Navigation Links
More than just a kinase: CDK6 in cancer
Date:8/13/2013

Cancer in humans is frequently associated with unusually high amounts of one or more proteins responsible for controlling the rate at which cells divide. As an example, excessive amounts of the cyclin-dependent kinase CDK6 are often found in types of cancer such as lymphoma. Together with a number of collaborators within Vienna and beyond, Karoline Kollmann of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna (Vetmeduni) has now shown that CDK6 is part of a multiprotein complex that stimulates the production of one of the so-called INK4 family members (confusingly termed p16INK4a), which suppresses tumour growth. In other words, the cell has an inbuilt mechanism to help it cope with excessive amounts of CDK6.

The problems really start when p16INK4a is missing, as is frequently the case in lymphomas or leukaemias. Now the high levels of CDK6 are unchecked and so can lead directly to a stimulation of cell division. Furthermore, Kollmann and her colleagues showed that another CDK6-containing complex can also promote the production of an additional factor, known as VEGF-A, that increases the growth of blood vessels and thus ensures that the cells in the growing tumours are supplied with sufficient energy and oxygen to multiply. CDK6 is the first factor to be shown to be involved in regulating tumour growth while simultaneously helping to supply tumours with blood.

As its name implies, CDK6 is a kinase, i.e. it adds phosphate groups to other proteins and thereby alters their activity. In a further twist to the tail, the Vetmeduni scientists have shown that CDK6 can still exert its effects on p16INK4a and VEGF-A when it lacks its kinase activity: a mutant form of the CDK6 protein with the kinase function inactivated retains the ability to regulate expression of the p16INK4a and VEGF-A genes.

Veronika Sexl, Head of the Vetmeduni's Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, where the work was performed, notes the medical importance of her group's findings. "Because it is known to be involved in so many cancers, CDK6 represents a promising target for anti-cancer therapy and lots of labs are trying to design specific inhibitors. But their efforts are focused on inhibiting CDK6's kinase function. We have shown that CDK6 has an additional, kinase-independent mode of action that is responsible for the uncontrolled cell growth and increased production of blood vessels that are a hallmark of cancer. CDK6 inhibitors will also need to block this new function if they are to be effective in treating cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Susanna Kautschitsch
susanna.kautschitsch@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-125-077-1153
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Perception of fertility affects quality of life in young, female cancer survivors
2. New evidence that cancer cells change while moving throughout body
3. With early, obvious benefit of a targeted cancer drug, should expensive clinical testing continue?
4. Protein involved in nerve-cell migration implicated in spread of brain cancer
5. Breast cancer surgery linked to swollen arm syndrome
6. Cancer research implies future for personalized medicine, reduction in animal testing
7. Illinois scientists put cancer-fighting power back into frozen broccoli
8. Scientists learn how soy foods protect against colon cancer
9. Percentage of cancers linked to viruses potentially overestimated
10. Mechanism offers promising new approach for harnessing the immune system to fight cancer
11. HudsonAlpha and UAB researchers work to identify optimal treatments for ER+ breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/2/2016)... -- The Department of Transport Management (DOTM) of ... US Dollar project, for the , Supply and ... and IT Infrastructure , to Decatur ... of Identity Management Solutions. Numerous renowned international vendors participated in ... was selected for the most compliant and innovative solution. ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Perimeter Surveillance & ... Systems, Physical Infrastructure, Support & Other Service  ... offers comprehensive analysis of the global Border ... generate revenues of $17.98 billion in 2016. ... a leader in software and hardware technologies for advanced ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Ampronix facilitates superior patient care by providing unparalleled technology to leaders of the medical ... premium product recently added to the range of products distributed by Ampronix. ... ... ... Ampronix News ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... to bring innovative medical technologies, services and solutions to the healthcare market. The ... implementation of various distribution, manufacturing, sales and marketing strategies that are necessary to ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... , June 27, 2016  Liquid Biotech ... the funding of a Sponsored Research Agreement with ... tumor cells (CTCs) from cancer patients.  The funding ... CTC levels correlate with clinical outcomes in cancer ... data will then be employed to support the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016  Regular discussions on a range of ... between the two entities said Poloz. Speaking at ... Ottawa , he pointed to the country,s inflation target, ... government. "In certain ... institutions have common economic goals, why not sit down and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... While the majority of commercial spectrophotometers and fluorometers ... the 6000i models are higher end machines that use the more unconventional z-dimension of ... beam from the bottom of the cuvette holder. , FireflySci has developed several ...
Breaking Biology Technology: