Navigation Links
Mechanical stress can help or hinder wound healing depending on time of application
Date:10/24/2011

A new study demonstrates that mechanical forces affect the growth and remodeling of blood vessels during tissue regeneration and wound healing. The forces diminish or enhance the vascularization process and tissue regeneration depending on when they are applied during the healing process.

The study found that applying mechanical forces to an injury site immediately after healing began disrupted vascular growth into the site and prevented bone healing. However, applying mechanical forces later in the healing process enhanced functional bone regeneration. The study's findings could influence treatment of tissue injuries and recommendations for rehabilitation.

"Our finding that mechanical stresses caused by movement can disrupt the initial formation and growth of new blood vessels supports the advice doctors have been giving their patients for years to limit activity early in the healing process," Robert Guldberg, a professor in the George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. "However, our findings also suggest applying mechanical stresses to the wound later on can significantly improve healing through a process called adaptive remodeling."

The study was published last month in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health, the Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine and the U.S. Department of Defense.

Because blood vessel growth is required for the regeneration of many different tissues, including bone, Guldberg and former Georgia Tech graduate student Joel Boerckel used healing of a bone defect in rats for their study. Following removal of eight millimeters of femur bone, they treated the gap with a polymer scaffold seeded with a growth factor called recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), a potent inducer of bone regeneration. The scaffold was designed in collaboration with Nathaniel Huebsch and David Mooney from Harvard University.

In one group of animals, plates screwed onto the bones to maintain limb stability prevented mechanical forces from being applied to the affected bone. In another group, plates allowed compressive loads along the bone axis to be transferred, but prevented twisting and bending of the limbs. The researchers used contrast-enhanced micro-computed tomography imaging and histology to quantify new bone and blood vessel formation.

The experiments showed that exerting mechanical forces on the injury site immediately after healing began significantly inhibited vascular growth into the bone defect region. The volume of blood vessels and their connectivity were reduced by 66 and 91 percent, respectively, compared to the group for which no force was applied. The lack of vascular growth into the defect produced a 75 percent reduction in bone formation and failure to heal the defect.

But the study found that the same mechanical force that hindered repair early in the healing process became helpful later on.

When the injury site experienced no mechanical force until four weeks after the injury, blood vessels grew into the defect and vascular remodeling began. With delayed loading, the researchers observed a reduction in quantity and connectivity of blood vessels, but the average vessel thickness increased. In addition, bone formation improved by 20 percent compared to when no force was applied, and strong tissue biomaterial integration was evident.

"We found that having a very stable environment initially is very important because mechanical stresses applied early on disrupted very small vessels that were forming," said Guldberg, who is also the director of the Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience at Georgia Tech. "If you wait until those vessels have grown in and they're a little more mature, applying a mechanical stimulus then induces remodeling so that you end up with a more robust vascular network."

The study's results may help researchers optimize the mechanical properties of tissue regeneration scaffolds in the future.

"Our study shows that one might want to implant a material that is stiff at the very beginning to stabilize the injury site but becomes more compliant with time, to improve vascularization and tissue regeneration," added Guldberg.


'/>"/>
Contact: Abby Robinson
abby@innovate.gatech.edu
404-385-3364
Georgia Institute of Technology Research News
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Lockheed Martins HULCâ„¢ Robotic Exoskeleton Enters Biomechanical Testing at U.S. Army Natick Soldier Systems Center
2. Virginia Tech mechanical engineers win measurement science best paper award
3. Muscle filaments make mechanical strain visible
4. Air flows in mechanical device reveal secrets of speech pathology
5. Bioengineers provide adult stem cells with simultaneous chemical, electrical and mechanical cues
6. UCLA physicists control chemical reactions mechanically
7. Scientists identify molecules involved in touch and other mechanically activated systems
8. Mechanical regulation of cell substrates effects stem cell development, adhesion
9. Cellular mechanical forces may initiate angiogenesis
10. Scientists create artificial human skin with biomechanical properties using tissue engineering
11. Small mechanical forces have big impact on embryonic stem cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Mechanical stress can help or hinder wound healing depending on time of application
(Date:1/25/2017)... YORK , Jan. 25, 2017 The ... Access Management (IAM) lifecycle is comprised of a ... for the purpose of maintaining digital identities and ... resources and applications. There are significant number of ... from time to time by optimizing processes and ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Oregon and PUNE, India , January 19, 2017 ... Research, titled, "Global Biometric Sensor Market, Opportunities and Forecast, 2014 - 2022," ... growing at a CAGR of 9.6% from 2016 to 2022. In 2015, ... owing to high-level security for both public and private sectors. ... ...
(Date:1/12/2017)...  Trovagene, Inc. (NASDAQ: TROV ), a ... that it has signed agreements with seven strategic partners ... Middle East for commercialization of the ... wave of international distribution agreements for Trovagene,s CLIA based ... The initial partners will introduce Trovagene,s liquid biopsy ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/17/2017)... , February 17, 2017 ... "Biomarkers Market by Product (Consumables, Service), Type (Safety, ... (Diagnostics Development, Drug Discovery and Development, Disease-Risk) - ... market is projected to reach USD 53.34 Billion ... growing at a CAGR of 13.8% during the ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... ... February 16, 2017 , ... EIT Digital has launched ... the agricultural industry. Pilot studies are about to get under way for the framework, ... and 5G innovations. The concept is expected to be transferred eventually to other industries ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... 2017  ArmaGen, Inc., a privately held biotechnology ... severe neurological disorders, today reported preliminary evidence of ... company,s investigational therapy for the treatment of Hurler ... I, or MPS I). The initial results from ... today at the 13 th annual WORLD ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... DENVER , Feb. 16, 2017 UCHealth ... hospital to utilize LungDirect for pulmonary nodule patient management. ... a nodule, or a spot on the lung, UCHealth ... spent on manual data entry. Stephanie ... been tracking my nodule patients with an Excel spreadsheet, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: