Navigation Links
New research on inherited herpesvirus may have implications for transplantation
Date:9/20/2013

Up to half a million people in Britain today may not know it, but in their genetic material they carry a particular form of herpesvirus 6 inherited from a parent.

The study from the world-renowned Department of Genetics at the University of Leicester, is funded principally by the Medical Research Council (MRC), and published in the journal Nucleic Acids Research.

The research led by Dr Nicola Royle, Senior Lecturer in Genetics, has identified a mechanism by which the inherited herpesvirus 6 can escape from the chromosome and may be able to reactivate under certain conditions.

This research may have important implications for transplantation, as those seeking transplants are often immunosuppressed, and are more susceptible to viral reactivation. The implications of the study suggested screening donors for this inherited form of HHV-6 could help doctors make more informed decisions about which donors to use.

The research in Dr Royle's laboratory focuses on telomeres, structures at the ends of chromosomes that have a protective role. When a telomere becomes short or is damaged it can trigger cellular senescence or result in genetic changes; consequently telomeres have roles in ageing and cancer. The inherited herpesvirus 6 (CI-HHV-6) is found in a telomere and so the questions Dr Royle has been addressing are: what is the virus doing there and does it affect telomere function?

There are many human herpesviruses and most can enter latency following infection, during which they persist in a small subset of cells lifelong. For example, the primary infection of HHV-3 causes chickenpox in children but following latency it can reactivate and cause shingles.

The 1% of us that inherit CI-HHV-6 in a telomere have a high copy number of this virus (one copy per cell of the whole body) but it is not known if this is a form of latency.

The Leicester study found that in people with CI-HHV-6, the viral genome is intact (has all of the genes required to reactivate). They showed that the telomere with the virus is unstable - prone to sudden deletions resulting in a very short telomere that may cause further instability. This facilitates release of the viral genome. Dr Royle proposes that the virus uses normal telomere processes to escape from the chromosome and that this may represents the first step towards viral reactivation.

Dr Royle said the research may have important implications in a transplant setting because those seeking transplants are immunosuppressed, in order to stop their bodies rejecting the donor's organ. If the donor is one of the half a million people with CI-HHV-6 there may be a risk to the organ recipient or an impact on the transplanted organ, either through viral reactivation or through the effect on the telomere. Until further research is conducted to determine whether or not there is an increased risk, it may be prudent to screen organ donors for the inherited form of HHV-6.

Future research in Dr Royle's laboratory will seek to determine how often the HHV-6 escapes from the telomere and what controls this. Researchers also seek to understand how telomere shortening due to age could influence the rate of HHV-6 release from the chromosome. It is predicted that this could increase the risk reactivation.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Nicola Royle
njr@le.ac.uk
01-162-522-270
University of Leicester
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. SLU researcher finds a turtle eye muscle adapts to deal with obstructed vision
2. NIH announces awards to strengthen the biomedical research workforce
3. University of Maryland researchers studying vaccine to prevent potential bird flu pandemic
4. Clemson researchers: Different forage affects beef cattle weight, taste
5. New research on potential avocado health benefits presented at International Congress of Nutrition
6. UNLV, Sen. Reid Announce $20 Million NIH grant to support clinical health research
7. New HIV-1 replication pathway discovered by NYU College of Dentistry researchers
8. Research team uncovers root cause of multiple myeloma relapse
9. RIKEN and leading Indian institutions launch Joint Research Centers
10. Rensselaer researchers create accurate computer model of RNA tetraloop
11. Hypertension researcher encourages colleagues to expand their focus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... , Mar. 23, 2017 Research and ... System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" ... ... grow at a CAGR of around 8.8% over the next decade ... industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for all the ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... ALLENTOWN, Pa. , March 20, 2017 ... PD 2.0 personal spirometer and Wellness Management System (WMS), ... Founded in 2010, PMD Healthcare is a ... Company with a mission dedicated to creating innovative solutions ... of life. With that intent focus, PMD developed the ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... March 7, 2017 Brandwatch , the leading social ... The Prince,s Trust to uncover insights to support its reporting, ... The UK,s leading youth charity will be using Brandwatch ... and get a better understanding of the topics and issues that ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 22, 2017 , ... Researchers face a fundamental challenge ... to full-size tissues, bones, even whole organs to implant in people to treat ... deep into the developing tissue. , Current bioengineering techniques, including 3-D printing, ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 22, 2017 Good Start Genetics, a leading ... the 130 million covered lives mark through its most ... Texas . With newly signed contracts nationally ... enjoy strong payor acceptance based on the quality of ... genetic counseling, its industry-leading customer care and support and ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... March 22, 2017 The global ... a research report by Transparency Market Research (TMR). The ... Inc., and AbbVie Inc., accounted for a share of ... players in this market are focusing aggressively on mergers, ... which is likely to lead to market consolidation in ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017   Boston Biomedical , ... therapeutics designed to target cancer stemness pathways, today announced ... Andrews as Chief Executive Officer, effective April 24, ... Chiang J. Li , M.D., FACP, who has led ... ago. Under his leadership, Boston Biomedical has grown from ...
Breaking Biology Technology: