Navigation Links
Medicine wheel model for nutrition shows promise for control of type 2 diabetes
Date:9/9/2009

St. Louis, MO, September 9, 2009 American Indian populations experience significant nutrition-related health disparities compared to other racial and ethnic groups within the US. American Indian adults have the highest age-adjusted rates for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity of any racial or ethnic group. Age-adjusted rates of diabetes among Native people vary from 14% to 72%, which are 2.4 to more than 6 times the rate of the general US population. In a study published in the September 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, researchers from the South Dakota State University, Brookings, report that a culturally-sensitive educational program based on the Medicine Wheel Model for Nutrition shows promise in changing dietary patterns in an American Indian population and impacting glycemic control.

During a 6-month period from January 2005 through December 2005, participants from the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation were randomized to an education intervention or to a usual care control group. The education group received six nutrition lessons based on the Medicine Wheel Model for Nutrition, a diet patterned after the traditional consumption of macronutrients for Northern Plains Indians: protein (25% of energy), moderate in carbohydrate (45% to 50% of energy) and low in fat (25% to 30% of energy). The usual care group received the usual dietary education from their personal providers.

The education group experienced a significant weight loss and decrease in body mass index (BMI) from baseline to completion. The usual care group had no change in weight or BMI. There were no between group differences due to intervention in energy, carbohydrate, protein and fat intake and physical activity.

Writing in the article, Kendra K. Kattelmann, PhD, RD, Professor and Director, Didactic Program in Dietetics, Nutrition, Food Science and Hospitality Department, South Dakota State University, Brookings, states, "A diet patterned after the historical hunter-gatherer type diet, or even the early reservation diet (with the higher proportion of energy being supplied from protein), may provide better blood glucose control and lower the circulating insulin levels in Northern Plains Indians with type 2 diabetes. Tribal leaders are interested in preserving the history of their food patterns and embrace the development of educational tools depicting their historical consumption patterns. This trial is one of the first studies reported that attempts to measure the influence of the traditional Northern Plains Indians diet on control of type 2 diabetes."

In a commentary, Jamie Stang, PhD, MPH, RD, LN, Chair of the Public Health Nutrition Program at the University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, cites some of the dietary challenges faced by the American Indian population. "Limited access to grocery stores that offer low fat, low sugar or whole grain food products and a variety of fruits and vegetables is the most frequently cited barrier to healthy eatingThe loss of hunting and fishing rights, unavailability of traditional foods such as wild game, loss of traditional agriculture due to water scarcity and poor soil condition and loss of traditional ways of procuring and preparing foods have also been identified as reasons for poor food choices. Many urban American Indians live in neighborhoods that lack large, well-stocked grocery stores which limits their availability of healthful foodsEven the most culturally competent, evidence-based programs cannot improve eating behaviors among individuals or populations who live and work in an environment that does not support or provide healthy food choices."


'/>"/>

Contact: Lynelle Korte
jadamedia@elsevier.com
314-447-9227
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. New research seeks to enhance quality and security of wireless telemedicine
2. Penn Veterinary Medicine report new strategy to create genetically-modified animals
3. SNM applauds NAS study showing need to restore federal nuclear medicine research funding
4. Gene-targeting pioneer Mario Capecchi shares 2007 Nobel Prize in Medicine
5. Professor Sir Martin Evans wins Nobel Prize for Medicine
6. 3 Columbia University Medical Center faculty elected to Institute of Medicine
7. In the laboratory, green tea proves a powerful medicine against severe sepsis
8. Telemedicine: Health alert via satellite
9. Study of African traditional medicine will begin world-first clinical trial
10. CWRU School of Medicine has evidence vaccine against malaria will reduce disease
11. New clinical trial results show how personalized medicine will alter treatment of genetic disorders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Medicine wheel model for nutrition shows promise for control of type 2 diabetes
(Date:1/27/2016)... , Jan. 27, 2016  Rite Track, Inc. ... in West Chester, Ohio announced ... winning service staff, based in Austin, Texas ... and ability to provide modifications, installations and technical support ... , CEO of PLUS, commented, "PLUS has provided world ...
(Date:1/21/2016)... January 21, 2016 ... new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by ... Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and Others), Services, ... forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global ... reach USD 22.65 Billion by 2020, at a ...
(Date:1/15/2016)... JUAN, Puerto Rico , Jan. 15, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... companies big and small to find new ways to ... driven culture. iOS and Android ... device based on biometrics, transforming it into a hardware ... request that users swipe their fingerprint on their KodeKey ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... 9, 2016  Regenicin, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: ... the development and commercialization of regenerative cell therapies ... organs, recently reported the Company,s operating results for ... 2016. Lonza America , Inc. (the ... year in the process of consummating an agreement ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Tunnell Consulting, Inc. announced that Frédéric Lefebvre ... will focus on acquiring new accounts and work closely with existing Tunnell clients throughout ... brings to our European clients more than 15 years of experience in the pharmaceutical ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... 9, 2016  DNAtrix, a clinical stage, ... announced that its lead product, DNX-2401, has ... an orphan medicinal product for the treatment ... glioma, strikes approximately 25,000 people a year ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160208/330986LOGO --> http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160208/330986LOGO ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... BOSTON , Feb. 9, 2016 ... a data-driven, biological research approach, has announced the ... Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer. Haddock brings ... corporate finance, including 12 years in senior financial ... global experience in business organizational management. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: