Navigation Links
New immune defense enzyme discovered
Date:4/3/2012

This release is available in German.

Neutrophil granulocytes comprise important defences for the immune system. When pathogenic bacteria penetrate the body, they are the first on the scene to mobilise other immune cells via signal molecules, thereby containing the risk. To this end, they release serine proteases enzymes that cut up other proteins to activate signal molecules. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried have now discovered a new serine protease: neutrophil serine protease 4, or NSP4. This enzyme could provide a new target for the treatment of diseases that involve an overactive immune system, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

The functioning of the immune system is based on the complex interplay of the most diverse cells and mediators. For example, neutrophil granulocytes (a group of specialized white blood cells) react to bacteria by releasing substances called serine proteases. These enzymes are able to activate signal molecules, such as the chemokines, by cleaving them at a specific position on the molecule. The active signal molecules then guide other immune cells to the focus of inflammation in order to destroy the pathogens.

A research team led by Dieter Jenne at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried has come across a previously unknown protease in humans: neutrophil serine protease 4, or NSP4. "The special thing about this enzyme is that it cuts proteins that have the amino acid arginine at a particular point", says Dieter Jenne, research group leader at the Martinsried-based Institute. "This is where NSP4 differs from the other three known neutrophil serine proteases, which are similar in molecular structure, but have a different recognition motif." The scientists may be able to harness this difference to develop an active substance that specifically inhibits NSP4, there
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Dieter Jenne
djenne@neuro.mpg.de
49-898-578-3588
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Key to immune system disease could lie inside the cheek
2. Immune system implicated in prematurity complication
3. New insight into mechanisms behind autoimmune diseases suggests a potential therapy
4. UCI-led study uncovers how Salmonella avoids the bodys immune response
5. U of Alberta researcher steps closer to understand autoimmune diseases
6. Depression could be evolutionary byproduct of immune system
7. Secrets of immune response illuminated in new study
8. Human immune cells react sensitively to stress
9. Stealthy leprosy pathogen evades critical vitamin D-dependent immune response
10. Aiding cancer therapy by mathematically modeling tumor-immune interactions
11. UCSF team uncovers how immune cells move against invaders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New immune defense enzyme discovered
(Date:12/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Research and Markets ... addition of the "The Global Watermarking ... offering. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... overview of the global digital media watermarking ... and monitor piracy by securely and invisibly ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014   LaunchKey , the first decentralized mobile ... Internet of Things era, today announced the close of ... was led by Metamorphic Ventures with participation from ENIAC ... and others.  LaunchKey has raised $4 million to date, ... team and bring LaunchKey to market in 2015. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 16, 2014 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Global Chemical Sensor Market ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 One ... increasing demand for medical sensors in biomedical applications. ... for quick and correct diagnosis during surgical procedures. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The Global Watermarking and Fingerprinting Markets 2LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 2LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 3Global Chemical Sensor Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are Abbott Laboratories, Bayer, Hoffmann La-Roche, Johnson & Johnson, NGK Spark Plugs and Robert Bosch 2
... FORT COLLINS - In the last 50 years, modern ... of today,s veterinary and human medicine students still hone ... pig,s feet before transitioning to a live patient. An ... artificial body parts that look, feel, behave, and even ...
... been at least a billion years since plants and ... eons shared a common threat in the form of ... in remarkably similar mechanisms for detecting the molecular signatures ... treatment of infectious diseases in humans. The recognition ...
... produce many antibodies against the protein encapsulating the virus, most ... A new study suggests why some of the most common ... a form it takes after the virus has already invaded ... Hospital Boston and their colleagues. The findings, published ...
Cached Biology News:Invention helps students learn surgical techniques before operating on patients 2Reading the signs: Plants and animals found common ground in response to microbial threats 2Designing more effective anti-HIV antibodies 2Designing more effective anti-HIV antibodies 3
(Date:12/24/2014)... GMO corn cases filed across the ... in the process of being consolidated in a Kansas ... In Re: Syngenta AG MIR 162 Corn Litigation, MDL ... District of Kansas. , Management of the Syngenta GMO ... U.S. District Judge John W. Lungstrum.* , As a ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... December 23, 2014 According to Ross Selinger, ... Affiliate of ITRA Global, the national office market continues to ... This is evidenced by the third quarter’s surprising 3.9% ... Low energy costs have held inflation down and the ... is the housing market remaining soft. , This solid economic ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 ... where their Twitter followers can submit their #HolidayInTheLab ... themselves and their lab mates. , For those struggling ... lab mates, the Pipette.com Holiday in the Lab Contest ... Pipette.com Twitter followers to send pictures of ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014 Sigma-Aldrich Corporation (NASDAQ: ... under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act (HSR Act) ... 22, 2014, thereby completing the U.S. HSR Act ... of the Company by Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany.  ... condition to closing the transaction, which remains subject ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Carey Danis & Lowe Reports on Syngenta GMO Corn Transfer Order 2ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 2ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 3Major Pipette Distributor Pipette.com Announces their Holiday in the Lab Contest 2Acquisition of Sigma-Aldrich by Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, Receives U.S. Antitrust Clearance 2Acquisition of Sigma-Aldrich by Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, Receives U.S. Antitrust Clearance 3
... Recognized for Development of Statistical Methods and SoftwareSAN DIEGO, ... and of Health Research & Policy at Stanford ... Academy of Sciences. Election to the National Academy ... can be accorded to a scientist in the US ...
... published,today in the online edition of Nature Genetics, scientists ... from Iceland, Denmark and the,Netherlands present the discovery of ... (SNPs) that influence the age of girls at menarche, ... by both genetic,and environmental factors, though the SNPs reported ...
... naturally occurring elements, add another to the list of those ... physics in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. ... the time discovered that europium becomes superconducting at 1.8 ... making it the 53rd known elemental superconductor and the 23rd ...
Cached Biology Technology:Professor Wing Wong Elected to the National Academy of Sciences 2deCODE Study Shows Complex Interplay of the Human Biological Clock With Height, Weight and Disease 2deCODE Study Shows Complex Interplay of the Human Biological Clock With Height, Weight and Disease 3deCODE Study Shows Complex Interplay of the Human Biological Clock With Height, Weight and Disease 4Europium discovery 2Europium discovery 3