Navigation Links
Mitochondrial dysfunction and redox signaling in atrial tachyarrhythmia
Date:4/23/2008

Researchers at the University Hospital of Magdeburg (Germany) have discovered that atrial tachycardia is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress followed by the activation of the NF-kB signalling pathway with induction of NF-kB target gene expression in atrial tissue. Their study will appear in the May 08 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine. Multiple tachycardia-associated factors appear to contribute to this response, which all are directly or indirectly linked to oxidative stress. Accordingly, blockade of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor, inhibition of L-type calcium channels, inhibition of NADPH oxidase, applications of antioxidants, and inhibition of NF-B activation were all found to abolish or decrease the tachycardia-dependent changes in the atrial tissue.

The interdisciplinary research team, led by Uwe Lendeckel, a professor of Experimental Internal Medicine and Andreas Goette, Deputy Chief of Cardiology, designed the study to determine the influence of tachyarrhythmia on endocardial dysfunction (called endocardial remodelling) and to decipher the molecular mechanism(s) that translate pathologically increased heart rates into myocardial/endocardial dysfunction. Endocardial dysfunction appears as a well recognised risk factor for thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore, the underlying pathophysiology of endocardial remodelling is of clinical importance.

The facts that equal results were observed in ex vivo atrial tissue from patients with AF and in ex vivo rapidly paced tissue samples from patients with sinus rhythm (SR), together with the observation that verapamil most potently prevented oxidative stress and associated signalling pathway activation, led us to conclude that the elevated frequency per se and concomitant Ca2+-overload precede and induce mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in AF said Lendeckel. Goette added Our results have several clinic
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Uwe Lendeckel
uwe.lendeckel@med.ovgu.de
49-391-671-4454
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Zebrafish to shed light on human mitochondrial diseases
2. Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
3. Study uncovers clues to cystic fibrosis gene dysfunction and gastrointestinal disease
4. Chloroplast f and m Thioredoxins Discovered in Nonphotosynthetic Tissues
5. Science expands Science Signaling, featuring research related to medical advances, and more
6. Newly defined signaling pathway could mean better biofuel sources
7. Rong Li Lab reports protein interactions of MAP kinase signaling pathway
8. Study finds blocking angiogenesis signaling from inside cell may lead to serious health problems
9. Scientists find clue to mechanisms of gene signaling and regulation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/30/2014)... Salk professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, ... named recipients in the 2014 round of grants ... the BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) ... announced September 30, provides more than $3 million ... years. , The BRAIN Initiative, launched last year, ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... water may increase the risk of stillbirth and ... by a Boston University School of Public Health ... Environmental Health , compared 1,091 PCE-exposed pregnancies ... Cape Cod, Ma., where water was contaminated in ... the installation of vinyl-lined asbestos cement pipes. PCE ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... live in almost any aquatic environment on Earth, but ... species are pushed to the limit. The amount of ... critical for how different species cope in the future, ... of Gothenburg, published in the scientific journal Proceedings ... continues apace thanks to increasing levels of greenhouse gases ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Salk scientists receive $3 million for BRAIN Initiative grant 2Contaminated water linked to pregnancy complications, BU study finds 2Shape up quickly -- applies to fish, too! 2
... in ecological or environmental conservation remains contentious the ... demand that governments regulate and encourage restoration projects; ... corporations makes such interventions politically difficult. However, ... a handful of developing nations, alongside South Africa, ...
... , RIVERSIDE, Calif. Alan McHughen , a ... University of California, Riverside, has been chosen by the ... Sciences to receive a 2011-2012 Jefferson Science Fellowship ... selected for the fellowships this year. Successful ...
... is redefining the rules by which we live and at ... level, several areas of the globe are in danger of ... and maybe, one day, live in floating houses. Depending ... others in their adjustment to the effects of global warming, ...
Cached Biology News:UC Riverside plant biotechnologist receives prestigious Jefferson Science Fellowship 2UC Riverside plant biotechnologist receives prestigious Jefferson Science Fellowship 3Floating houses 2Floating houses 3
(Date:9/30/2014)... , September 30, 2014 ... intuitive browsing of chemistry in documents ... software solutions and consulting services for life science ... information and generate Markush structures from documents. ... organizations intellectual property, however generating and understanding Markush ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Sept. 30, 2014 FemCap Inc., www.femcap.com ... its receipt of a patent No: US, 8,795,248 B2 ... also received FDA clearance in the U.S., 510(K) K121857, ... in Europe. This patent is related to its menstrual cup ... the company is releasing FemmyCycle Teen, a third menstrual ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... SoundConnect, an award ... dedicated to supporting business communication solutions, including business ... a carrier services specialist has joined ... connected and productive at all times. This growth ... businesses to cloud communications services. On a ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Back in the 1970’s, many companies calculated their ... which included space for circulation and file storage. “It ... at Nidea Corporate Real Estate / ITRA Global , ... 2000, however, 250 square feet per employee became the ... to 175 to 225 square feet, and over the next ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ChemAxon Introduces ChemCurator for Chemical Information Extraction and Markush Structure Creation 2The FemmyCycle 2SoundConnect Expands Carrier Services Division 2ITRA Global Reports on How Companies Are Squeezing More Employees into Less Office Space 2ITRA Global Reports on How Companies Are Squeezing More Employees into Less Office Space 3
... , ... , , , Antibodies ... arrays) or as biopharmaceutical therapeutics. In,all cases the successful production ... criteria include: protein identification,quantitation and the monitoring of purity and ...
... , ... , , , ... of the Agilent 2100 bioanalyzer in combination,with the Protein 200 Plus ... denaturing gel-elctrophoresis (SDSPAGE).,The results showed that the Agilent 2100 bioanalyzer provides,fast ...
... , ... , , , , ... an siRNA sequence,for a target gene, which are of,high importance ... crucial.,An efficient method to optimize,transfection and gene silencing,is critical for ...
Cached Biology Technology:Quality control of antibodies using the,2100 bioanalyzer and the Protein 200,Plus assay 2Quality control of antibodies using the,2100 bioanalyzer and the Protein 200,Plus assay 3Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 2Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 3Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 4Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 5Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 6Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 7Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 8Comparison of different protein,quantitation methods 9Confirming gene silencing,mechanism by pGFP/GFP22 ,siRNA co-transfection 2Confirming gene silencing,mechanism by pGFP/GFP22 ,siRNA co-transfection 3Confirming gene silencing,mechanism by pGFP/GFP22 ,siRNA co-transfection 4