Navigation Links
Microplastics worse for crabs and other marine life than previously thought, study shows
Date:7/18/2014

The tiny plastic particles polluting our seas are not only orally ingested by marine creatures, but also enter their systems through their gills, according to a new study led by the University of Exeter.

Scientists also discovered that when microplastics are drawn in through this method they take over six times longer to leave the body compared with standard digestion.

Lead author Dr Andrew Watts of the University of Exeter said: "Many studies on microplastics only consider ingestion as a route of uptake into animals. The results we have just published stress other routes such as ventilation. We have shown this for crabs, but the same could apply for other crustaceans, molluscs and fish simply any animal which draws water into a gill-like structure to carry out gas exchange.

"This is highly important from an ecological point of view, as if these plastics are retained longer within the animal there is more chance of them being passed up the food chain."

The researchers used fluorescently labelled polystyrene microspheres to show how ingested microplastics were retained within the body tissues of the common shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Multiphoton imaging suggested that most microspheres were retained in the foregut after sticking to hair-like 'setae' structures within the crabs.

Plastic is part of our everyday lives and has grown in use substantially over the past seven decades from 1.7 million tonnes in 1950 to an estimated 288 million tonnes in 2013. Around 40 per cent of this is believed to come from packaging material, most of which is single use and therefore disposed of.

It has been suggested that 10 per cent of plastic which is thrown away ends up in the marine environment. At 2013 production levels this equates to 11 million tonnes of packaging ending up in the marine environment every year. This plastic is then degraded by wave action, heat or UV damage and is created into microplastic (particles smaller than 5mm).

Dr Watts added: "This is a human issue. We have put this plastic there, mostly accidently, but it is our problem to solve. The best way to do this is to reduce our dependency on plastic. It comes back to the old phrase: reduce, reuse and recycle."

The study, published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, was funded by CleanSeas, a multidisciplinary and collaborative research project addressing marine litter from different perspectives. It aims at providing Member States and other stakeholders with improved knowledge, methods and tools to be able to better define, monitor and achieve a marine environment free of harmful litter levels by 2020 (Good Environmental Status -GES- as required by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive -MSFD). In doing so, it will deliver a set of integrated results that will provide transparent and useful guidance to policy makers and stakeholders dealing with marine litter mitigation.


'/>"/>

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
e.f.gaskarth@exeter.ac.uk
44-078-273-09332
University of Exeter
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Microplastics make marine worms sick
2. Hormone-disrupting activity of fracking chemicals worse than initially found
3. Climate change may worsen summertime ozone pollution
4. Climate change threatens to worsen US ozone pollution
5. Low levels of oxgen, nitric oxide worsen sickle cell disease
6. Hypersensitivity to pain produced by early life stress is worsened by later stress exposure
7. Can Aβ worsen cognitive impairment following cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury?
8. Resveratrol, found in red wine, worsens MS-like symptoms and neuropathology in mice
9. Food contaminants worsen metabolic problems in obese mice
10. Unhealthy eating can make a bad mood worse
11. Gum disease found to worsen infection in animal model of AIDS
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Microplastics worse for crabs and other marine life than previously thought, study shows
(Date:4/15/2016)... , April 15, 2016 ... "Global Gait Biometrics Market 2016-2020,"  report to their ... ) , ,The global gait biometrics market ... 13.98% during the period 2016-2020. Gait ... which can be used to compute factors that ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, Inc. (OTC: ... and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce our successful ... a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures against ... collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured of ... DNA. Bill Bollander , CEO states, ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... --> --> Competitive Landscape ... Vehicles, Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems ... market and the continuing migration crisis in the ... has led visiongain to publish this unique report, which is ... & security companies in the border security market and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... WEDI, the nation’s leading authority on ... that Charles W. Stellar has been named by the WEDI Board of Directors as ... As an executive leader with more than 35 years of experience in healthcare, association ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016   MedyMatch Technology Ltd ... with artificial intelligence, real-time decision support tools in the emergency ... at the 2016 Israeli Advanced Technology Industries (IATI) BioMed Conference. ... Israel,s 15th National Life Sciences and Technology ... the David Intercontinental Hotel in Tel Aviv, Israel ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... PrecisionAg® ... Farming in 2017 and Beyond. The paper outlines the key trends that are ... industry. , “We’ve witnessed a lot of highs and lows as the precision ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... Springs, North Carolina (PRWEB) , ... May 23, ... ... process automation and building management solutions and services based in Aurora, Ohio, has ... decade of established business in the Research Triangle Park area, this new location ...
Breaking Biology Technology: