Navigation Links
New model could help fill data gap in predicting historical air pollution exposure
Date:9/12/2012

"We can retrospectively estimate exposure levels for previous periods where direct data is lacking," says Davis, author of the paper titled "Recessions and Health: The Impact of Economic Trends on Air Pollution in California," which will be published in the October issue of the journal "American Journal of Public Health" (available online on August 16). "Without an accurate and historically relevant exposure model it is difficult to obtain estimates of lifetime human exposure which is critical in studies of chronic disease," she adds.

As an example of how the model could be used, Davis applied her formula to the years between 2006 and 2010when unemployment rose from 4.9 percent to 12.4 percent in California. According to the model, there would have been a 16.8 percent decline in ambient concentrations of carbon monoxide and a 12.2 percent decline in concentrations of nitrogen dioxide.

Her findings were not independently validated but Davis says that "the comparison provides perspective on what the predicted change in air pollution would be during a major economic downturn based on the results of the model."

Davis also looked for relationships between unemployment in the trucking industry and air quality. With trucking, she included estimates for haze, which is a marker for diesel-powered truck emissions. Here, she found a similar pattern of lower predicted pollution levels between 2006 and 2010.

Davis says that the results of her work provide evidence linking the economy to air pollution. In a 2010 study of air pollution levels and economic trends in New Jersey between 1971 and 2003, Davis found a similar relationship between pollution and unemployment.

"This is evidence that cyclical economic activity has an impact on concentrations of pollutants that the general public is exposed to," says Davis. "There is a net benefit for public health in terms of air pollution when unemployment rises."


'/>"/>

Contact: Alex Reid
alexander.reid@tufts.edu
617-627-4173
Tufts University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Research finds heart remodeling rapidly follows cardiac injury
2. Coral scientists use new model to find where corals are most likely to survive climate change
3. Early menopause: A genetic mouse model of human primary ovarian insufficiency
4. Controlling gene expression: How chromatin remodelers block a histone pass
5. New model gives hands-on help for learning the secrets of molecules
6. Modeling metastasis
7. ORNL researchers improve soil carbon cycling models
8. Molecular economics: New computer models calculate systems-wide costs of gene expression
9. New model synapse could shed light on disorders such as epilepsy and anxiety
10. Autism Speaks and SAGE® Labs develop rat models for translational autism research
11. New model of disease contagion ranks US airports in terms of their spreading influence
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/13/2014)... New research raises the prospect of more effective ... muscle occurring in about half of all cancer patients, ... Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. , Many strategies have been tried ... that patients can,t endure potentially life-saving treatments, but none ... July 13 advanced online edition of Nature , ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... 2014--Researchers at the Department of Energy,s Oak Ridge ... presented by R&D Magazine in recognition of the ... recognize the tremendous value of our National Labs," ... development at the National Labs continues to help ... the scientific and technological innovations necessary to remain ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... of Entiat on Tuesday, July 8, 2014. Despite the ... over 1,000 acres by evening. Three outbuildings were damaged. ... the Washington Department of Natural Resources. The fire ... fire control strategies and tactics. Other cooperators include the ... Resources, (WA DNR), Bureau of Land Management, Chelan County ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Antibody halts cancer-related wasting condition 2Antibody halts cancer-related wasting condition 3ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 2ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 3ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 4
... New findings from Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) scientists ... and other stresses in harsh environments to combat global food ... in Nature last year that were named among ... "I think that the work established the methodologies and ...
... women in the US, the association between the consumption of ... diabetes mellitus (late onset diabetes) was studied for 12 years. ... but the regular moderate intake of both caffeinated coffee and ... diabetes significantly. This paper is particularly important ...
... Sebelius at the U.S. Department of Health and Human ... specific challenges to proposed modifications to HIPAA Privacy and ... its membership of 4,000 informatics professionals, detail key issues ... (NPRM) on HIPAA modifications, along with suggestions for models ...
Cached Biology News:New VARI findings next step to growing drought-resistant plants 2AMIA cites concerns about proposed HIPAA modifications 2AMIA cites concerns about proposed HIPAA modifications 3AMIA cites concerns about proposed HIPAA modifications 4
(Date:7/12/2014)... July 12, 2014 This ... reagents used in the life science industry. ... life science reagents market towards remarkable growth. ... and providers of life science reagents. , ... http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/life-sciences-reagents-analytical-reagents.html . , The global life ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Research ( http://www.bccresearch.com ) reveals in its new report, ... MARKETS , the global market for digital polymerase chain ... This is estimated to grow to $490 billion in ... of 28.6%. , New digital PCR technology has created ... broader PCR field. The opportunities presented by this technology ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Scottsdale, AZ (PRWEB) July 11, 2014 ... medicine device company specializing in the soft tissue ... SureLock All-Suture Anchor System for surgeries involving the ... predictable fixation through a novel, inserter-controlled deployment method. ... lead to partial deployment, anchor pull-out, or anchor ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Understanding the need for better quality and ... gap that currently exists in this area, ChanTest has ... of validated ion channel and GPCR cell lines. ... ion channels control many critical physiological functions throughout the ... potential to treat a variety of human diseases. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Transparency Market Research: Life Science Reagents Market- PCR Reagent Kits, Cell and Tissue Culture, Flow Cytometry, Electrophoresis and Chromatography 2Transparency Market Research: Life Science Reagents Market- PCR Reagent Kits, Cell and Tissue Culture, Flow Cytometry, Electrophoresis and Chromatography 3Global Market for Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction Technology to Reach $490 Billion by 2018; Equipment Sector Accounts for the Fastest Growing Segment With 33% CAGR 2Global Market for Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction Technology to Reach $490 Billion by 2018; Equipment Sector Accounts for the Fastest Growing Segment With 33% CAGR 3Cayenne Medical Launches SureLock™ All-Suture Anchor System for Shoulder and Extremity Surgery 2Cayenne Medical Launches SureLock™ All-Suture Anchor System for Shoulder and Extremity Surgery 3Leader in Ion Channel Research Announces Newly Validated and Re-Engineered Cells 2Leader in Ion Channel Research Announces Newly Validated and Re-Engineered Cells 3
... Thieme's new book, Islands in the Clickstream is ... WTN will be reprinting excerpts from selected chapters of Islands ... week features an excerpt from chapter four, Hacking and the ... of Thieme's writings. , , Hactivism and Soul Power ...
... this summer, we looked at venture capital funding in ... reached about $5 billion in investments in small companies. ... $5.4 billion invested during the fourth quarter of 2003, ... results for the second quarter of 2004 were a ...
... Source: Office of U.S. Rep. Jane Harman (D-Redondo Beach, Calif.) ... Republican? , ,As silly as that question is, it appears ... lamentable wedge issues of the 2004 presidential campaign. Both political ... a back seat to stem cell politics. , ,If you ...
Cached Biology Technology:Islands in the Clickstream: Hactivism and Soul Power 2Islands in the Clickstream: Hactivism and Soul Power 3Islands in the Clickstream: Hactivism and Soul Power 4Midwest life science companies capture 3% of VC investments in Q.2 2Dividing stem cells along partisan lines isnt a good experiment 2Dividing stem cells along partisan lines isnt a good experiment 3
Protein Kinase D2 Immunogen: Human protein kinase D2. Storage: -20 C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles...
...
... Upright Freezer Inventory Storage Racks for ... available to fit all makes and ... Made of high quality stainless ... high fiberboard, stainless steel or plastic ...
Many mammalian cell types and experimental situations create challenges for standard transfection experiments. The ViraPower Lentiviral Expression System overcomes these challenges with efficient vir...
Biology Products: