Navigation Links
New on-off 'switch' triggers and reverses paralysis in animals with a beam of light

In an advance with overtones of Star Trek phasers and other sci-fi ray guns, scientists in Canada are reporting development of an internal on-off "switch" that paralyzes animals when exposed to a beam of ultraviolet light. The animals stay paralyzed even when the light is turned off. When exposed to ordinary light, the animals become unparalyzed and wake up. Their study appears in the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS). It reports the first demonstration of such a light-activated switch in animals.

Neil Branda and colleagues point out that such "photoswitches" -- light-sensitive materials that undergo photoreactions -- have been available for years. Scientists use them in research. Doctors use light-sensitive materials and photoreactions in medicine in photodynamic therapy to treat certain forms of cancer. Those light-sensitive materials, however, do not have the reversibility that exists in photoswitching.

The JACS report describes development and successful testing of a photoswitch composed of the light-sensitive material, dithienylethene. The scientists grew transparent, pinhead-sized worms (C. elegans) and fed them a dithienylethene. When exposed to ultraviolet light, the worms turned blue and became paralyzed. When exposed to visible light, the dithienylethene became colorless again and the worms' paralysis ended. Many of the worms lived through the paralyze-unparalyze cycle. Scientists were not sure how the switch causes paralysis. The study demonstrates that photoswitches may have great potential in turning photodynamic therapy on and off, and for other applications in medicine and research, they indicate.


Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Novel on-off switch mechanism stops cancer in its tracks
2. Biochemical on-switch could solve protein purification challenge
3. Alcohol tolerance switch found
4. Advanced Analogic Technologies Introduces Lowest-Power Load Switch Available for Biometric Security Devices
5. Master gene that switches on disease-fighting cells identified by scientists
6. NC State receives NSF grant to discover plant switchboards
7. Switching on the power of stem cells
8. Estrogen-dependent switch tempers killing activity of immune cells
9. Fujitsu Expands Support for Ethernet Networks With New Additions to XG Switch Product Line
10. Just in time for spring: Scientists find the cellular on and off switch for allergies and asthma
11. Researchers discover that gene switches on during development of epilepsy
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
New on-off 'switch' triggers and reverses paralysis in animals with a beam of light
(Date:10/26/2015)... PALO ALTO, Calif. and LAS ... – Nok Nok Labs , an innovator in ... FIDO Alliance , today announced the launch of its ... the first unified platform enabling organizations to use standards-based ... authentication. The Nok Nok S3 Authentication Suite is ideal ...
(Date:10/23/2015)... Oct. 23, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "Global Voice Recognition Biometrics Market 2015-2019" report to ... --> The global voice recognition biometrics market to ... --> --> The ... prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs ...
(Date:10/22/2015)...  Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE ), a leading supplier of ... quarter ended September 30, 2015.  --> ... $4.0 million, a decrease of 33% compared to $6.0 million in ... of 2015 was $2.2 million, or $0.10 per diluted share, which ... same period a year ago.  --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna Zentaris Inc. ... that the remaining 11,000 post-share consolidation (or 1,100,000 ... (the "Series B Warrants") subject to the previously ... November 23, 2015, which will result in the ... effect to the issuance of such shares, there ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... In harsh ... Insertion points for in-line sensors can represent a weak spot where leaking process ... series of retractable sensor housings , which are designed to tolerate extreme process ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Creation Technologies would like to ... Deloitte's 2015 Technology Fast 500 list of the fastest growing companies in North ... II medical device that speeds up orthodontic tooth movement by as much as ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Capricor Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... development and commercialization of first-in-class therapeutics, today announced that ... scheduled to present at the 2015 Piper Jaffray Healthcare ... at The Lotte New York Palace Hotel in ... . --> . ...
Breaking Biology Technology: