Navigation Links
National study finds strong link between diabetes and air pollution
Date:9/29/2010

Boston, Mass. -- A national epidemiologic study finds a strong, consistent correlation between adult diabetes and particulate air pollution that persists after adjustment for other risk factors like obesity and ethnicity, report researchers from Children's Hospital Boston. The relationship was seen even at exposure levels below the current EPA safety limit.

The report, published in the October issue of Diabetes Care, is among the first large-scale population-based studies to link diabetes prevalence with air pollution. It is consistent with prior laboratory studies finding an increase in insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes, in obese mice exposed to particulates, and an increase in markers of inflammation (which may contribute to insulin resistance) in both the mice and obese diabetic patients after particulate exposure.

Like the laboratory studies, the current study focused on fine particulates of 0.1-2.5 nanometers in size (known as PM2.5), a main component of haze, smoke and motor vehicle exhaust. The investigators, led by John Pearson and John Brownstein, PhD, of the Children's Hospital Informatics Program, obtained county-by-county data on PM2.5 pollution from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), covering every county in the contiguous United States for 2004 and 2005.

They then combined the EPA data with data from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the U.S. Census to ascertain the prevalence of adult diabetes and to adjust for known diabetes risk factors, including obesity, exercise, geographic latitude, ethnicity and population density (a measure of urbanization).

"We wanted to do everything possible to reduce confounding and ensure the validity of our findings," says Pearson, the study's first author.

In all analyses, there was a strong and consistent association between diabetes prevalence and PM2.5 concentrations. For every 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 exposure, there was a 1
'/>"/>

Contact: Keri Stedman
keri.stedman@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Children's Hospital Boston
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Pharmaceutical sciences experts present cutting-edge research at international meeting
2. John P. Holdren addresses climate change, stressing need for international cooperation
3. International scientific forum on alcohol research
4. Stem Cells and International Stem Cell Symposium present annual stem cells award
5. Obama to appoint ASU professor to national committee
6. Professor Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi of INRS wins major international award
7. National study: Abortion does not cause depression or low self-esteem in adolescents
8. UofL researcher receives grant from the National Science Foundation
9. MARC Travel Awards announced: The 2010 Società Italiana di Patologia XXX National Congress
10. UC Riverside is platinum sponsor of national conference attracting high-achieving minority students
11. French national research agency funds PREDIMOL project
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/28/2014)... at the University of Minnesota have developed an animal ... used for muscle regeneration research as well as studies ... The research is published in the current edition of ... no treatment for FSHD, which is thought by many ... FSHD is an unusual genetic disorder because, unlike most ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... compounds that could positively impact the global ... possible, thanks to researchers in Penn State,s ... suppository made from the seaweed-derived food ingredient ... Tenofovir provides a woman-initiated, drug-delivery vehicle that ... transmitted infections during unprotected heterosexual intercourse, the ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... new roads will be built worldwide by 2050. Many ... where they bring an influx of destructive loggers, hunters ... has created a ,global roadmap, for prioritising road building ... demands of development and environmental protection. , The map ... natural importance of ecosystems and a ,road-benefits, layer that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UMN researchers find animal model for understudied type of muscular dystrophy 2Sensory-tested drug-delivery vehicle could limit spread of HIV, AIDS 2Sensory-tested drug-delivery vehicle could limit spread of HIV, AIDS 3Study shows where on the planet new roads should and should not go 2Study shows where on the planet new roads should and should not go 3
... Hamilton, Nov. 11, 2013 Researchers at McMaster University have ... and it may serve as a way to measure injury. ... muscle damage biomarker," said Thomas Hawke, principal investigator and an ... at McMaster. "Regardless of the way in which ...
... after giving birth plays a big factor in the quantity and ... University of Missouri have found that subclinical hypocalcemia, which is the ... occurs in many cows after giving birth, is related to higher ... the MU College of Veterinary Medicine, says these higher levels of ...
... his sons less sensitive to the drug and thereby more ... animal study presented by Penn Medicine researchers at Neuroscience 2013, ... The study, led by Mathieu Wimmer, PhD, a post-doctoral researcher ... of Neuroscience in Psychiatry at the Perelman School of Medicine ...
Cached Biology News:Low levels of blood calcium in dairy cows may affect cow health and productivity, MU study finds 2Sons of cocaine-using fathers may resist addiction to drug, Penn Medicine study suggests 2
(Date:8/29/2014)... Due to a misstatement posted by the ... Cell Technology Center, LLC ( ASCTC ) was reported as ... that might benefit ALS patients. Because of ASCTC's exclusive ... technologies and therapeutic applications, FRC listed ASCTC as one of ... who wish not to support research that requires the death ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014 Best Sanitizers, Inc., a ... food processing industry, is asking industry professionals to prepare ... of the E2 soap they’re currently using to the ... . Hand hygiene is critical to fighting cross-contamination ... environment. Six key criteria are identified to evaluate the ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... devices in spintronics, an electronic which is not ... also on their spin and the spin-related magnetism. ... magnetic signals and vice versa. Recently, the research ... of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in ... Japan, has for the first time realised a ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... SunTrust Robinson Humphrey (STRH) today announced the ... research team in biotechnology and oilfield services.  ... demonstrates our commitment to providing our valued institutional ... decision making," said Biff Woodruff , Head ... significant investments in differentiated content at a time ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Declines ALS Ice Bucket Challenge Donors Wishing to Support Ethical Research for New Stem Cell Therapies 2The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Declines ALS Ice Bucket Challenge Donors Wishing to Support Ethical Research for New Stem Cell Therapies 3Best Sanitizers, Inc. Asks Food Industry Professionals: With Fall Harvest On the Way, Is Your E2 Hand Soap Up to the Task? 2A new, tunable device for spintronics 2A new, tunable device for spintronics 3SunTrust Robinson Humphrey Expands Equity Research in Healthcare and Energy 2SunTrust Robinson Humphrey Expands Equity Research in Healthcare and Energy 3
Mouse monoclonal [AZ24] to Polo like kinase ( Abpromise for all tested applications)....
... brings together two mature, well-understood technologies: ... surfaces. This combination produces a sensitive ... detection of molecular binding events without ... Protein-specific capture molecules are immobilized on ...
... LabWorks Software provides a comprehensive experiment based ... drop down menus yet sophisticated and powerful ... dozens of CCD cameras for easy image ... , Automated Digital Video Playback ...
RABBIT ANTI HUMAN ALPHA-2-ANTIPLASMIN...
Biology Products: