Navigation Links
Molecular hub links obesity, heart disease to high blood pressure
Date:4/11/2013

Obesity, heart disease, and high blood pressure (hypertension) are all related, but understanding the molecular pathways that underlie cause and effect is complicated.

A new University of Iowa study identifies a protein within certain brain cells as a communications hub for controlling blood pressure, and suggests that abnormal activation of this protein may be a mechanism that links cardiovascular disease and obesity to elevated blood pressure.

"Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor," says Kamal Rahmouni, Ph.D., UI associate professor of pharmacology and internal medicine, and senior study author. "Our study identifies the protein called mTORC1 in the hypothalamus as a key player in the control of blood pressure. Targeting mTORC1 pathways may, therefore, be a promising strategy for the management of cardiovascular risk factors."

The hypothalamus is a small region of the brain that is responsible for maintaining normal function for numerous bodily processes, including blood pressure, body temperature, and glucose levels. Signaling of mTORC1 protein in the hypothalamus has previously been shown to affect food intake and body weight.

The new study, which was published April 2 in the journal Cell Metabolism, shows that the mTORC1 protein is activated by small molecules and hormones that are associated with obesity and cardiovascular disease, and this activation leads to dramatic increases in blood pressure.

Leucine is an amino acid that we get from food, which is known to activate mTORC1. The UI researchers showed that activating mTORC1 in rat brains with leucine increased activity in the nerves that connect the brain to the kidney, an important organ in blood pressure control. The increased nerve activity was accompanied by a rise in blood pressure. Conversely, blocking this mTORC1 activation significantly blunted leucine's blood pressure-raising effect.

This finding may have direct clinical relevance as elevated levels of leucine have been correlated with an increased risk of high blood pressure in patients with cardiovascular disease.

"Our new study suggests a mechanism by which leucine in the bloodstream might increase blood pressure," Rahmouni says.

Previous work has also suggested that mTORC1 is a signaling hub for leptin, a hormone produced by fat cells, which has been implicated in obesity-related hypertension.

Rahmouni and his colleagues showed that leptin activates mTORC1 in a specific part of the hypothalamus causing increased nerve activity and a rise in blood pressure. These effects are blocked by inhibiting activation of mTORC1.

"Our study shows that when this protein is either activated or inhibited in a very specific manner, it can cause dramatic changes in blood pressure," Rahmouni says. "Given the importance of this protein for the control of blood pressure, any abnormality in its activity might explain the hypertension associated with certain conditions like obesity and cardiovascular disease."

Rahmouni and his team hope that uncovering the details of the pathways linking mTORC1 activation and high blood pressure might lead to better treatments for high blood pressure in patients with cardiovascular disease and obesity.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Researchers uncover molecular pathway through which common yeast becomes fungal pathogen
2. Beyond the microscope: Identifying specific cancers using molecular analysis
3. 2012 Forecast for US Molecular Diagnostics Market Now Available From Global Information Inc.
4. 5th Annual Advances in Biomolecular Engineering Symposium
5. PNAS: Precise molecular surgery in the plant genome
6. Molecular spectroscopy tracks living mammalian cells in real time as they differentiate
7. Hitting snooze on the molecular clock: Rabies evolves slower in hibernating bats
8. The activity of a bacterial effector protein seen in molecular detail
9. How bacteria change movement direction in response to oxygen: Molecular interactions unravelled
10. MARC travel award announced for the 2012 GSA Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology Meeting
11. Highlighting molecular clues to the link between childhood maltreatment and later suicide
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/20/2016)... , Dec. 20, 2016 The rising ... rental and leasing is stoking significant interest in ... frequency technology, Bluetooth low energy (BLE), biometrics and ... the next wave of wireless technologies in the ... system to advanced access systems opens the market ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... Dec. 16, 2016   IdentyTechSolutions America LLC ... products and solutions and a cutting-edge manufacturer of ... it is offering seamless, integrated solutions that comprise ... products. The solutions provide IdentyTech,s customers with combined ... facilities from crime and theft. "We ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Canada and BADEN-BADEN, Germany , ... a leading global financial services provider, today announced an agreement ... passive behavioural biometrics, to join forces. The partnership will enable ... mitigation strategies in compliance with local data protection regulation. ... In order ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The two newest companies to join the University City Science ... out from The Wistar Institute, and Sanguis, launched by a trio of students from ... , Vironika is developing a treatment for a chronic viral infection and its associated ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Cancer ... Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022" report to their offering. ... Cancer Biomarkers ... $15,737 million by 2022 from $6,521 in 2015, growing at a ... technologies segment accounted for more than half of the revenue share ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , ... January 19, 2017 ... ... advanced software solutions for pharmaceutical research and development (R&D), today announced the ... omic data analysis and interpretation for the rapidly evolving field of precision ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... The American Medical Informatics Association ... Data Sharing Policy. Specifically, the nation’s leading informatics experts, said data sharing plans ... policy. AMIA recommended that NIH earmark funding for researchers to produce and execute ...
Breaking Biology Technology: