Navigation Links
Massive dinosaur discovered in Antarctica sheds light on life, distribution of sauropodomorphs
Date:12/10/2007

CHICAGOA new genus and species of dinosaur from the Early Jurassic has been discovered in Antarctica. The massive plant-eating primitive sauropodomorph is called Glacialisaurus hammeri and lived about 190 million years ago.

The recently published description of the new dinosaur is based on partial foot, leg and ankle bones found on Mt. Kirkpatrick near the Beardmore Glacier in Antarctica at an elevation of more than 13,000 feet.

The fossils were painstakingly removed from the ice and rock using jackhammers, rock saws and chisels under extremely difficult conditions over the course of two field seasons, said Nathan Smith, a graduate student at The Field Museum. They are important because they help to establish that primitive sauropodomorph dinosaurs were more broadly distributed than previously thought, and that they coexisted with their cousins, the true sauropods.

The findings were published online Dec. 5 in the Acta Palaeontologica Poloncica (see http://www.app.pan.pl/). Diego Pol, a paleontologist at the Museo Paleontolgico Egidio Feruglio in Chubut, Argentina, is the other co-author of the research.

Sauropodomorph dinosaurs were the largest animals to ever walk the earth. They were long-necked herbivores and include Diplodocus and Apatosaurus. Their sister group is the theropods, which include Tyrannosaurus, Velociraptor, and modern birds.

Glacialisaurus hammeri was about 20-25 feet long and weighed about 4-6 tons . It was named after Dr. William Hammer, a professor at Augustana College who led the two field trips to Antarctica that uncovered the fossils. Glacialisaurus belongs to the sauropodomorph family Massopsondylidae, which may represent a secondary radiation of basal sauropodomorphs during the Early Jurassic.

Currently, the development and evolutionary relationships of the sauropodomorph dinosaurs are hotly debated by paleontologists. This discovery, however, helps to resolve some of this debate by establishing two things. First, it shows that sauropodomorphs were widely distributed in the Early Jurassicnot only in China, South Africa, South America and North America, but also in Antarctica.

This was probably due to the fact that major connections between the continents still existed at that time, and because climates were more equitable across latitudes than they are today, Smith said.

Second, the discovery of Glacialisaurus hammeri shows that primitive sauropodomorphs probably coexisted with true sauropods for an extended period of time. The recent discovery of a possible sauropod at roughly the same location in Antarctica lends additional evidence to the theory that the earliest sauropods coexisted with their basal sauropodomorph cousins, including Glacialisaurus hammeri, during the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic, Smith and Pol conclude in their research findings.


'/>"/>

Contact: Greg Borzo
gborzo@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7106
Field Museum
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Massive microRNA scan uncovers leads to treating muscle degeneration
2. Massive California fires consistent with climate change
3. Massive Canadian oilfield could be exploited using new UK system
4. Human embryonic stem cell -- derived bone tissue closes massive skull injury
5. New dinosaur species found in Montana
6. Emory paleontologist reports discovery of carnivorous dinosaur tracks in Australia
7. Dinosaur from Sahara ate like a mesozoic cow
8. New, more direct pathways from outside the cell-to-cell nuclei discovered
9. New continent and species discovered in Atlantic study
10. Ancient organisms discovered in Canadian gold mine
11. New golden frog discovered in remote region of Colombia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/25/2016)... SEATTLE , Jan. 25, 2016  Glencoe Software, ... biotech, pharma and publication industries, will provide the data ... Phenotypic Screening Centre (NPSC). ... Phenotypic analysis ... even whole organisms, allowing comparisons between states such as ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... 22, 2016 ... the "Global Biometrics Market in Retail ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ) has ... Biometrics Market in Retail Sector 2016-2020" ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ) ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... A market that just keeps on growing. Molecular Diagnostics ... genomics knowledge. Learn all about it in this new ... trends are pushing market growth and company valuations. Trends ... pathogen evolution - next generation sequencing - emergence of ... the role of genetic material in Disease and Health ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 Australian-US drug discovery and ... today the appointment of a new Chairman, Mr John ... , effective immediately. James Garner , has ... Director and former Acting CEO, Mr Iain Ross , ... Director. --> James Garner , has also been ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... Club, takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student center, Kehr Union, ... such as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning and collaborating opportunities. ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... N.J. , Feb. 4, 2016 ContraVir ... focused on the development and commercialization of targeted antiviral ... CEO & Investor Conference 2016, to be held February ... Source Capital Group,s 2016 Disruptive Growth & Healthcare Conference, ... on February 10-11, 2016. James Sapirstein , ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... Brooklyn, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... cuvettes for over 10 years. What sets them apart from other cuvette ... that is posted on their website. On top of this steady flow of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: