Almost three quarters of disposed electrical household appliances in Spain are processed out of the Integrated Waste Management System (SIG). A study at the University of Salamanca exposes how many manufacturers are not registered in the established waste management system and avoid payment.
According to the European directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment, manufacturers of such products should recycle the waste they generate during their activity until reaching an annual level of 4 kg per inhabitant. However, in Spain the majority of unused equipment is managed under unauthorised systems. This is the case according to the revelations of the study by researchers at the University of Salamanca, which was published in the 'Journal of cleaner production'.
"It is estimated that only 1000 out of 10 000 manufacturers are registered in Spain. This implies a payment evasion of at least 15 million euros," as explained to SINC by Dolores Queiruga, current researcher in the Business and Economics Department of the University of La Rioja.
In 2010, Spaniards generated 652 million kilograms of this waste or, in other words, 13.86 kg per person. Out of this amount, just 2.55 kg were collected and processed correctly under the "integrated management systems" (SIG). SIG consists of a collective model that manufacturers can use to manage their waste as well as waste management on an individual level.
In Spain there are currently seven SIGs, which are a collection of foundations that bring together companies from the electronics sector: ECOLEC, ECOTIC, ECOLUM, AMBILAMP, ECO-RAEEs, ECOASIMELEC and ECOFIMATICA.
The study analyses the evolution and stages of development for the treatment of this type of waste, starting from the first drafts of the European directive regulating electronic waste management to the current situation.
As for large electrical appliances for example, it is estimated that more than 70
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology