Navigation Links
NYU biologist Bonneau named among 20 "visionary" scientists under 40 by Discover magazine
Date:11/13/2008

New York University Biologist Richard Bonneau has been named one of 20 "visionary" scientists under the age of 40 by Discover magazine. Bonneau, 33, is an assistant professor who holds appointments at NYU's Center for Genomics and Systems Biology and the university's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. The story, "Best Brains in Science 2008," appears in Discover's December issue.

Bonneau's work falls within a new scientific field, systems biology, which examines how genes influence each other via extremely large networks of interaction and how these networks respond to stimuli, adapting over time to new environments and cell states. The field has blossomed over the past 10 years, spurred by successful mapping of genomic systems.

Bonneau and his colleagues at the Institute for Systems Biology in Seattle have created models that map the control circuit governing living organisms. This is an important milestone in systems biology because it allows researchers to model how the organism adapts over time in response to its environment. Their research has examined a little studied organism, Halobacterium, which can survive high salt, radiation, and other stresses that would be deadly to most other organisms. The work goes beyond previous scholarship and accurately models how Halobacterium functions over time and responds to changing environmental conditions. The researchers are, for the first time, able to predict how over 80 percent of the total genome (several thousand genes) responded to stimuli over time, dynamically rearranging the cell's makeup to meet environmental stresses.

Bonneau notes that by understanding how biological systems function, researchers can then turn their attention to engineering the biosynthesis of biofuels and pharmaceuticals.

"We are now gearing up to try this sort of analysis on several other organisms," he noted. "In addition, because this study examined the dynamics of a key environmental microbe it offers a window into understanding life in extreme environments, in some cases created by human activities, such as the concentration of pollution by evaporation or high salt marine environments."

A combination of experimental and algorithmic advances, including some by Bonneau, in this area have shown that scientific knowledge can go from genome to a functional and dynamical draft-model of the whole organism in a relatively short time. Important previous studies in this area identified cell components (genome sequencing) and how cell components are connected.

Bonneau is also known for his contributions in the field of proteins structure prediction, and was among the early authors on the code that is the current state of the art in predicting and modeling protein three-dimensional shapes, Rosetta.


'/>"/>

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. The American Society of Plant Biologists announces 2007 awards
2. UCR plant cell biologist to study how plant stem cells maintain and change their identity
3. Biologists expose hidden costs of firefly flashes
4. Tufts University biologists link Huntingtons disease to health benefits in young
5. UC Riverside biologist receives prestigious MacArthur Fellowship
6. University biologist publishes book on bird speciation
7. UD plant biologists uncover top wetland plants hidden weapon
8. Evolution is deterministic, not random, biologists conclude from multi-species study
9. Biologists find unusual plant gene: abstinence by mutual consent
10. UAB microbiologist wins top Czech science honor
11. Ant parasite turns host into ripe red berry, biologists discover
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... N.Y. , June 23, 2017  IBM (NYSE: ... dairy research, today announced a new collaboration using next-generation ... chances that the global milk supply is impacted by ... Cornell University has become the newest academic institution to ... a food safety initiative that includes IBM Research, Mars, ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... , June 15, 2017  IBM (NYSE: IBM ) is ... tech event dedicated to developing collaboration between startups and global ... June 15-17. During the event, nine startups will showcase the ... in various industries. France ... international market, with a 30 percent increase in the number ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... Italy , May 23, 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym ... trunk, has been officially launched in Genoa, Italy . ... Europe and the USA . The technology ... on the market by the IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a ... the Multimedia News Release, please click: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Biova, LLC., the leader ... joined Biova’s Board of Directors. Dr. Henig will bring a wealth of scientific experience ... served as the Chief Technical and Scientific Officer of four major global companies in ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... the latest version of LimitLIS®, its rapidly growing Laboratory Information System. , LimitLIS® ... adoption, ensure installation integrity, and provide more customization options. Each of these has ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... Ken Hanson, ... president of Physik Instrumente USA, have been selected as this year’s recipients of two ... The two have been invited along with other honorees to accept their awards at ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... all six of their healthcare job boards. As the largest network of ... therapists, and biotechnicians, DocCafe.com and the MedJobCafe.com Health Network work to match ...
Breaking Biology Technology: