Navigation Links
New book, 'Untangling the Double Helix,' explores enzymes responsible for maintaining genome integrity
Date:4/15/2009

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. If it were not for a group of enzymes called topoisomerases, DNA would become a knotted, coiled, dysfunctional mess inside of a cell as it gets twisted, rolled, unzipped, and pulled by the cellular machinery that reads and copies its sequence. Topoisomerases, which are responsible for relieving this tension and maintaining the integrity of the genome, were first discovered in the 1970s by Harvard's Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology James C. Wang. Wang has written a book that discusses the history of topoisomerases, their mechanisms of action, and their use and potential as therapeutic targets. The book, entitled Untangling the Double Helix, has just been released by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

"The primary motivation for [writing this book] is that, despite the gradual recognition of the significance of the DNA entanglement problem in nearly all cellular transactions of DNA, and the finding that many antimicrobial and anticancer therapeutics target the DNA topoisomerases, few articles have been written for the general readership," wrote Wang. The book will appeal to those with a general interest in molecular biology, the biological and clinical aspects of topoisomerase function, or in the mathematics and physics of topology.

Wang starts with the history of the "insuperable" DNA entanglement problem and describes research that led to the discovery of the DNA topoisomerases. He details the mechanistic features of the different subfamilies of DNA topoisomerases, and explains how cutting-edge laboratory techniques are used to visualize individual enzymes in real time as they break and rejoin DNA molecules in a controlled manner.

Wang describes how topoisomerases perform their magic in DNA replication, transcription, genetic recombination, and chromosome condensation, and ends with a discussion of topoisomerases as targets of therapeutic agents, including antibiotics (such as Cipro) and anticancer drugs. Each of the ten chapters includes key references for those looking for a more comprehensive discussion of a specific topic.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ingrid Benirschke
benirsch@cshl.edu
619-275-6021
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Cells with double vision
2. Tree deaths have doubled across the western US
3. Researchers make breakthrough in the production of double-walled carbon nanotubes
4. Women double fruit, veggie intake with switch to Mediterranean diet plan
5. A double-barreled immune cell approach for neuroblastoma
6. Gaining too much weight during pregnancy nearly doubles risk of having a heavy baby
7. Depression during pregnancy can double risk of preterm delivery
8. Boffinry and Baftas: Brothers double doctorates
9. 55th anniversary of Nobel honoring double helix continues to overlook the late Rosalind Franklin
10. Popcorn-ball design doubles efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells
11. IEEE-USA commends president for asking Congress to double support for critical research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New book, 'Untangling the Double Helix,' explores enzymes responsible for maintaining genome integrity
(Date:3/11/2016)... PUNE, India , March 11, 2016 ... to a new market research report "Image Recognition Market ... by Application (Marketing and Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises ... Global Forecast To 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global ... in 2015 to USD 29.98 Billion by 2020, at ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... PALM BEACH GARDENS, Fla. , March 9, ... of identity management authentication and enrollment solutions, today ... proven DigitalPersona ® Altus multi-factor ... enable IT and InfoSec managers to step-up security ... friction.  Washington, DC ...
(Date:3/2/2016)... March 2, 2016 ... addition of the  "Global Biometrics Market in ... ,     (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769) , , Global biometrics ... at a CAGR of around 27%   ... has announced the addition of the  "Global ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... MA (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... that facilitates accessibility to unique bioresearch materials from laboratories across the globe, today ... researchers scramble to increase the pace of research toward treatment and prevention measures ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... fertility clinics and IVF laboratories. A contingency of reproductive endocrinologists, including Dr. ... and women experiencing infertility and to help them build families. , Ovation Fertility ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... , ... The MIT bioLogic design team has won multiple A' Design ... can be applied to fabric and formed into living interfaces between body and environment. ... change. The team harvested Natto cells and applied them to fabric with custom 3D ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Summit ... (NSCF) to support the development of a patient-specific stem cell therapy for the treatment ... the lab of Dr. Jeanne Loring at The Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: