Navigation Links
National Science Foundation awards $1 million to improve the efficiency of DNA fabrication
Date:7/26/2012

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a three-year $999,531 grant to Virginia Tech to optimize the laboratory processes used to make custom DNA molecules with the tools and methods of industrial engineering. The interdisciplinary team led by Jean Peccoud, Associate Professor at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute also includes Kimberly Ellis and Jaime Camelio, Associate Professors in the Grado Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, at Virginia Tech.

The concept of DNA fabrication has its roots in synthetic biology, an emerging area of biological research that applies engineering methods to design, build, and characterize artificial biological systems that meet user-defined specifications. DNA fabrication combines natural and chemically synthetized DNA fragments together in order to make larger DNA molecules that conform to computer-designed sequences.

DNA fabrication includes gene synthesis, the process of assembling chemically synthesized oligonucleotides into double-stranded DNA fragments. It also includes more traditional activities such as the development of mutant collections or libraries of plasmid expressing families of proteins. In this broad perspective, most biologists practice DNA fabrication, although they are more likely to call it molecular biology or genetic engineering.

"The reward of this project is a much-needed increase in productivity of the life science research enterprise. Our national R&D infrastructure needs to be more fiscally responsible in these times of constrained budgets. In order to enhance U.S. competitiveness, it is necessary to find ways of producing more data, more discoveries, and more applications with stable or shrinking resources," said Peccoud. "We are proposing a change of paradigm in laboratory management that will enable American biotechnology companies to create manufacturing jobs for people who did not have a chance to receive a college education."

DNA fabrication projects rely on low-cost instruments and laboratory infrastructure commonly available to life scientists. Unfortunately, the lack of a suitable framework to analyze DNA fabrication now limits its effectiveness. "The process of assembling a DNA molecule corresponding to a user-defined sequence is similar to the process of making a mechanical part that requires casting, turning, and milling operations based on CAD drawings provided by a customer," said Ellis, Site Director for the Center for Excellence in Logistics and Distribution. "DNA fabrication processes are similar to complex job shops producing customized products for specific customers in a variety of production volumes."

"This project will provide unique cross-training opportunities in biology and engineering for undergraduate students, graduate students, and post-doctoral fellows," said Camelio, Director of the Virginia Tech Graduate Program in Industrial and Systems Engineering. "It will give industrial engineering students an opportunity to explore a new frontier. Life science students will gain exposure to management techniques that will help them streamline the operation of their labs in academia or industry after they graduate."


'/>"/>
Contact: Aleta Todd Delaplane
aleta9@vbi.vt.edu
540-231-6966
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. International regulation curbs illegal trade of caviar
2. The International Society for Advancement of Cytometry presented its 2012 awards at CYTO 2012
3. International congress on behavior, animal husbandry and animal well-being in Vienna
4. Rice receives $1 million INSPIRE award from National Science Foundation
5. 500 international cloud researchers meet in Leipzig
6. Story tips from the Department of Energys Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2012
7. Elsevier launches International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
8. Israel to set up National Center for Mediterranean Sea Research, headed by U of Haifa
9. WALTHAM® demonstrates commitment to scientific dialogue and exchange at international human animal interaction conference
10. Nitrogen pollution changing Rocky Mountain National Park vegetation, says CU-Boulder-led study
11. 12th International Coral Reef Symposium
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
National Science Foundation awards $1 million to improve the efficiency of DNA fabrication
(Date:3/22/2016)... March 22, 2016 ... Sensors Market for Consumer Industry by Type (Image, ... Application (Communication & IT, Entertainment, Home Appliances, ... Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... to reach USD 26.76 Billion by 2022, ...
(Date:3/21/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... recognition with passcodes for superior security   ... a leading provider of secure digital communications services, today ... biometric technology and offer enterprise customers, particularly those in ... facial recognition and voice authentication within a mobile app, ...
(Date:3/17/2016)... 2016 ABI Research, the leader in ... biometrics market will reach more than $30 billion ... 2015. Consumer electronics, particularly smartphones, continue to boost ... to reach two billion shipments by 2021 at ... , Research Analyst at ABI Research. "Surveillance is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... , ... May 02, 2016 , ... ... its clients in mind, the fresh look and added functionality give the agricultural ... years have seen a dynamic shift in agriculture – from precision farming via ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... medical devices used in spinal surgical procedures, today announced the completion of a ... value proposition for current and future customers and partners. Kohlberg & Company, ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... -- Elekta is pleased to announce that ... treatment planning software, is available for clinical release. Real-world ... version 5.11 provides significant performance speed enhancements over prior ... four times faster than in previous versions of ... Monte Carlo algorithm, users can ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... QuickSTAT has made significant investments in recruiting top industry experts, and expanding its ... Platform, which provides industry-leading tools for clients to manage their clinical trial projects. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: