Navigation Links
Molecular forces are key to proper cell division
Date:1/21/2013

AMHERST, Mass. Studies led by cell biologist Thomas Maresca at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are revealing new details about a molecular surveillance system that helps detect and correct errors in cell division that can lead to cell death or human diseases. Findings are reported in the current issue of the Journal of Cell Biology.

The purpose of cell division is to evenly distribute the genome between two daughter cells. To achieve this, every chromosome must properly interact with a football-shaped structure called the spindle. However, interaction errors between the chromosomes and spindle during division are amazingly common, occurring in 86 to 90 percent of chromosomes, says Maresca, an expert in mitosis.

"This is not quite so surprising when you realize that every single one of the 46 chromosomes has to get into perfect position every time a cell divides," he notes. The key to flawless cell division is to correct dangerous interactions before the cell splits in two.

Working with fruit fly tissue culture cells, Maresca and graduate students Stuart Cane and Anna Ye have developed a way to watch and record images of the key players in cell division including microtubule filaments that form the mitotic spindle and sites called kinetochores that mediate chromosome-microtubule interactions. They also examined the contribution of a force generated by molecular engines called the polar ejection force (PEF), which is thought to help line up the chromosomes in the middle of the spindle for division. For the first time, they directly tested and quantified how PEF, in particular, influences tension at kinetochores and affects error correction in mitosis.

"We also now have a powerful new assay to get at how this tension regulates kinetochore-microtubule interactions," Maresca adds. "We knew forces and tension regulated this process, but we didn't understand exactly how. With the new technique, we can start to d
'/>"/>

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. La Jolla Institute identifies molecular switch enabling immune cells to better fight disease
2. Molecular 2-way radio directs nerve cell branching and connectivity
3. Scientists pinpoint molecular signals that make some women prone to miscarriage
4. Webcast alert: Molecular Medicine Institute to give new hope to pediatric patients
5. Discovery of molecular pathway of Alzheimers disease reveals new drug targets
6. Ah, that new car smell: NASA technology protects spacecraft from outgassed molecular contaminants
7. New Market Forecasts Available for Critical Global Biotechnology Testing and Screening Markets: Molecular Diagnostics, Hematology, Clinical Chemistry and Nucleic Acid Testing
8. Researchers describe new molecular interactions behind the inhibition of TGF beta-signaling
9. Molecular movies may accelerate anti-cancer drug discovery
10. Molecular and protein markers discovered for liver transplant failure from hepatitis C
11. Molecular economics: New computer models calculate systems-wide costs of gene expression
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Molecular forces are key to proper cell division
(Date:1/22/2015)... NXTD and NXTDW) a biometric authentication company focused on ... Wocket™ smart wallet at CES 2015 in Las Vegas ... the "11 Hot Products at CES" in a review published in Wired.com, ... Newseveryday.com and "The top 10 gadgets from CES 2015" by Danny ...
(Date:1/22/2015)...   EyeLock, Inc. , a market leader of iris-based identity ... to the new role of Senior Vice President of ... of mobile platforms and wearable solutions for EyeLock,s technologies. Gerber ... the semiconductor industry to his role at EyeLock, with expertise ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... Holiday Season may be the brightest ever for the ... long anticipated floodgates for consumer biometrics may finally be ... tablets, and wearable mobile devices that incorporate biometrics will ... nearly 4.8 billion biometric devices by 2020.   ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 3EyeLock Names Steve Gerber as Senior Vice President of Mobile and Wearables 2First Season of Holiday Shopping with Mobile Biometric Payments Wraps Up With a Present for Biometrics Industry: A Rosy Forecast for More Than 2 Billion Users of 4.8 Billion Mobile Biometric Devices by 2020 2
... in biomechanics and physiology from six universities, led ... of Technologys Media Lab, refute scientific claims that ... South African bilateral amputee track athlete, provide him ... Their conclusions were based on data collected at ...
... has long been a concern for environmental scientists and ... excessive reactive nitrogen in the environment is little-known beyond ... the element cycles through the environment and negatively alters ... Two new papers by leading environmental scientists bring ...
... NY) Contrary to long-held assumptions, high-salt diets ... to investigators from the Albert Einstein College of ... after examining dietary intake among a nationally representative ... researchers actually observed a significantly increased risk of ...
Cached Biology News:Breaking news: Study revives Olympic prospects for amputee sprinter 2Breaking news: Study revives Olympic prospects for amputee sprinter 3Addressing the 'nitrogen cascade' 2Addressing the 'nitrogen cascade' 3New study casts further doubt on risk of death from higher salt intake 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Crystal Diagnostics (CDx) Xpress System, ... has received AOAC-PTM Certifications for the six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing ... collectively referred to as STEC or the “Big-6”) as well ... unit (cfu) per 325 g of raw ground beef and ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Selexis SA, a serial ... Cell Banks (RCBs) used for drug discovery to commercial ... will include Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) data packages. ... biologic manufacturing by ensuring the integrity of the gene, ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015   GenoSpace , a precision ... tools to enable the broad use of genomic, imaging and ... the appointment of Michelle Munson , CEO of Aspera, ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Dec. 24, 2014  Vermillion, Inc. (Nasdaq:   VRML), ... announced today that the Company closed its previously ... Management, Jack W. Schuler , Birchview Fund ... $10.5 million, before offering expenses.  The proceeds will ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Crystal Diagnostics Awarded AOAC-PTM Accreditation for the Rapid Detection of “Big 6” E.coli Food Pathogens 2Selexis Generated Research Cell Banks Now Fully Sequenced Using Next-Generation Sequencing 2GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 3
... the leading,management consulting firm specializing in the pharmaceutical ... practice,will be taking a leadership role at the ... by the Center for Business Intelligence,(CBI). The conference ... Crown Plaza,Valley Forge in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. ...
... (Nasdaq:,CPHD) will present at the William Blair & ... at 10:40 a.m. ET at the New York ... Financial Officer and Dr.,David Persing, Cepheid,s Chief Medical ... The webcast, along with accompanying presentation slides, may ...
... The Netherlands and LONDON, September 26 ,Nobilon International ... business,unit of Akzo Nobel, and Protherics PLC, the ... today announced that Nobilon,has licensed Protherics, CoVaccine HT(TM) ... influenza vaccines in elderly people. More than ...
Cached Biology Technology:Campbell Alliance Managed Markets Practice to Take Leadership Role at CBI's Formulary and Reimbursement Conference 2Campbell Alliance Managed Markets Practice to Take Leadership Role at CBI's Formulary and Reimbursement Conference 3Cepheid to Present at William Blair Small-Cap Growth Stock Conference 2Protherics Licenses its CoVaccine HT Adjuvant to Nobilon for Influenza Vaccine Indications 2Protherics Licenses its CoVaccine HT Adjuvant to Nobilon for Influenza Vaccine Indications 3