Navigation Links
NC State receives NSF grant to discover plant 'switchboards'
Date:9/2/2009

A new four-year, $3.72 million grant to North Carolina State University will allow researchers to shed light on an important mystery how genes impact the type and amount of "glue," known as lignin, produced in trees. Understanding the role of lignin, which binds fibers together to form wood, has significant implications in the production of paper products, biofuels and construction materials.

The National Science Foundation Plant Genome Research grant will spur the most comprehensive analysis of lignin regulation ever undertaken. By triggering genetic "on/off switches" in more than 10,000 trees, researchers will determine how each of the 33 lignin-producing genes impact the type and amount of lignin in wood of the model tree species, black cottonwood.

"Additional lignin creates an even stronger wood, so having lots of lignin can be advantageous in developing construction materials or wood-burning energy. To create products like paper or to produce bioethanol, however, lignin needs to be removed from wood," says Dr. Vincent Chiang, Jordan Family Distinguished Professor for Natural Resource Innovation, co-director of NC State's Forest Biotechnology Group and the study's principal investigator. "Removing lignin to make paper products is the basis of a $300 billion global industry, and the efficient conversion of plant biomass to ethanol is largely determined by the lignin.

"To produce bioethanol from wood, lignin needs to be broken down by expensive chemical pretreatment," Chiang continues. "When we reduce the lignin by modifying the genes, we can eliminate chemical pretreatment, which is typically 35 percent of the cost of producing ethanol from any lignin containing plant biomass."

To develop a more comprehensive understanding of the lignin biosynthesis pathway, researchers will eliminate each pathway gene, one at a time. Then the team will determine the role each gene plays in producing a specific type and amount of lignin
'/>"/>

Contact: Caroline M. Barnhill
caroline_barnhill@ncsu.edu
919-515-6251
North Carolina State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Obesity and the central nervous system -- the state of the art
2. University of Minnesota study refutes belief that black men have more aggressive prostate cancer
3. Iowa State University conference examines developing bioeconomy
4. University and state agencies to forecast local health effects of climate change
5. K-State Veterinary Lab routinely tests for bluetongue virus
6. New prostate cancer research findings
7. Iowa State professors genome research published in the latest issue of Science
8. Leading researchers to reveal comprehensive dos and donts for prostate cancer
9. K-State chemistry professor to receive Masao Horiba award
10. K-State sociologists use Department of Energy grant
11. NIH grants $33 M in institutional development awards to 3 states
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/30/2015)... , July 30, 2015 Cellecta, Inc., ... gene function analysis and biomarker discovery, announced the ... Knockout Library targeting all human protein coding genes. ... "knock out" a gene,s function. Cellecta,s new Human ... throughput screening tool so that researchers can investigate ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... , July 23, 2015 Research and ... of the "Global Outlook of the Biometrics ... The global biometrics market is ... and commercial applications owing to the uptake of ... a transformation that enhances the growth of biometrics ...
(Date:7/20/2015)... DENVER , July 20, 2015  Acuity ... Mobility Report: The Convergence of Commerce and Privacy" ... billion mobile biometric apps will be downloaded to ... users. The mobile biometrics market is projected to ... app revenue during the seven-year forecast period.    ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CELLECTA, INC. Announces Launch of Human Whole Genome CRISPR Knockout Library 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 3Biometrics on Smart Mobile Devices to Redefine Digital Identity with 12.9 Billion Biometric App Downloads between 2014 and 2020 2
... Following an agreement between ESA, Krunichev Space Centre and ... and a secondary payload, the technology demonstrator Proba-2 satellite, ... new November launch date follows a rescheduling of the ... Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite and the secondary ...
... heat shock protein 90 gets steroid receptors into shape ... to targeted therapies for hormone-driven cancers, such as breast ... of Georgia researchers say. "We are trying to ... conformation so they work," says Dr. Ahmed Chadli, biochemist ...
... In the fruit fly,s developing brain, stem cells called ... cell that has a different fate. But neuroblast growth can ... Researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore ... a counterpart in mammals, that can apparently prevent brain tumors ...
Cached Biology News:SMOS and Proba-2 launch rescheduled for November 2Targeting helpers of heat shock proteins could help treat cancer, cardiovascular disease 2Tumor suppressor gene in flies may provide insights for human brain tumors 2
(Date:7/29/2015)... , July 29, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the "Global ... their offering. The Global Biosimilars Market, ... of the rapidly growing biosimilars market. With the ... striving to minimize costs, biosimilars are being viewed ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... July 29, 2015  Therapath Neuropathology ( www.Therapath.com ... partnerships with VA and Military Medical centers both ... Density (ENFD) and Sweat Gland Nerve Fiber Density ... ( https://therapath.com/skin ). Demonstration of ... (ENFD) on punch skin biopsy is a highly ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... ... 29, 2015 , ... The third Medical Innovation Impact Index (MI3) Alert considers ... drug/device combinations. The current system received a score of 0 (range -10 to +10) ... (iPCI) of Fairleigh Dickinson University’s ( FDU ) Rothman Institute of Innovation and ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2015 , ... ... in the morning is quite normal. Although there are a considerable number of terms ... well understood that this post-sleep material is a mixture of mucus, blood cells, skin ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Biosimilars Market to 2025: Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs), Insulin, Interferons, G-CSF/ GM-CSF, Erythropoietins and Others 2Global Biosimilars Market to 2025: Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs), Insulin, Interferons, G-CSF/ GM-CSF, Erythropoietins and Others 3Neuropathology services for VA and Military health systems 2Third Medical Innovation Impact Index Issued by Fairleigh Dickinson University’s Initiative for Patient-Centered Innovation (iPCI) 2Third Medical Innovation Impact Index Issued by Fairleigh Dickinson University’s Initiative for Patient-Centered Innovation (iPCI) 3What Are ‘Eye Crusties’ Made Of? uBiome Invites Citizen Scientists to Find Out 2What Are ‘Eye Crusties’ Made Of? uBiome Invites Citizen Scientists to Find Out 3What Are ‘Eye Crusties’ Made Of? uBiome Invites Citizen Scientists to Find Out 4
... PARSIPPANY, N.J., Oct. 2 Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc.,an ... of a key senior executive to the company,s ... Vice President of Medical Education and,Scientific Affairs. Dr. ... held several senior management positions since 2001, most ...
... Matthew B. Wiener, PharmD, Chief,Executive Officer of Pharmatech, ... from the Colorado Cancer Coalition. The award is,being ... the Just-In-Time (JIT),enrollment methodology for cancer clinical trials. ... of October 6th, at the St. Mary,s Cancer ...
... of ... plasma-based product in China, TAIAN CITY, China, Oct. ... ("China Biologic" or the,"Company"), one of the leading plasma-based pharmaceutical ... on September 26,2008, the Company has agreed to acquire a ...
Cached Biology Technology:Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Adds Experienced Physician Dr. David St. Peter to Leadership Team 2Matthew B. Wiener, CEO of Pharmatech, Inc., Is Awarded the Cancer Leadership Award From the Colorado Cancer Coalition 2China Biologic Products Enters Into Agreement to Acquire 90% Controlling Interest in Chongqing Dalin Biologic Technologies Co., Ltd. 2China Biologic Products Enters Into Agreement to Acquire 90% Controlling Interest in Chongqing Dalin Biologic Technologies Co., Ltd. 3China Biologic Products Enters Into Agreement to Acquire 90% Controlling Interest in Chongqing Dalin Biologic Technologies Co., Ltd. 4China Biologic Products Enters Into Agreement to Acquire 90% Controlling Interest in Chongqing Dalin Biologic Technologies Co., Ltd. 5
The Holten mini vertical flow workbench provides a particle-free environment for sample protection against airborne contaminants....
...
... combine high durability and capacity with ... use. The patented triple-counterbalanced heavy-duty mechanism ... run at high speed with heavy, ... range is delivered with tight uniformity ...
The 891 45° Fixed Angle Rotor is designed to provide aerosol containment and can be removed from a centrifuge (seal entact) and opened under an environmental hood....
Biology Products: