Navigation Links
New approach needed to prevent major 'systemic failures'
Date:1/31/2011

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - A Purdue University researcher is proposing development of a new cross-disciplinary approach for analyzing and preventing systemic failures in complex systems that play a role in calamities ranging from huge power blackouts to the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster and the subprime mortgage crisis.

"The striking similarities in such catastrophes necessitates a broader perspective to better understand such failures," said Venkat Venkatasubramanian, a professor of chemical engineering. "In the history of systemic failures, a few disasters have served as wake-up calls. The Flixborough chemical plant accident in the United Kingdom in 1974, where a Nypro UK plant explosion killed 26 people, was one such call."

Other such major catastrophes, he said, include a 1984 Union Carbide accident in Bhopal, India, which killed more than 2,000 and injured more than 100,000, and the 1988 failure of an oil platform operated by Occidental Petroleum in the North Sea, which resulted in 167 deaths and about $2 billion in losses.

"Such systemic failures are not limited to the chemical and petrochemical industries," Venkatasubramanian said. "The Northeast electrical power blackout in 2003 and a recent massive recall of drug products are both systemic failures. Financial disasters such as Enron, WorldCom, the subprime mortgage derivatives crisis and the Madoff Ponzi scam also belong to the same class."

The need for a new cross-disciplinary framework to address such systemic failures was introduced in an article appearing in the January 2011 issue of the AIChE Journal.

"We must study all disasters from a common systems engineering perspective so that one can thoroughly understand the commonalities as well as the differences in order to better design and control such systems in the future," Venkatasubramanian said. "There is an important role for universities here, as well, in creating and disseminating knowledge
'/>"/>

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Evolution: A Developmental Approach
2. Wheat resistance genes failing, new approach needed to stop flies
3. Study of nutrition, Alzheimers links hampered by research approach
4. SomaLogic researchers describe revolutionary new approach to protein analysis and application to early diagnosis of lung cancer
5. Symposium in Vietnam to discuss integrated approach to defeating diarrheal disease
6. Scientists describe new approach for identifying genetic markers for common diseases
7. New approaches to skin cancer prevention
8. New approach to underweight COPD patients
9. Climate change forcing a move it or lose it approach to species conservation?
10. RD114 envelope proteins provide an effective and versatile approach to pseudotype lentiviral vectors
11. Simple approach could clean up oil remaining from Exxon Valdez spill
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/22/2014)... In 2015, American consumers will finally be able to ... Although touted as zero-emissions vehicles, most of the cars ... fossil fuel that contributes to global warming. , Now ... device that uses an ordinary AAA battery to produce ... electric current through two electrodes that split liquid water ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... A new study of American singles found that ... the highest orgasm rates. On average, men experience ... sexual orientation making little difference. For women, however, ... experience orgasm 62.9 percent of the time during ... pattern varies with women,s sexual orientation, with lesbian ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... skin fungus linked to dandruff, eczema and other itchy, ... even further global reachesincluding Hawaiian coral reefs and the ... , A review in the scientific journal PLOS ... the fungi of the genus Malassezia in ... datasets from around the world. , University of Hawai,i ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Stanford scientists develop a water splitter that runs on an ordinary AAA battery 2Stanford scientists develop a water splitter that runs on an ordinary AAA battery 3Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 2Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 3Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 4From dandruff to deep sea vents, an ecologically hyper-diverse fungus 2
... entities conducting research in synthetic biology worldwide grew significantly ... of an interactive map produced by the Synthetic Biology ... The map is available online at http://www.synbioproject.org/map . ... the design and construction of new biological parts and ...
... Centers for Disease Control, about one in six Americans gets ... of raw oysters in the U.S. are estimated to cost ... of health risk from eating raw oysters, Texas A&M University ... scientist Dr. Suresh Pillai and a team of researchers from ...
... 2013 Signal Hill, CA Bowman Design Group, an ... exhibits, and event marketing, is the first and only ... certification from FAMAB, the German exhibition and events industry ... established that the company met or exceeded goals set ...
Cached Biology News:Synthetic biology research community grows significantly 2Electron-beam pasteurization of raw oysters may reduce viral food poisoning 2Electron-beam pasteurization of raw oysters may reduce viral food poisoning 3Bowman Design Group is first US company awarded German FAMAB 'Sustainable Company' certification 2
(Date:8/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Research and Markets ... Biology Enzymes, Kits, & Reagents (Cloning, Epigenetics, PCR, Restriction ... to their offering. The global molecular ... 2013, and is expected to grow at a CAGR ... biology enzymes, kits, & reagents find applications in a ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... , Aug. 21, 2014  BioSpecifics Technologies ... company developing first in class collagenase-based products marketed ... CCH) in the U.S. and XIAPEX ® ... results from a randomized, double-blind Phase 2a study ... or edematous fibrosclerotic panniculopathy. The results showed that ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... , August 21, 2014 ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/3zh3q8/global_hormone ) has announced the addition of ...  report to their offering.       ... as hormone therapy, is a means of ... produced by the body. This type of ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... , Aug. 21, 2014 Mathematic studies at the ... University , and funded by the Jeffrey Epstein VI ... tumors can be visually identified for elimination. These aggressive cells ... study, which shows a topological map of what to look ... cancer research, for while tumor cells can be extracted from ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Molecular Biology Enzymes, Kits, & Reagents (Cloning, Epigenetics, PCR, Restriction Digestion, Sequencing) Market - Forecast to 2018 2Global Molecular Biology Enzymes, Kits, & Reagents (Cloning, Epigenetics, PCR, Restriction Digestion, Sequencing) Market - Forecast to 2018 3BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 2BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 3BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 4BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Positive Data from Phase 2a Study of CCH for Treatment of Cellulite 5Global Hormone Replacement Therapy Market 2014-2018: Key Vendors are Actavis, Bayer, Merck & Co, Novartis and Novo Nordisk 2Science Power Jeffrey Epstein and Harvard University Fund Project to Visually Stop Tumor Growth 2
... GeoPharma, Inc. (Nasdaq:,GORX) (the "Company") announced today in an ... audience as possible it has placed both of the ... at, http://www.GeoPharmainc.com under the "Analyst Coverage" tab in ... publicly several times in,the next few months., In ...
... Rigel,Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: RIGL ) today announced that ... is scheduled to present,a company overview at the BIO ... February 11 at 11:45 a.m. EST., To access ... on to http://www.rigel.com . Please connect to Rigel,s ...
... Feb. 6 Cell Therapeutics, Inc. (CTI),(Nasdaq: CTIC ; MTAX) management will ... at 1:15 PM in the West Foyer,of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel., The presentation ... The webcast can be accessed at, http://www.cticseattle.com ., , ... BIO CEO & Investor Conference ...
Cached Biology Technology:Recent Research Reports and Near-Term Corporate Events 2Recent Research Reports and Near-Term Corporate Events 3
... Time- and temperature-controlled microwave oven ... and Antigen Retrieval of formalin-fixed, ... ease of use, high throughput ... high performance. When used in ...
... reagents and supplies, for 10 chips, ... to perform protein analysis with 10 ... system. Supplied are 3 x 520 ... stain, 60 microliters Pro260 ladder (10-260 ...
...
... submicron range are part of your production ... of particle size is important to you. ... detect the component populations in your sample ... Analyzer uses Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS) , ...
Biology Products: