Navigation Links
Minimally invasive heart surgery research wins NIH award
Date:9/6/2007

Efforts to make open-heart surgery a minimally invasive procedure have earned a five-year, $5 million National Institutes of Health Bioengineering Research Partnership award. Professor Pierre Dupont of Boston Universitys College of Engineering, cardiac surgeon Pedro del Nido, M.D., at Childrens Hospital Boston/Harvard Medical School, and microdevice manufacturer Microfabrica Inc. (Van Nuys, CA) will collaborate to develop instruments and procedures that promise to bring the precision of conventional open-heart surgery to minimally invasive instruments and tools, allowing complex surgical repairs to be made while the heart is still beating.

To perform repairs inside the heart, there are two approaches open heart surgery and catheter interventions, Dupont said. With catheters, you dont have to place the patient on a heart-lung machine or cut the chest and heart open. But in comparison with open heart surgery, what you can actually do with a catheter is limited. Were trying to incorporate the best of both approaches. We want to produce instruments that are as minimally invasive as catheters, but which provide the precision and control of open-heart surgery.

Under the grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the team is developing robotic instruments that could extend into the heart through needle-sized incisions in the chest and heart walls. Using a joystick controller and real-time medical imaging technology, a surgeon could navigate the robotic instrument through the chambers of the heart to the surgical site and deploy an array of tools from its tip to remove blockages, repair faulty valves and close leaks inside the beating heart.

The repair of complex heart defects through open heart surgery has become routine, in great part because of the availability of cardiopulmonary bypass, said del Nido. But we now know that putting patients on bypass carries some risks and can lead to problems, such as neuromotor defects in children and stroke in adults.

Dupont is developing the instruments and robotics technology needed to perform these tasks, while partnering with Microfabrica to develop a toolbox of millimeter-scale tools that can perform a variety of delicate repairs.

Using our EFAB manufacturing process, we can economically produce tiny, robust metal tools to remove and suture tissue. These tools can be quickly designed on a computer, then fabricated without the need for assembly, even when they include dozens of moving parts. And while the overall tool is measured in millimeters, it has features measured in microns, noted Microfabrica chief technology officer Adam Cohen.

According to Dupont, the biggest benefit may be the technologys potential to help all age groups: adults, children and even fetuses. Working with our clinical partners at Childrens Hospital Boston, were developing different instruments for each of these groups, he said. Fetal surgery is especially exciting since, in certain cases, repairing a heart defect before birth can greatly improve the chances for the heart to develop normally.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mike Seele
mseele@bu.edu
617-353-9766
Boston University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Minimally Invasive Cancer Treatments Highlighted
2. 3D ultrasound device poised to advance minimally invasive surgery
3. Reservoirs may accelerate the spread of invasive aquatic species, researchers say
4. Undesirable expatriates: Preventing the spread of invasive animals
5. Internet viruses help ecologists control invasive species
6. Invasive parasite destroying fish species
7. Carnegie Mellon develops non-invasive technique to detect transplant rejection at cellular level
8. Invasive species harms native hardwoods by killing soil fungus
9. CU, USDA team to curb two invasive, poisonous vines
10. Invasive exotic plants helped by natural enemies
11. Radiotherapy advance points way to noninvasive brain cancer treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/22/2016)... SuperCom (NASDAQ:   SPCB ... e-Government, Public Safety, HealthCare, and Finance sectors announced today that Leaders ... to implement and deploy a community-based supportive services program to reduce ... , further expanding its presence in the state. ... This new program, which is expected ...
(Date:12/16/2016)...   IdentyTechSolutions America LLC , a leading ... and a cutting-edge manufacturer of software and hardware ... seamless, integrated solutions that comprise IDT biometric readers ... provide IdentyTech,s customers with combined physical identification and ... and theft. "We are proud to ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec. 15, 2016   WaferGen Bio-systems, ... held genomics technology company, announced today that on December ... Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC which ... bid price of WaferGen,s common stock had been at ... WaferGen has regained compliance with Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)... 2017 Noom Inc. , the ... to offer fully Spanish behavior change programs that ... diabetes prevention and healthy weight management programs ... lifestyle interventions among Hispanic Americans who are at ... food database, program-specific curriculum content and program features ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... Jose, CA (PRWEB) , ... January 17, 2017 , ... ... cultivate a balanced, peaceful and healthy lifestyle, announced today the official launch of its ... and frees the mind. , In development for over a year, the ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... Ohio , Jan. 17, 2017  On January ... the 35th Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference in ... Joseph D. Kittle, Jr. , spoke to pharmaceutical leaders ... developed by ProclaRx to break down and destroy biofilms.  ... protect bacteria and prevent antibiotics and the body,s immune ...
(Date:1/14/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 14, 2017 , ... ... a new service providing complete end-to-end genome assemblies to researchers around the globe. ... eliminates a major obstacle in answering a wide range of scientific questions. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: