Navigation Links
NYU, American Museum of Natural History receive $1.6 million NSF grant
Date:9/3/2008

New York University and the American Museum of Natural History have received a $1.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation to explore plant evolution and to create a public database that provides information about the structure and inferred function of proteins found in two plant genomes. The three-year grant will allow the researchers at both institutions to investigate ground-breaking methods for exploring the evolution, structure, and function of proteomes-- the entire array of proteins expressed by a genome.

Richard Bonneau and Michael Purugganan, biologists from NYU's Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, along with Rod DeSalle, curator from the Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics at AMNH, will model species Arabidopsis thaliana (the most widely studied plant model system, and the first sequenced plant) and the rice plant Oryza sativa. For these species, the researchers will combine information about the structure of proteins with information about the evolution of those proteins. By mapping information about the evolutionary importance of parts of genes onto their predictions about how the proteins that are encoded by those genes fold into 3D shapes they hope to glean critical insights into what the many thousands of proteins in these genomes are actually doing. The work will result in a novel resource for other scientists working on several types of species.

The project will rely on bioinformaticsthe use of algorithms as well as computational and statistical techniques to conduct research in biologyin achieving these aims. It will be carried out on the World Community Grid (wcgrid.org), an-IBM backed computing platform composed of more than 400,000 volunteers from all over the world (anyone can volunteer by going to wcgrid.org and downloading the grid agent, which will then fold proteins when you are not using your computer). The grid employs an infrastructure developed by IBM and the contributions of its volunteer researchers to embark on genome-wide structure predictions in a cost effective way. NYU biologists, headed by Bonneau, who holds an appointment in NYU's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, have already obtained structure predictions for more than 150 genomes using the grid.

Proteins are synthesized in cells as long polymers that fold to form three-dimensional shapes critical for their function; knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of proteins can be crucial for inferring their specific function. The researchers will use multiple state-of-the-art methods for predicting protein structure from these protein sequences. These methods include "Rosetta," a computer program NYU researchers have previously used in predicting protein structure.

These methods will be especially useful for annotating the large fraction of proteins in plant genomes whose functions are currently unknown, the majority of which do not have any annotation of 3D folded structurethat is, no detectable similarity to another protein with a known structure. In this case annotating the proteins effectively means translating the gene sequence into predictions about the gene's function in the cell.

The project will be linked with a continuing education program for high school teachers at NYU's Steinhardt School for Culture, Education, and Human Development to train teachers how to incorporate bioinformatics into high school science curricula.


'/>"/>

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 27, 2008
2. Highlights from the September 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
3. Gene therapy anti-cancer research featured in Scientific American
4. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 13, 2008
5. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 6, 2008
6. Study helps pinpoint genetic variations in European Americans
7. Pictometry and First American Combine Accurate Parcel Addressing With 3-D Like Intelligent Images(TM)
8. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac -- July 30, 2008
9. Highlights from the August 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
10. Study suggests 86 percent of Americans could be overweight or obese by 2030
11. American Chemical Societys Weekly PressPac -- July 23, 2008
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/31/2016)... RATON, Florida , March 31, 2016 ... LEGX ) ("LegacyXChange" or the "Company") ... for potential users of its soon to be launched ... video ( https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyTLBzmZogV1y2D6bDkBX5g ) will also provide ... the use of DNA technology to an industry that ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... PUNE, India , March 22, 2016 ... new market research report "Electronic Sensors Market for ... Fingerprint, Proximity, & Others), Application (Communication & ... and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", ... consumer industry is expected to reach USD ...
(Date:3/17/2016)... ABI Research, the leader in transformative ... market will reach more than $30 billion by ... Consumer electronics, particularly smartphones, continue to boost the ... reach two billion shipments by 2021 at a ... Research Analyst at ABI Research. "Surveillance is also ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Morris ... open house for regional manufacturers at its Maple Grove, Minnesota technical center, May ... Group, Chiron and Trumpf. Almost 20 leading suppliers of tooling, accessories, software ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... April 27, 2016 NanoStruck ... (OTCPink: NSKQB) ( Frankfurt : 8NSK) ... Pressemitteilung vom 13. August 2015 die Genehmigung von ... um zusätzliche 200.000.000 Einheiten auf 400.000.000 Einheiten zu ... bringen. Davon wurden 157.900.000 Einheiten mit dem ersten ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... A ... (Positron Emission Tomography) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in existing third-party MRI systems. ... novel treatments in small animal subjects. Simultaneous PET/MRI imaging offers a solution to ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Cameron Cushman has joined ... in the firm’s Intellectual Property practice group. , Clients turn to Cushman for ... has an electrical engineering and computer engineering background, and experience in the medical ...
Breaking Biology Technology: