Navigation Links
New data reveals that the average height of European males has grown by 11cm in just over a century
Date:9/1/2013

The average height of European males increased by an unprecedented 11cm between the mid-nineteenth century and 1980, according to a new paper published online today in the journal Oxford Economic Papers. Contrary to expectations, the study also reveals that average height actually accelerated in the period spanning the two World Wars and the Great Depression.

Timothy J. Hatton, Professor of Economics at the University of Essex and the Research School of Economics at Australian National University in Canberra, examined and analysed a new dataset for the average height (at the age of around 21) of adult male birth cohorts, from the 1870s to 1980, in fifteen European countries. The data were drawn from a variety of sources. For the most recent decades the data were mainly taken from height-by-age in cross sectional surveys. Meanwhile, observations for the earlier years were based on data for the heights of military conscripts and recruits. The data is for men only as the historical evidence for women's heights is severely limited.

Professor Hatton said, "Increases in human stature are a key indicator of improvements in the average health of populations. The evidence suggests that the improving disease environment, as reflected in the fall in infant mortality, is the single most important factor driving the increase in height. The link between infant mortality and height has already been demonstrated by a number of studies." Infant mortality rates fell from an average of 178 per thousand in 1871-5 to 120 per thousand in 1911-15. They then plummeted to 41 in 1951-5 and 14 in 1976-80.

In northern and middle European countries (including Britain and Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, and Germany) there was a "distinct quickening" in the pace of advance in the period spanning the two World Wars and the Great Depression. This is striking because the period largely predates the wide implementation of major breakthroughs in modern medicine and national health services. One possible reason, alongside the crucial decline in infant mortality, for the rapid growth of average male height in this period was that there was a strong downward trend in fertility at the time, and smaller family sizes have already been linked with increasing height.

Other factors in the increase in average male height include an increased income per capita; more sanitary housing and living conditions; better general education about health and nutrition (which led to better care for children and young people within the home); and better social services and health systems.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kirsty Doole
kirsty.doole@oup.com
44-018-653-55439
Oxford University Press
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UCI-led study reveals how SARS virus hijacks host cells
2. Pottery residue reveals spice use in prehistoric European cuisine
3. Scientific breakthrough reveals how vitamin B12 is made
4. Global investigation reveals true scale of ocean warming
5. Study reveals potential role of love hormone oxytocin in brain function
6. Bees under threat from disease-carrying bumblebee imports, research reveals
7. First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world
8. Fear factor: Missing brain enzyme leads to abnormal levels of fear in mice, reveals new research
9. Surprise finding reveals how adaptive our immune systems can be
10. New study reveals important role of insulin in making breast milk
11. Study reveals ancient jigsaw puzzle of past supercontinent
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/22/2016)... 20, 2016  As part of its longstanding mission to ... genetics company, recently released its latest children,s book, titled ... focuses on the topics of inheritance and variation of traits ... taught in elementary school classrooms in the US. ... illustrator Ariana Killoran , whose previous book with 23andMe, ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... 2016   IdentyTechSolutions America LLC , a ... solutions and a cutting-edge manufacturer of software and ... offering seamless, integrated solutions that comprise IDT biometric ... solutions provide IdentyTech,s customers with combined physical identification ... crime and theft. "We are proud ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... The report forecasts the global military biometrics market to grow at ... report has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs ... prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017  Market Research Future has a ... Market for Liquid Biopsy is growing rapidly and expected to reach ... Market Highlights ... The Global Liquid Biopsy Market has been assessed as a swiftly ... figures and boom in the coming future. There has been a ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets ... the addition of the "Implantable Biomaterials Market Analysis ... report to their offering. Report Highlights: ... on current and future market trends to identify the investment opportunities ... base numbers Key market trends across the business segments, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Md. and GAITHERSBURG, Md. ... (NYSE MKT: PIP) and Altimmune, Inc., a privately-held ... signing of a definitive agreement for the merger ... Altimmune,s current investors include Novartis Venture Fund, HealthCap, ... will be a fully-integrated and diversified immunotherapeutics company ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) ... Sharing Policy. Specifically, the nation’s leading informatics experts, said data sharing plans should ... AMIA recommended that NIH earmark funding for researchers to produce and execute data ...
Breaking Biology Technology: