Navigation Links
Model developed for manipulating vitamin D levels in calves
Date:5/25/2010

This press release is available in Spanish.

A new model for manipulating vitamin D levels in young calves has been developed by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists who say it could help establish just how much of this important nutrient the young animals need to promote optimal growth and health.

Newborn dairy calves get crucial vitamin D in the colostrum from their mothers as they nurse during the first few days after birth. Later, the neonatal calf often receives vitamin D in commercial milk replacers. But levels of vitamin D in these supplements may need to be reevaluated, given recent evidence suggesting vitamin D status influences not only bone growth, but also immune function.

ARS microbiologist Brian Nonnecke and others at the ARS National Animal Disease Center in Ames, Iowa, are examining the effects of vitamin D on the calf's immune systemespecially relevant given the animal's susceptibility to infectious respiratory and intestinal diseases during its first weeks of life.

Nonnecke and his colleagues Tim Reinhardt and Ray Waters used the neonatal dairy calf as a model for evaluating the vitamin D status of calves. In the study, vitamin D status was controlled by vitamin D injections given to calves fed a vitamin-D-free milk replacer. They injected half the calves with 8,600 international units (IU) of vitamin D, and the rest with 54,000 IU of the vitamin. Using this approach, they found that vitamin D levels in the bloodstream of the young calf could be controlled in a predictable fashion.

The researchers also found that this model could be adapted to examine effects of subclinical vitamin D deficiency on the immune system of the calf. This is important, given that 8 to 10 percent of neonatal dairy calves in the United States die during the first months of life, and more than 30 percent are diagnosed with some form of clinical disease.

New studies using this model might provide support for revision of the National Research Council's current vitamin D recommendation for calves. It has the potential to allow researchers to take the next step toward determining the effects of vitamin D on the calf's immune system.


'/>"/>

Contact: Chris Guy
Chris.Guy@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1654
United States Department of Agriculture-Research, Education, and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Genetics Society of America to host Model Organisms to Human Biology Meeting, June 12-15, 2010
2. Study paves way for new biofuels models, technologies
3. Species distribution models can exaggerate differences in environmental requirements
4. Modeling reef ecosystems focus of workshop
5. Model predicts shifts in carbon absorption by forest canopies
6. New mathematical model helps biologists understand how coral dies in warming waters
7. GENETICS 2010: Model Organisms to Human Biology Meeting
8. Stem cells used to model infant birth defect
9. Caltech and UCSD scientists establish leech as model for study of reproductive behavior
10. Model may offer better understanding of embryonic development
11. Cool model for a hot planet
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/14/2017)... -- IBM (NYSE: IBM ) is introducing several innovative partner ... developing collaboration between startups and global businesses, taking place in ... event, nine startups will showcase the solutions they have built ... France is one of ... 30 percent increase in the number of startups created between ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... April 24, 2017 Janice Kephart ... with  Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) , today ... without President Trump,s March 6, 2017 Executive ... , refugee vetting can be instilled with greater confidence, ... now, all refugee applications are suspended by until ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... According to a new market research report "Consumer IAM Market by Solution ... Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 Billion by 2022, at a ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... (PRWEB) September 21, 2017 , ... ... and technical congress to review the latest knowledge on these products, which are ... speakers will discuss the impact of Biostimulants on Plant Nutrition, Abiotic Stresses, Plant ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... , ... September 21, 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u welcomed the ... The organization, a worldwide society of professional women with high achievement in the ... its annual dinner. , Twelve members began with an olive oil tasting ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... Station, TX (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Services, LLC (IPS), a leading global provider of engineering, architecture, project controls, ... provider of prefabricated cleanrooms, today announced the unveiling of the iCON™ brand ...
(Date:9/20/2017)... ... September 20, 2017 , ... RoviSys, a leading independent provider ... opening of an office in Taipei, Taiwan. This new location allows RoviSys to ... new relationships in the region. Located in the Neihu area of Taipei, the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: