Navigation Links
Misuse of antibiotics not the only cause of resistance says report
Date:10/15/2009

The perception that antibiotic resistance is primarily the undesirable consequence of antibiotic abuse or misuse is a view that is simplistic and inaccurate, according to a recent report by the American Academy of Microbiology. The reasons behind the spread of resistance are much more complex, including appropriate antibiotic use, lack of proper sanitation and hygiene, and even the environment.

The report, "Antibiotic Resistance: An Ecological Perspective on an Old Problem," is based on a colloquium convened by the Academy in October 2008. It states that resistance development is founded in the inevitability of microbial evolution. There are no scapegoats, and responsibility is partly due to medical practice, including patient demand, industrial practices, politics, and antibiotics themselves.

"Antibiotic resistance is an international pandemic that compromises the treatment of all infectious diseases. At the present time, resistance essentially is uncontrollable. The reasons behind the establishment and spread of resistance are complex, mostly multi-factorial, and mostly unknown. The colloquium consensus was that efforts must target both the bacterial transmission and antimicrobial use," states colloquium co-chair, Jacques F. Acar, M.D. More research bridging medical, chemical, and environmental disciplines is needed now according to the Academy report.

Resistance is often portrayed as simply an undesirable consequence of antibiotic abuse or misuse, but the rate of antibiotic resistance emergence is related to all uses of drugs, not just misuse, and the total amount of antibiotics used and the environment also play roles. The main driving factor behind resistance may actually be a lack of adequate hygiene and sanitation, which enables rapid proliferation and spread of pathogens.

According to the report, it is possible to co-exist with resistance by developing new strategies to prevent resistance from spreading and, where it already exists, identify the strains we need to protect against, find new ways to treat resistance infections effectively in patients, and manage reservoirs of antibiotic strains in the environment. The report summarizes the current scientific understanding of antibiotic resistance, the scope of the problem, and methods at our disposal for detecting emergence and preventing spread. The knowledge gaps about the prevalence of resistant strains and resistant infections are highlighted as are the unique problems and challenges in developing countries. The continuation of antibiotic use for human and animal diseases is at stake unless worldwide efforts are taken. Research for new antibiotics under new paradigms must consider what the functions of these molecules are in nature, how resistant populations relate to them, and where and how to find them.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. ID Analytics Study Reveals Employees Criminal Misuse of Stolen Identities
2. The path to new antibiotics
3. Pinhead-size worms + robot = new antibiotics
4. Munich researchers discover new target for tailored antibiotics
5. Biological warfare in bacteria offers hope for new antibiotics
6. Antibiotics take toll on beneficial microbes in gut
7. Newly discovered reactions from an old drug may lead to new antibiotics
8. Genetic switch potential key to new class of antibiotics
9. Groundbreaking discovery may lead to stronger antibiotics
10. New way to make malaria medicine also first step in finding new antibiotics
11. Milk may help bacteria survive against low levels of antibiotics
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/28/2017)... PUNE, India , March 28, 2017 ... (Analog, IP, Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), ... Maintenance), Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach ... 15.4% between 2017 and 2022. The base year considered ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric Vehicle ... around 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 million ... estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on global as ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017   Neurotechnology ... object recognition technologies, today announced the release of ... (SDK), which provides improved facial recognition using up ... on a single computer. The new version uses ... improve accuracy, and it utilizes a Graphing Processing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... EMEA and North America this May on the following ... , Donald H. Taylor, Chairman of the Learning and Performance Institute will be ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... Healthcare, is pleased to announce the company is now a certified iMedNet eClinical ... iMedNet software certification enables the company’s clinical research team to build, customize and ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... It is well ... milieu; however, the broad application of this cellular target engagement concept to drug ... readouts. Cell-based thermal stabilization assays are valuable methods for particular applications, but they ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ANAHEIM, California, and BELLINGHAM, Washington, USA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... of photonics technologies for sensing, imaging, and related applications were the focus of ... Defense and Commercial Sensing 2017 in Anaheim. , Sponsored by SPIE, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: