Navigation Links
National Institutes of Health to fund research probing proteins linked to cancer, diabetes
Date:6/20/2013

Researchers from the Polytechnic Institute of New York University (NYU-Poly) and NYU have received a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to further a novel approach to understanding the genetic underpinnings of diseases including cancer and diabetes.

Jin Kim Montclare, associate professor of chemical and molecular engineering at NYU-Poly, and Yingkai Zhang, associate professor of chemistry at NYU, have teamed to study the functioning of one of the key proteins in human DNA, called histone. Histones are scaffolding proteins that organize DNA within the cell nucleus, and they are subject to modifications by enzymes that affect gene expression, both in health and disease.

Zhang and Montclare are combining their expertise in computational chemistry and protein engineering, respectively, to shed new light on one of the key enzymes that modify histones, histone acetyltransferases (HATs).

"HATs play an essential role in gene regulation, and while we know that aberrant or mutated HATs are associated with diseases like cancer and diabetes, we don't understand their precise catalytic mechanisms," explained Montclare. "If we can understand the processes by which these proteins can modify histones and how mutations can lead to disease, we move closer to creating targeted therapies to prevent or reverse these changes."

The researchers' collaborative approach is unique, and has not been explored for HATs. Zhang will create a computational study of the mechanics of HATs, offering what may be the most detailed picture of their workings. This sets the stage for Montclare's work, of engineering and testing the HATs and designed variants for reactivity on histones.

"Bringing computational powers to bear on these processes will not only elucidate the underpinnings of the enzymes as they exist now, but will allow us to run simulations to test the impact of modifications and therapies to reverse the kinds of changes linked to disease," Zhang said.

The National Institutes of Health grant will provide $1.2 million over four years.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
hamilton@poly.edu
718-260-3792
Polytechnic Institute of New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. PETA International Science Consortium disappointed in denial of Dow appeal
2. First international collaboration to showcase latest body of evidence of dairy health benefits
3. SPIE on global team proposing International Year of Light at United Nations
4. CLEO: 2013 -- the Premier International Laser and Electro-Optics Event in San Jose next week
5. The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina makes recommendations for the G8 summit
6. CARE Pharmacies Joins National Association of Specialty Pharmacy (NASP) as a Founding Corporate Member
7. Save the date: American Chemical Society National Meeting, Sept. 8-12, 2013, in Indianapolis
8. 2 UCLA faculty elected to National Academy of Sciences
9. Ophthalmologist Inventors of Human Identification Technology Inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame
10. New National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees received vital NSF support
11. Freeman elected to National Academy of Science
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... BANGALORE, India , April 28, 2016 ... subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ), and Samsung ... global partnership that will provide end customers with a ... and payment services.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130122/589162 ... for financial services, but it also plays a fundamental part ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , April 28, 2016 ... 1,491.2 M (139.9), up 966% compared with the first quarter of ... Operating profit totaled SEK 589.1 M (loss: 18.8) and the operating ... SEK 7.12 (loss: 0.32) Cash flow from operations was ... , The 2016 revenue guidance is unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... LONDON , April 26, 2016 ... a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... to integrate the Onegini mobile security platform with ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ) The integration will ... to access and transact across channels. Using this ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... mobile devices with fingerprint recognition for secure access, voice recognition for hands-free communication, ... ways consumers are interacting with biometrics technology today. But if they asked ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... SILVER SPRING, Md. and RESEARCH ... -- United Therapeutics Corporation (NASDAQ: UTHR ) announced ... Co-Chief Executive Officer, of United Therapeutics will provide an ... Deutsche Bank 41 st Annual Health Care Conference. ... May 5, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time, and ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... has joined the company as an Expert Consultant. Mr. Clark was formerly ... and managing the development of small molecule monographs based on analytical methods. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... A compact PET scanner called NuPETâ„¢ has ... Resonance Imaging) in existing third-party MRI systems. PET and MRI are complementary imaging ... Simultaneous PET/MRI imaging offers a solution to many challenges that face researchers who ...
Breaking Biology Technology: