Navigation Links
Multiple disease-related research gets green light from the NIH
Date:9/16/2008

Saranac Lake, N.Y. - Stephen Smiley, Ph.D., a member of the scientific faculty at the Trudeau Institute, whose research could lead to new treatments for several common diseases, has been awarded a research grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for nearly $2 million.

Dr. Smiley and members of his laboratory are working to develop treatments for a number of diseases where an abnormal activation of blood coagulation pathways causes damage to the body. The diseases include multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis, transplant rejection and sepsis, a leading cause of hospital deaths. In particular, Dr. Smiley's laboratory is studying fibrin, a blood-clotting protein that frequently accumulates at high levels in diseased tissues. These high levels of fibrin are thought to clog blood vessels and cause inflammation, thereby starving tissues of oxygen and increasing the severity of disease.

With prior funding from the NIH, Dr. Smiley's laboratory collaborated with Trudeau colleague Larry Johnson to demonstrate that, despite the risks it poses, fibrin also performs critical protective functions during immune responses.

The researchers showed that fibrin deposition is essential for survival during certain infections. Specifically, they found that fibrin staunches bleeding caused by protective immune cells as they rid the body of infected cells. In addition to protecting against this collateral damage caused by the immune system itself, Drs. Smiley and Johnson also discovered that fibrin suppresses the growth of some unhealthy bacteria.

These prior studies led the scientists to hypothesize that the human body needs to maintain a careful balance of proper fibrin levels during immune responses: "Some fibrin deposition is essential for good health, while too much can be dangerous and harmful," explained Dr. Smiley.

"I'm very pleased the NIH is continuing to support Dr. Smiley's research," said David L. Woodland, Ph.D., president and director of the Trudeau Institute. "Cutting-edge research of this caliber has the potential to lead to improved treatments for people afflicted with a number of debilitating diseases, in addition to those who suffer transplant rejections."

Dr. Smiley believes that prior attempts to treat patients suffering from sepsis by removing fibrin failed because those treatments most likely removed both unhealthy and healthy fibrin. With this infusion of research funds, Dr. Smiley's laboratory will now seek to identify what exactly tips the balance between healthy and unhealthy levels of fibrin. They recently discovered that cytokines, soluble signaling molecules within the immune system, play a primary role in regulating this balance. Now they are using a variety of models and methods to delineate precisely how cytokines regulate fibrin levels.

The NIH funds will support Dr. Smiley's research efforts over a four-year period.


'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Turner
brianturner@trudeauinstitute.org
518-891-3080
Trudeau Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Diverse genetic abnormalities lead to NF-κB activation in multiple myeloma
2. Nicotinic receptors may be important targets for treatment of multiple addictions
3. Emphasis on conifer forests places multiple species at risk
4. For honey bee queens, multiple mating makes a difference
5. Israeli scientists identify: Genes that affect responses of multiple sclerosis patients to copaxone
6. New magnetic separation technique might detect multiple pathogens at once
7. The power of multiples: Connecting wind farms can make a more reliable - and cheaper - power source
8. Multiple species of bacteria may cause trachoma: Implications for treatment
9. Multiple resource management is focus of new technical report
10. Potential new target for multiple sclerosis therapy
11. Fast AFM probes measure multiple properties of biomolecules or materials simultaneously
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Multiple disease-related research gets green light from the NIH
(Date:5/20/2016)... -- VoiceIt is excited to announce its new marketing ... working together, VoiceIt and VoicePass will offer an ... slightly different approaches to voice biometrics, collaboration between ... Both companies ... "This marketing and technology partnership allows VoiceIt ...
(Date:5/12/2016)... , May 12, 2016 WearablesResearch.com , ... published the overview results from the Q1 wave of ... recent wave was consumers, receptivity to a program where ... with a health insurance company. "We were ... share," says Michael LaColla , CEO of Troubadour ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... 3, 2016  Neurotechnology, a provider of high-precision ... Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) , a complete ... MegaMatcher ABIS can process multiple complex biometric transactions ... of fingerprint, face or iris biometrics. It leverages ... and MegaMatcher Accelerator , which have been ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Supplyframe, the Industry Network for electronics hardware ... . Located in Pasadena, Calif., the Design Lab’s mission is to bring together ... built and brought to market. , The Design Lab is Supplyframe’s physical representation ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... 2016 , ... In a new case report published today in STEM CELLS ... developed lymphedema after being treated for breast cancer benefitted from an injection of stem ... with this debilitating, frequent side effect of cancer treatment. , Lymphedema refers ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... NEWPORT BEACH, Calif. , June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... offering new biological discoveries to the medical community, has ... and co-founder Matthew Nunez . "We ... provide us with the capital we need to meet ... funding will essentially provide us the runway to complete ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... YORK , June 23, 2016 ... trading session at 4,833.32, down 0.22%; the Dow Jones Industrial ... S&P 500 closed at 2,085.45, down 0.17%. Stock-Callers.com has initiated ... INFI ), Nektar Therapeutics (NASDAQ: NKTR ), ... Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: BIND ). Learn more about ...
Breaking Biology Technology: