: 1) stable interfacing of electromechanical devices with neural tissue, 2) understanding how to stimulate the neural tissue, and 3) understanding what signals to record from the neurons in order for the device to make an automatic and appropriate decision to stimulate. The new carbon nanotube-based interface technology discovered together with state of the art simulations of brain-machine interfaces is the key to developing all types of neuroprosthetics -- sight, sound, smell, motion, vetoing epileptic attacks, spinal bypasses, as well as repairing and even enhancing cognitive functions."


'/>"/>

Contact: Michele Giugliano
michele@tnb.ua.ac.be
323-820-2616
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. WCC Announces Version 6 of its ELISE Smart Search and Match Platform for Employment and Biometric Matching
2. WCC Smart Search and Match Names Rudie Lion - Product Marketing Manager
3. Brandeis and Smart Balance team up to advance heart-healthy research
4. e-Smart Technologies to Introduce Next Generation I AM Smart Card Technology at Cartes 2008 in Paris
5. Bee smart, bee healthy
6. JDRF to provide $1M in funding to SmartCells, Inc.
7. Full-Featured Video Analytics Platform Available in Smart Camera Format
8. Home Improvement Star Debbe Dunning is New smartTOUCH Spokesperson
9. Sony Cyber-shot Cameras Get Smarter
10. Smart contact lenses
11. Smart materials get smarter with ability to better control shape and size
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... 11, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... global eye tracking market to grow at a CAGR of 30.37% ... Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth market ... landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... Forecasts by Product Type (EAC), Biometrics, Card-Based ... & Logistics, Government & Public Sector, Utilities / Energy ... Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business Organisation (BFSI), Hospitality & ... for a definitive report on the $27.9bn Access Control ... ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... KEY FINDINGS The global market ... CAGR of 25.76% during the forecast period of 2017-2025. ... for the growth of the stem cell market. ... MARKET INSIGHTS The global stem cell market is segmented ... The stem cell market of the product is segmented ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... , ... Kapstone Medical is proud to announce that it has ... and inventors develop and safeguard their latest innovations. The company has grown from ... of clients in the United States and around the world. , Company Founder ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... Pittsburgh, PA (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 ... ... JASIS, one of the largest Asian exhibitions for analytical and scientific instruments. This ... Pittsburgh), will be “New Approaches in Mass Spectrometry for Bioanalytical Applications.” This dynamic ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Kenall, a ... downlights designed to stay tightly sealed and perform efficiently for years. The downlights ... location listings just aren't enough, such as: hospitals; behavioral health facilities; cleanrooms; containment ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... and is threatened by various biotic and abiotic factors. During this educational webinar, ... history of coffee, as well as gain a better understanding of how genomics ...
Breaking Biology Technology: