Navigation Links
Methane leaks from palm oil wastewater are a climate concern, CU-Boulder study says
Date:2/27/2014

In recent years, palm oil production has come under fire from environmentalists concerned about the deforestation of land in the tropics to make way for new palm plantations. Now there is a new reason to be concerned about palm oil's environmental impact, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.

An analysis published Feb. 26 in the journal Nature Climate Change shows that the wastewater produced during the processing of palm oil is a significant source of heat-trapping methane in the atmosphere. But the researchers also present a possible solution: capturing the methane and using it as a renewable energy source.

The methane bubbling up from a single palm oil wastewater lagoon during a year is roughly equivalent to the emissions from 22,000 passenger vehicles in the United States, the analysis found. This year, global methane emissions from palm oil wastewater are expected to equal 30 percent of all fossil fuel emissions from Indonesia, where widespread deforestation for palm oil production has endangered orangutans.

"This is a largely overlooked dimension of palm oil's environmental problems," said lead author Philip Taylor, a postdoctoral researcher at CU-Boulder's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR). "The industry has become a poster child for agriculture's downsides, but capturing wastewater methane leaks for energy would be a step in the right direction."

The global demand for palm oil has spiked in recent years as processed food manufacturers have sought an alternative to trans fats.

For now, the carbon footprint of cutting down forests to make way for palm plantations dwarfs the greenhouse gases coming from the wastewater lagoons. But while deforestation is expected to slow as the focus shifts to more intensive agriculture on existing plantations, the emissions from wastewater lagoons will continue unabated as long as palm oil is produced, the researchers said.

However, the climate impact of the leaking methane could be mitigated by capturing the gas and using it to fuel power plants. Biogas technology has been used successfully for decades and it can produce renewable electricity at a cost that's competitive with traditional fuels, the authors said.

The amount of methane biogas that went uncollected from palm oil wastewater lagoons last year alone could have met a quarter of Malaysia's electricity needs. Tapping into that unused fuel supply could yield both financial and environmental benefits, the authors said.

Capturing methane at wastewater lagoons could be encouraged by making it a requirement before palm oil products can be certified as sustainable, the authors said. Current sustainability certifications do not address wastewater emissions.

Taylor, whose research typically focuses on carbon cycling in old-growth tropical forests, was inspired to do the analysis by undergraduate researcher Hana Fancher, who also is a co-author of the journal article. Fancher and Taylor were doing research in Costa Rica, where palm oil production is spreading, when Fancher became curious about how the oil was being processed.

"She has a wastewater background," Taylor said. "She ended up doing an honors thesis on palm oil agriculture and wastewater emissions. This paper is an extension of that thinking."


'/>"/>

Contact: Philip Taylor
philipgrahamtaylor@gmail.com
303-905-7612
University of Colorado at Boulder
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Substance in photosynthesis was at work in ancient, methane-producing microbes
2. Berkeley Lab-led project aims to produce liquid transportation fuel from methane
3. Tailored methane measurement services are to be developed for shale gas extraction, municipal waste
4. Microbiologists reveal unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe
5. U.Va. researcher: Methane out, carbon dioxide in?
6. Study finds novel worm community affecting methane release in ocean
7. Tom Bowmans Climate Report delves into Arctic methane controversy
8. Methane emissions from natural gas local distribution focus of new study
9. NREL to help convert methane to liquid diesel
10. Scientists unravel the mystery of marine methane oxidation
11. Strange diet for methane consuming microorganisms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2017)... 2017 Former 9/11 Commission border counsel and ... Janice Kephart of Identity Strategy Partners, LLP, today ... "Executive Order: Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist ... "As President Trump,s ,Travel Ban, Executive Order gains ... banned the travel ban, it is important that our ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... 2017 About Voice Recognition Biometrics Voice recognition ... against a stored voiceprint template. Acoustic features of ... tone are compared to distinguish between individual voices. ... most PCs already have a microphone and can ... biometrics are most likely to be deployed in ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... 2017 The biometrics market has reached ... of organizations, desires to better authenticate or identify ... and challenge questions), biometrics is quickly working its ... market is driven by use cases, though there ... enterprise uses cases, with consumer-facing use cases encompassing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 22, ... ... Collaborative (TOPEC), the leading medical education provider of women’s health, primary ... by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME). ACCME’s Accreditation with ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... , ... LabRoots , the leading provider of educational and interactive virtual ... announce the launch of a new scholarship for young scientists seeking a degree in ... is open to all high school seniors, 17 years or older; as well as ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... DIEGO , Feb. 22, 2017 Aethlon ... the results of a study that validated the ability ... that are associated with increased mortality in immune-suppressed sepsis ... patients. The objective of the study ... of Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Herpes Simplex ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... PHOENIX and SAN DIEGO ... Technology Holdings (the "Company") (OTCQB:CELZ) announced today expansion ... universal donor stem cell product through establishment of ... initiated research activities at the San Diego BioLabs ... Companies, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, and Sanofi. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: