Navigation Links
New breast cancer stem cell findings explain how cancer spreads
Date:1/14/2014

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Breast cancer stem cells exist in two different states and each state plays a role in how cancer spreads, according to an international collaboration of researchers. Their finding sheds new light on the process that makes cancer a deadly disease.

"The lethal part of cancer is its metastasis so understanding how metastasis occurs is critical," says senior study author Max S. Wicha, M.D., Distinguished Professor of Oncology and director of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. "We have evidence that cancer stem cells are responsible for metastasis they are the seeds that mediate cancer's spread. Now we've discovered how the stem cells do this."

First, on the outside of the tumor, a type of stem cell exists in a state called the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) state. These stem cells appear dormant but are very invasive and able to get into the bloodstream, where they travel to distant parts of the body.

Once there, the stem cells transition to a second state that displays the opposite characteristics, called the mesenchymal-epithelial transition state (MET). These cells are capable of growing and making copies of themselves, producing new tumors.

"You need both forms of cancer stem cells to metastasize and grow in distant organs. If the stem cell is locked in one or the other state, it can't form a metastasis," Wicha says.

The findings, which are published in the January issue of Stem Cell Reports, raise a number of questions about how to treat or prevent metastatic breast cancer. Researchers must now understand whether new therapies must attack both forms of the stem cell to be successful. Different pathways regulate each type of stem cell, which suggests that effective therapies must be able to target multiple pathways.

In addition, current tests that look at tumor cells circulating in the blood to help determine whether the cancer is spreading do not appear to capture the EMT stem cells, which are the cancer cells that travel through the blood. U-M researchers are working with colleagues from the U-M College of Engineering to develop new tools to isolate the EMT stem cells from the blood of cancer patients.

"Now that we know we are looking at two different states of cancer stem cells, we can use markers that distinguish these states to get a better sense of where the cancer stem cells are and to determine the effectiveness of our treatments," Wicha says.

The study looked specifically at breast cancer stem cells but the researchers believe the findings likely have implications for other cancer types as well.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Novel noninvasive therapy prevents breast cancer formation in mice
2. Breast cancer patients experience fewer side effects from anticancer drug when receiving acupuncture
3. Role for sugar uptake in breast cancer revealed
4. Deep sequencing of breast cancer tumors to predict clinical outcomes after single dose of therapy
5. Cyclin D1 governs microRNA processing in breast cancer
6. High cholesterol fuels the growth and spread of breast cancer
7. LSUHSC research finds combo of plant nutrients kills breast cancer cells
8. Nanoparticles can overcome drug resistance in breast cancer cells
9. Breastfeeding as a possible deterrent to autism -- a clinical perspective
10. Study: Metformin for breast cancer less effective at higher glucose concentrations
11. Mutations in novel tumor suppressor gene associated with early onset breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New breast cancer stem cell findings explain how cancer spreads
(Date:3/31/2016)... 31, 2016   ... the "Company") LegacyXChange is excited to release ... soon to be launched online site for trading 100% ... ) will also provide potential shareholders a sense of ... to an industry that is notorious for fraud. The ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... 23, 2016 ... Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern     ... MESG ), ein führender Anbieter digitaler ... mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals dessen Biometrietechnologie ... die Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen mobiler Apps ...
(Date:3/21/2016)... 2016 Unique technology combines ... superior security   Xura, Inc. ... secure digital communications services, today announced it is working ... enterprise customers, particularly those in the Financial Services Sector, ... authentication within a mobile app, alongside, and in combination ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... pain medicine, is excited to announce the launch of the Proove Health ... studies, volunteerism, and education to promote the use of personalized medicine for tackling ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... , ... Intelligent Implant Systems announced today that the two-level components for the ... United States. These components expand the capabilities of the system and allow Revolution™ ... October of 2015, the company has seen significant sales growth in 1Q 2016, and ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Next week on May ... its first-in-class technologies for tissue stem cell counting and expansion to gene-editing scientists ... Reprogramming & CRISPR-based Genome Engineering in Burlington, Massachusetts. , The attention of most ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... ... The Pittcon Organizing Committee is pleased to announce that Charles “Chuck” Gardner was named ... 1987. Since then, he has served in a number of key leadership positions including ... program and exposition committees. In his professional career, Dr. Gardner is the director of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: