Navigation Links
New method confirms humans and Neandertals interbred
Date:4/8/2014

BETHESDA, MD April 8, 2014 Technical objections to the idea that Neandertals interbred with the ancestors of Eurasians have been overcome, thanks to a genome analysis method described in the April 2014 issue of the journal GENETICS. The technique can more confidently detect the genetic signatures of interbreeding than previous approaches and will be useful for evolutionary studies of other ancient or rare DNA samples.

"Our approach can distinguish between two subtly different scenarios that could explain the genetic similarities shared by Neandertals and modern humans from Europe and Asia," said study co-author Konrad Lohse, a population geneticist at the University of Edinburgh.

The first scenario is that Neandertals occasionally interbred with modern humans after they migrated out of Africa. The alternative scenario is that the humans who left Africa evolved from the same ancestral subpopulation that had previously given rise to the Neandertals.

Many researchers argue the interbreeding scenario is more likely, because it fits the genetic patterns seen in studies that compared genomes from many modern humans. But the new approach completely rules out the alternative scenario without requiring all the extra data, by using only the information from one genome each of several types: Neandertal, European/Asian, African and chimpanzee.

The same method will be useful in other studies of interbreeding where limited samples are available. "Because the method makes maximum use of the information contained in individual genomes, it is particularly exciting for revealing the history of species that are rare or extinct," said Lohse. In fact, the authors originally developed the method while studying the history of insect populations in Europe and island species of pigs in South East Asia, some of which are extremely rare.

Lohse cautions against reading too much into the fact that the new method estimates a slightly higher genetic contribution of Neandertals to modern humans than previous studies. Estimating this contribution is complex and is likely to vary slightly between different approaches.

"This work is important because it closes a hole in the argument about whether Neandertals interbred with humans. And the method can be applied to understanding the evolutionary history of other organisms, including endangered species," said Mark Johnston, Editor-in-Chief of the journal GENETICS.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tracey DePellegrin Connelly
tracey.depellegrin@thegsajournals.org
412-760-5391
Genetics Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New 3-D stem cell culture method published in JoVE
2. New methods for better purification of wastewater
3. More effective method of imaging proteins
4. New method for estimating parameters may boost biological models
5. New paper by Notre Dame researchers describes method for cleaning up nuclear waste
6. Scientists discover new method of proton transfer
7. Oceanographers develop method for measuring the pace of life in deep sediments
8. Notre Dame researchers using novel method to combat malaria drug resistance
9. Rapid method of assembling new gene-editing tool could revolutionize genetic research
10. Scientists advance field of research with publication of newly validated method for analyzing flavanols in cocoa
11. Chemical engineers at UMass Amherst find high-yield method of making xylene from biomass
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/3/2017)... WASHINGTON , April 3, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... single-cell precision engineering platform, detected a statistically ... cell product prior to treatment and objective ... highlight the potential to predict whether cancer ... prior to treatment, as well as to ...
(Date:3/29/2017)...  higi, the health IT company that operates the ... , today announced a Series B investment from ... The new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s strategy to ... population health activities through the collection and workflow integration ... collects and secures data today on behalf of over ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric Vehicle Access ... 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 million by ... and forecasts for all the given segments on global as well ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2017)... Tenn. , April 27, 2017  Pendant Biosciences, ... developing innovative surface modification and drug delivery technologies, today ... Johnson Innovation, JLABS @ Toronto . ... Executive Officer of Pendant Biosciences, noted, "We are excited ... Toronto community, and are honored to be ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... Beach, SC (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 ... ... the mind, has teamed up with NASA to showcase the future of deep ... Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and Orion spacecraft and includes a guest appearance ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... demonstrating its new Bioflash MailGuardtm mail security screening solution at the National Postal ... Bioflash MailGuard system provides a fast, highly accurate, easy to use and low ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... Pa. , April 26, 2017  Genisphere ... delivery platform, has signed a collaborative and sponsored ... Dr. Silvia Muro . The overall goal ... and pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and formulations ... involve targeting diseases of the vasculature as well ...
Breaking Biology Technology: