Navigation Links
Nature: Microscope looks into cells of living fish
Date:5/16/2012

This release is available in German.

Microscopes provide valuable insights in the structure and dynamics of cells, in particular when the latter remain in their natural environment. However, this is very difficult especially for higher organisms. Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, and the American National Institutes of Health (NIH) have now developed a new method to visualize cell structures of an eighth of a micrometer in size in living fish larvae. It is published in the Nature Methods magazine (DOI:10.1038/nmeth.2025). "The zebrafish is perfectly suited for genetic studies of cells, as its larvae are completely transparent," explains Marina Mione, KIT. To visualize certain structures, these are colored mostly by genetic engineering methods using a fluorescent dye. Mione studied parts of the cellular skeleton of fish, the so-called microtubuli. The thread-shaped microtubuli have a length of about 100 m and a diameter of about 20 nm, corresponding to a hundred thousandth of a human hair. "Microtubuli exist everywhere in the cell and are required for its division and motion."

In the new microscopy method, the object is not illuminated completely, but only at a certain spot with special light. Scattered light is minimized and the illuminated detail is represented sharply. A series of images taken at variable illumination is then processed by a computer. In this way, an overall image is obtained. Smart illumination even allows to adjust the depth of field, to image various depth levels, and to combine them into a three-dimensional image on the computer. "Meanwhile, it is possible to reach resolutions of 145 nm in the plane and 400 nm in-between," says Marina Mione. The images are taken within a few seconds, such that movement of the cells does not cause any unsharpness.

Based on a series of images, videos of the movement of the microtubuli are obtained. In the experiment, it was observed over a period of 60 minutes how the early stage of the fish's lateral line develops about 45 m below the skin of the fish. Via this organ, the fish perceives movement stimuli in water. Such images of living organisms also provide valuable findings regarding the development of vertebrates on the cellular level.

The tropical zebrafish living in freshwater has several advantages as a genetic model organism. It is sufficiently small for easy cultivation and large enough to easily distinguish individual organs. It has a short generation cycle and produces many offsprings. As a vertebrate, it has a number of microbiological properties in common with human beings.


'/>"/>

Contact: Monika Landgraf
presse@kit.edu
49-721-608-47414
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Changing the course of nature: Are fisheries directing the evolution of fish populations?
2. Commentary in Nature: Can economy bear what oil prices have in store?
3. Nature: Video reveals wave character of particles
4. Microscope reveals how bacteria breathe toxic metals
5. Computational microscope peers into the working ribosome
6. Compact microscope a marvel
7. New microscope reveals ultrastructure of cells
8. International conference puts food safety under the microscope
9. New microscope decodes complex eye circuitry
10. Brandeis researchers use lasers, custom microscope to show gene splicing process in real time
11. Big size multitouch display turned into a microscope
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Nature: Microscope looks into cells of living fish
(Date:4/17/2017)... 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday ... ... available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website at ... website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , Apr. 11, 2017 Research and ... Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at a ... report, Global Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on ... covers the market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell Science ... a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into the ... the first application of deep learning to create predictive ... lines and a growing suite of powerful tools. The ... and future publicly available resources created and shared by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... The Academy of Model Aeronautics (AMA), ... Association (UAA), the unifying voice for collegiate aviation education, are launching a joint ... and success through a STEM-based education platform. , Much like the program currently ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... taking over the allergy specialists DST Diagnostische Systeme & Technologien GmbH, thereby expanding ... know someone who suffers from hay fever, urticaria, asthma, atopic eczema or a ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2017 , ... The ... It took 20 years until the first data on cross-contamination of human cell lines ... has been an increasing issue in cell culture labs and is associated with dramatic ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... Biologist Dawn Maslar MS has ... her latest book, Men Chase, Women Choose: The Neuroscience of Meeting, Dating, Losing Your ... physiological effect on men. ”The logical next step, in my estimation, was to scientifically ...
Breaking Biology Technology: