Navigation Links
Nanoparticle scientist speaks on new discoveries at Goldschmidt Conference
Date:6/15/2010

KNOXVILLE -- Scientists who work at the atomic and molecular levels nanoscale have to think big. After all, it is at this level where everything happens.

Alexandra Navrotsky, Distinguished Professor at the University of California, Davis, and Director of its Nanomaterials in the Environment, Agriculture, and Technology Organized Research Unit, has studied the properties of nanoparticles throughout her career. She presented her findings today in Knoxville, Tenn., at the Goldschmidt Conference, hosted by the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

"Nanoparticles are everywhere. You eat them, drink them, breathe them, pay to have them, and pay even more to get rid of them," Navrotsky said. Nanomaterials science deals with particles that are about one billionth of a meter long.

During the conference, Navrotsky spoke on recent discoveries she and Ph.D. student Chengcheng Ma made on the thermodynamic properties of transition metal oxides such as insulators and superconductors.

Navrotsky's research group found that the thermodynamic driving force -- the energy needed for oxidized reactions -- depends strongly on particle size. The ease with which these materials change their oxidation state is important in all kinds of applications, for example, the catalytic splitting of water for the production of hydrogen and oxygen, the metabolism of microorganisms and the evolution of mineral deposits.

Since chemical and biological reactions occur on the surface of a particle, these activities are enhanced at the nanoparticle scale. An understanding of the way nanoparticles react under certain temperatures and other conditions can be applied to many areas of science, including communication technology; agricultural technology; environmental remediation; interactions in the oceans, atmosphere, and biosphere; and biotechnology for medicine and health.

For example, the thermodynamics at the nanoscale in a battery affects its voltage output, so understanding this principle can help scientists make a more efficient battery.


'/>"/>

Contact: Whitney Holmes
wholmes7@utk.edu
865-974-5460
University of Tennessee at Knoxville
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Instant acid method offers new insight into nanoparticle dispersal in the environment and the body
2. NIST scientists gain new core understanding of nanoparticles
3. Antibacterial silver nanoparticles are a blast
4. U Alberta-led team studies T cell activation with nanoparticles
5. New method for recovering pricey nanoparticles
6. Researchers use novel nanoparticle vaccine to cure type 1 diabetes in mice
7. Caltech-led team provides proof in humans of RNA interference using targeted nanoparticles
8. Engineers: Weak laser can ignite nanoparticles, with exciting possibilities
9. Like little golden assassins, smart nanoparticles identify, target and kill cancer cells
10. Atmospheric nanoparticles impact health, weather professor says
11. Silver nanoparticles may one day be key to devices that keep hearts beating strong and steady
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/26/2017)... , Feb. 25, 2017  Securus Technologies, a ... solutions for public safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, ... and Reentry. "Too often, too many ... and county jails are trying to tackle this ... and friends and family members. While significant steps are ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... LONDON , February 21, 2017 ... um 70 Millionen US-Dollar wachsen. Nach einem Gespräch mit mehr ... es einige Hindernisse zu überwinden gilt, um diese Prognose ... ... unter anderem die Mobilisierung der finanziellen Mittel für die ...
(Date:2/13/2017)... , Feb. 13, 2017 Former 9/11 Commission ... Judiciary Committee, Janice Kephart of Identity Strategy ... Donald Trump,s "Executive Order: Protecting the Nation ... 27, 2017):  "As President Trump,s ,Travel Ban, ... has now essentially banned the travel ban, it is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... (TDR) procedures can be safely completed in an ambulatory surgery center (ASC) with ... (ACDF) procedures and previous two-year TDR studies. , Jake Lubinski, president of ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... Chef Jodi Abel has returned from her ... several cities, she gained a number of delicious recipes and new techniques to share ... South Africa’s Western Cape province. It is internationally renowned for its incredible wine ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 2017  Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: AEMD ... Chairman and CEO, Jim Joyce . ... last Saturday, Bill Gates warned world leaders ... than nuclear weapons. Mr. Gates expressed his concern, which ... that scientific terrorists have access to the necessary tools ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 2017  Driven by consumers, preference towards more ... fastest growing categories, finds the recently published U.S. ... Care: Multi-regional Market Analysis and Opportunities study ... Kline. "Biotechnology actives are derived from ... effective for skin and hair care applications," explains ...
Breaking Biology Technology: