Navigation Links
New discovery about how flowering time of plants can be controlled
Date:12/7/2010

Researchers at Ume Plant Science Center in Sweden discovered, in collaboration with the Syngenta company, a previously unknown gene in sugar beets that blocks flowering. Only with the cold of winter is the gene shut off, allowing the sugar beet to blossom in its second year. The discovery of this new gene function makes it possible to control when sugar beets bloom. The new findings were recently published in the prestigious journal Science.

Scientists at Ume Plant Science Center and the international company Syngenta, in a joint study of genetic regulation in the sugar beet, have discovered an entirely new principle for how flowering can be controlled. The study, which was co-directed by Professorn Ove Nilsson, of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), and Syngenta scientist Dr. Thomas Kraft, showed that there is a gene in the sugar beet that was previously unknown.

"When we studied a gene in the sugar beet that usually stimulates blooming in other plants, we made a very surprising discovery: in the sugar beet evolution has developed a 'sister gene' that has taken on the exact opposite function, namely, to inhibit blossoming. For biennial sugar beets this means that they can't flower in their first year. Once the plants have been exposed to the cold of winter at the end of the first year, the 'gene blockade is lifted,' and the sugar beets can bloom in their second year of life," says Ove Nilsson about the function of the newly discovered flowering gene.

The researchers speculate that the development of the inhibiting sister gene was an important factor in enabling biennial sugar beets to evolve from an annual to a biennial plant. Furthermore, plant researchers in Ume and Landskrona have shown that it is possible to manipulate the "flowering gene" in such a way as to leave the gene constantly "turned on," that is, to block blooming, and thereby prevent it from being turned off after winter.

"In that way it's possible to fully control the flowering time of the sugar beet. This enables us to develop a so-called 'winter beet,' that is, a sugar beet that can be planted in the autumn and then will continue to grow throughout the following growth season without blossoming," says Thomas Kraft at Syngenta Seeds.

"A winter beet has be a high priority for sugar beet growers, since it is estimated to be able to increase the yield by about 25 percent and at the same time allow a more extended harvesting period. Traditional breeding has failed to produce such a plant. Syngenta Seeds is now going to move on to more in-depth tests of this potential new winter beet."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susanne Sjberg
susanne.sjoberg@adm.slu.se
Swedish Research Council
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Scientists announce discovery of first horned dinosaur from South Korea
2. Study of how genes activate yields surprising discovery
3. VCU Massey discovery could lead to breakthrough for non-small cell lung cancer
4. Drug discovery programs boosted
5. Discovery by UC Riverside entomologists could shrink dengue-spreading mosquito population
6. Strange discovery: Bacteria built with arsenic
7. Mystery dissolves with calcium pump discovery
8. In new novel, secret discovery threatens company and damages love affair
9. New sleep cycle discovery explains why fatty diets during pregnancy make kids obese
10. Gene discovery suggests way to engineer fast-growing plants
11. TB-drugome provides new targets for anti-tuberculosis drug discovery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... , April 13, 2017 According to a ... Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment ... the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in ... Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... -- Forecasts by Product Type (EAC), Biometrics, ... (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public Sector, Utilities / ... Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business Organisation (BFSI), Hospitality ... looking for a definitive report on the $27.9bn Access ... ...
(Date:4/3/2017)... , April 3, 2017  Data captured ... engineering platform, detected a statistically significant association ... prior to treatment and objective response of ... potential to predict whether cancer patients will ... treatment, as well as to improve both pre-infusion ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2017 , ... Biodex Medical ... and ambulation aid in one device. This assistive aid lifts patients safely from a ... harness and motorized lift mechanics. The Mobility Assist is the latest in a line ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... VIRGINIA (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2017 , ... ... today that Melissa Kirkegaard, the former Associate Director of Product Development R&D at ... biological and pharmaceutical products at both start-up and established biopharma companies, has joined ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Biova, LLC., the leader in water ... Board of Directors. Dr. Henig will bring a wealth of scientific experience in the ... the Chief Technical and Scientific Officer of four major global companies in the last ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Academy of Model ... University Aviation Association (UAA), the unifying voice for collegiate aviation education, are launching ... teamwork, competition, and success through a STEM-based education platform. , Much like the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: