Navigation Links
New paper amplifies hypothesis on human language's deep origins
Date:6/11/2014

e two parts we identify are in fact of a finite state," Miyagawa says. "Those two components have antecedents in the animal world. According to our hypothesis, they came together uniquely in human language."

Introducing the 'integration hypothesis'

The current paper, "The Integration Hypothesis of Human Language Evolution and the Nature of Contemporary Languages," is published this week in Frontiers in Psychology. The authors are Miyagawa; Robert Berwick, a professor of computational linguistics and computer science and engineering in MIT's Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems; and Shiro Ojima and Kazuo Okanoya, scholars at the University of Tokyo.

The paper's conclusions build on past work by Miyagawa, which holds that human language consists of two distinct layers: the expressive layer, which relates to the mutable structure of sentences, and the lexical layer, where the core content of a sentence resides. That idea, in turn, is based on previous work by linguistics scholars including Noam Chomsky, Kenneth Hale, and Samuel Jay Keyser.

The expressive layer and lexical layer have antecedents, the researchers believe, in the languages of birds and other mammals, respectively. For instance, in another paper published last year, Miyagawa, Berwick, and Okanoya presented a broader case for the connection between the expressive layer of human language and birdsong, including similarities in melody and range of beat patterns.

Birds, however, have a limited number of melodies they can sing or recombine, and nonhuman primates have a limited number of sounds they make with particular meanings. That would seem to present a challenge to the idea that human language could have derived from those modes of communication, given the seemingly infinite expression possibilities of humans.

But the researchers think certain parts of human language actually reveal finite-state operations that may b
'/>"/>

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. New paper examines poison resistance in snakes around the world
2. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
3. SEBM Best Paper Awards for articles published in 2011
4. Some factors that impact islet transplantation explored in Cell Transplantation papers
5. Some factors that impact islet transplantation explored in Cell Transplantation papers
6. A new type of data papers designed to publish online interactive keys identifying biodiversity
7. Zoologists are no longer restricted to publish new species on paper
8. TECNALIA leads research to develop new biocomposites based on wheat straw and recycled paper
9. Plan to turn farm waste into paper earns students $15,000
10. GW Research chosen as paper of the week for blood coagulation discovery
11. Nicole George wins 2012 Journal of Experimental Biology Outstanding Paper Prize
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/30/2014)... A deep-sea octopus protected and tended her eggs until ... published July 30, 2014 in the open-access journal ... Aquarium Research Institute and colleagues. , Octopuses typically have ... females protect and take care of their fertilized eggs ... eggs for 1 to 3 months, but little is ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... the University of Helsinki and the Universitat Autnoma de ... morphological changes which have taken millions of years to ... development of mice teeth, induced in the laboratory, scientists ... those observed in the fossil registry of rodent species ... , To modify the development of their teeth, the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... associate professor Andrew S. Mount, performed cutting-edge research on ... novel anti-fouling paint for ships and boats and also ... team,s findings, published in Nature Communications ... attaches to a wide variety of surfaces using highly ... underwater heavy-duty adhesive. , "In previous research, we were ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Deep-sea octopus has longest-known egg-brooding period 2Scientists reproduce evolutionary changes by manipulating embryonic development of mice 2Study: Marine pest provides advances in maritime anti-fouling and biomedicine 2
... professors are leading research teams that will work ... and the Caribbean to increase food production, improve ... change. The projects are part of the Sustainable ... Program (SANREM CRSP), a $15 million, five-year program ...
... study from Children,s Hospital Boston and the Boston-based Autism Consortium ... known as chromosomal microarray analysis, has about three times the ... (ASDs) than standard tests. Publishing in the April issue of ... that CMA become part of the first-line genetic work-up for ...
... WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. Vitamin D is quickly becoming the "go-to" ... to atherosclerosis. However, new evidence from a Wake Forest University ... those with low levels may have different effects based on ... do harm. The study is the first to ...
Cached Biology News:Researchers introducing sustainable agriculture practices to improve food security 2Researchers introducing sustainable agriculture practices to improve food security 3A better genetic test for autism 2A better genetic test for autism 3Vitamin D levels have different effects on atherosclerosis in blacks and whites 2Vitamin D levels have different effects on atherosclerosis in blacks and whites 3
(Date:7/30/2014)... Geneva, Switzerland (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 ... proven technologies for biologic drug discovery and mammalian cell ... SURE CHO-Mplus Libraries ™ will be presented at ... conference being held, September 8 – 10, 2014 ... Berkeley, California. , The following abstract will be ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... , July 30, 2014   Wyle ... the Fully Integrated Lifecycle Mission Support Services (FILMSS) ... Administration (NASA). Under the terms of the contract, ... Center at Moffett Field, Calif. In particular, Wyle ... bioscience flight development projects on the International Space ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014 July 30, 2014. ... a biotechnology firm that provides DNA-based authentication and security ... Ph.D. Vice President of Life Sciences, a newly created ... , Dr. Hogan will lead APDN’s drive to build ... with biotech and healthcare customers, provide guidance to APDN’s ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 Vycom announces ... of products, designed to meet Factory Mutual (FM) 4910 ... materials such as wet benches, process tools, fume hoods, ... safety and damage to semiconductor wafers used in electronic ... a flame-retardant PVC solution with excellent workability and superior ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Selexis SA to Present New Data and a Case Study at IBC’s Cell Line Development and Engineering Conference 2Selexis SA to Present New Data and a Case Study at IBC’s Cell Line Development and Engineering Conference 3Wyle Wins NASA's Fully Integrated Lifecycle Mission Support Services Contract 2Dr. Michael E. Hogan, Ph.D., Joins Applied DNA Sciences as Vice President, Life Sciences 2Dr. Michael E. Hogan, Ph.D., Joins Applied DNA Sciences as Vice President, Life Sciences 3Vycom Announces Flametec® Thermax PVC (FM4910 Listed) For a Variety of Clean Room Applications with Excellent Workability and Aesthetics 2
... NORTH BILLERICA, Mass., Sept. 9 Seahorse Bioscience, Inc., the ... cellular bioenergetics, today announced it will present data with the ... Flux Analyzer in revealing the effects of KSR1 and nutrients ... The data will appear in two posters at the AACR ...
... , NEW YORK, Sept. 9 ... Vice President and General Manager of Informatics at Thermo Fisher ... HUNT Research Center and Biobank, about data integration: the benefits ... life sciences companies. , , ...
... , WATERTOWN, Mass., Sept. 9 EnVivo Pharmaceuticals ... vice president and chief financial officer. DiPalma is responsible ... and operations. , , "EnVivo has grown ... to help better manage our broad pipeline and increasing business ...
Cached Biology Technology:Seahorse Bioscience to Present Novel Cellular Bioenergetics Data in Collaboration with University of Nebraska at AACR Metabolism and Cancer Conference 2Don't Wait to Innovate: Future Pharmaceuticals Magazine Releases Its Issue on Innovation in IT, Cell-Based Therapy and Supply Chains 2EnVivo Pharmaceuticals Names Stephen DiPalma Chief Financial Officer 2
... is most widely used in combination ... differentially stain nucleic acids following polyacrylamide ... solution, Pyronin Y stains RNA red, ... Chem comp: Dye content ...
... The loxP-cm-loxP cassette is ... prokaryotic cells. The prokaryotic promoter ... resistance is a slightly modified version ... higher transcription efficiency than the generally ...
... Agencourt AMPure is a ... that requires no sample transfer, ... efficiently purifies small and large ... or 384-well microplates. Agencourt AMPure ...
... is a magnetic bead-based PCR ... sample transfer, centrifugation or filtration ... and large PCR extension products ... Agencourt AMPure can easily be ...
Biology Products: