Navigation Links
Methane leaks from palm oil wastewater are a climate concern, CU-Boulder study says
Date:2/27/2014

In recent years, palm oil production has come under fire from environmentalists concerned about the deforestation of land in the tropics to make way for new palm plantations. Now there is a new reason to be concerned about palm oil's environmental impact, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.

An analysis published Feb. 26 in the journal Nature Climate Change shows that the wastewater produced during the processing of palm oil is a significant source of heat-trapping methane in the atmosphere. But the researchers also present a possible solution: capturing the methane and using it as a renewable energy source.

The methane bubbling up from a single palm oil wastewater lagoon during a year is roughly equivalent to the emissions from 22,000 passenger vehicles in the United States, the analysis found. This year, global methane emissions from palm oil wastewater are expected to equal 30 percent of all fossil fuel emissions from Indonesia, where widespread deforestation for palm oil production has endangered orangutans.

"This is a largely overlooked dimension of palm oil's environmental problems," said lead author Philip Taylor, a postdoctoral researcher at CU-Boulder's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR). "The industry has become a poster child for agriculture's downsides, but capturing wastewater methane leaks for energy would be a step in the right direction."

The global demand for palm oil has spiked in recent years as processed food manufacturers have sought an alternative to trans fats.

For now, the carbon footprint of cutting down forests to make way for palm plantations dwarfs the greenhouse gases coming from the wastewater lagoons. But while deforestation is expected to slow as the focus shifts to more intensive agriculture on existing plantations, the emissions from wastewater lagoons will continue unabated as long as palm oil is produced, the researchers said.

However, the climate impact of the leaking methane could be mitigated by capturing the gas and using it to fuel power plants. Biogas technology has been used successfully for decades and it can produce renewable electricity at a cost that's competitive with traditional fuels, the authors said.

The amount of methane biogas that went uncollected from palm oil wastewater lagoons last year alone could have met a quarter of Malaysia's electricity needs. Tapping into that unused fuel supply could yield both financial and environmental benefits, the authors said.

Capturing methane at wastewater lagoons could be encouraged by making it a requirement before palm oil products can be certified as sustainable, the authors said. Current sustainability certifications do not address wastewater emissions.

Taylor, whose research typically focuses on carbon cycling in old-growth tropical forests, was inspired to do the analysis by undergraduate researcher Hana Fancher, who also is a co-author of the journal article. Fancher and Taylor were doing research in Costa Rica, where palm oil production is spreading, when Fancher became curious about how the oil was being processed.

"She has a wastewater background," Taylor said. "She ended up doing an honors thesis on palm oil agriculture and wastewater emissions. This paper is an extension of that thinking."


'/>"/>

Contact: Philip Taylor
philipgrahamtaylor@gmail.com
303-905-7612
University of Colorado at Boulder
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Substance in photosynthesis was at work in ancient, methane-producing microbes
2. Berkeley Lab-led project aims to produce liquid transportation fuel from methane
3. Tailored methane measurement services are to be developed for shale gas extraction, municipal waste
4. Microbiologists reveal unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe
5. U.Va. researcher: Methane out, carbon dioxide in?
6. Study finds novel worm community affecting methane release in ocean
7. Tom Bowmans Climate Report delves into Arctic methane controversy
8. Methane emissions from natural gas local distribution focus of new study
9. NREL to help convert methane to liquid diesel
10. Scientists unravel the mystery of marine methane oxidation
11. Strange diet for methane consuming microorganisms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... 7, 2016 BioCatch , the global leader ... patent portfolio, which grew to over 40 granted and pending patents. ... , , ... entitled " System, Device, and Method Estimating Force Applied to ... makers to forego costly hardware components needed to estimate the force and ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Dec. 6, 2016 Valencell , the leading ... has seen a third consecutive year of triple digit ... in 2016 with a 360 percent increase in companies ... increase was driven by sales of its wrist and ... in its technology for hearables for fitness and healthcare ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 1, 2016   SoftServe , ... BioLock , an electrocardiogram (ECG) biosensor analysis ... a key IoT asset. The smart system ensures ... vehicle,s steering wheel and mobile devices to easily ... As vehicle technology advances, so too ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... journal has concluded that “in the setting of previously treated, advanced pancreatic cancer, ... in defining the optimal patient population and timing of blood sampling may improve ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... /PRNewswire/ - OncoQuest Inc. ("OncoQuest"), a biopharmaceutical company ... products for the treatment of cancer, today announced ... Development Program with Cytovance Biologics ( Oklahoma ... antibody product. Supported by recent positive interim clinical ... ovarian cancer patients, OncoQuest has engaged Cytovance to ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... -- Biocom, the association for the California ... 21 st Century Cures legislation in Congress. The bill ... vote and in the Senate on December 7 by a ... Panetta , president & CEO of Biocom: "Today, ... of patients around the world. The measure culminates three years ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 2016  Genprex, Inc. a biopharmaceutical company focused ... today announced that it has retained ICR Healthcare, ... communications and advisory firm, to develop and implement ... combine investor relations, public relations and digital communications ... of Genprex and its lead candidate Oncoprex, which ...
Breaking Biology Technology: