Navigation Links
Midget plant gets makeover
Date:6/22/2009

Palo Alto, CAA tiny plant with a long name (Arabidopsis thaliana) helps researchers from over 120 countries learn how to design new crops to help meet increasing demands for food, biofuels, industrial materials, and new medicines. The genes, proteins, and other traits of this fast-growing, tiny mustard plant reside in a vast database dubbed the Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR), which has over 1.6 million page hits each month. The TAIR group, headed by Dr. Eva Huala at Carnegie's Department of Plant Biology, just released a new version of the genome sequence of this model plant, which includes an array of improvements and novel features that promise to accelerate this critical research.

The new TAIR9 genome release contains detailed information on all 33,518 genes that make up this tiny plant (including 114 newly discovered genes and 168 new pseudogenes), the proteins produced by these genes, and extensive new experimental and computationally predicted gene-function information.

Huala highlighted the advances: "We now have a ranking system that provides a measure of our confidence that the structure of a specific gene is correct; we've overhauled information on pseudogenesthe evolutionary remnants that start out as copies of conventional protein-coding genes and sometimes take on interesting new functions; and we've made extensive updates to the genome sequence based on new sequence data submitted to TAIR."

In 2000, Arabidopsis was the first plant genome to be sequenced. Partly due to the vast experimental data on gene function, which TAIR has painstakingly extracted from the literature and associated to the genes, and because of an extensive set of molecular tools developed for this plant, the Arabidopsis genome is the most advanced plant genome in the world and is the most commonly used experimental plant today. Its small size and fast growth allow large-scale experiments on drought and salt tolerance, resistance to plant diseases, and other topics with a direct impact on economic and food quality issues to be carried out quickly and economically, and the results applied to important crop species.

"TAIR is a crucial resource for plant sciences, but its impact goes far beyond," remarked Dr. Wolf Frommer, director of Carnegie's Department of Plant Biology. "TAIR9, as the 'green' reference database, is crucial for understanding the function and engineering of algae as well as crop plants. It is the basis for all improvement of crop plants to meet the challenges of a growing population as well as climate change."


'/>"/>

Contact: Eva Huala
ehuala@ciw.edu
650-325-1521
Carnegie Institution
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Circadian clock controls plant growth hormone
2. Layered approach may yield stronger, more successful bone implants
3. Clearance of hepatitis C viral infection after liver transplantation
4. Device helps patients survive, regain function til transplant
5. How the plant immune system can drive the formation of new species
6. The American Society of Plant Biologists announces 2007 awards
7. UCR plant cell biologist to study how plant stem cells maintain and change their identity
8. A study proposes a new universal rule to explain the equilibrium of plant populations
9. A study proposes a new universal rule to explain the equilibrium of plant populations
10. Study shows vitamin C is essential for plant growth
11. Clever plants chat over their own network
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec 15, 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... offering. The report forecasts the global military biometrics market ... The report has been prepared based on an in-depth market ... and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes ...
(Date:12/12/2016)... 2016  Researchers at Trinity College, Dublin, are ... combining the material with Silly Putty. The mixture (known ... able to sense pulse, blood pressure, respiration, and ... The research team,s findings were published ... http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1257 ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... December 7, 2016 BioCatch , the global ... its patent portfolio, which grew to over 40 granted and pending patents. ... , , ... patent entitled " System, Device, and Method Estimating Force Applied ... device makers to forego costly hardware components needed to estimate the force ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... National Institutes of Health (NIH) to update its Data Sharing Policy. Specifically, the ... element of grant applications subject to the existing policy. AMIA recommended that NIH ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 The global ... USD 92.9 billion by 2025, according to a ... industry has been adaptive of the function of ... as 2002. Among the services outsourced, clinical trial ... instance, Johnson & Johnson was the first pharmaceutical ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Opal Kelly, a leading ... PCI Express, announced the ZEM5310 USB 3.0 FPGA Module, combining a SuperSpeed USB ... sized form factor suitable for prototyping, testing, and production-ready integration. The ZEM5310 USB ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017   Parent Project Muscular ... to end Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne) , today ... New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Talem Technologies ... of robotic technology to assist people living with ... NJIT,s technology – an embedded computer, software, a force ...
Breaking Biology Technology: