Navigation Links
Marine bacteria's mealtime dash is a swimming success
Date:3/10/2008

t Dana Hunt and Associate Professor Martin Polz all of MIT, and Assistant Professor Azadeh Samadani of Brandeis University.

The researchers were able to prove the behavior of P. haloplanktis by recreating a microcosm of the bacterias ocean environment using new technology called microfluidics. Microfluidics consists of patterns of minute channels engraved in a clear rubbery material and sealed with a glass slide. The researchers injected bacteria and nutrients into the microchannels at specific locations and, using video-microscopy, recorded the bacteria as they foraged on two simulated food sources: a lysing algal cell that creates a sudden explosion of dissolved nutrients, and the small nutrient plume trailing behind particles that sink in the ocean.

The question of whether the bacteria could or couldnt put their swimming skills to use in this race against time has generated considerable interest in the scientific community over the past decade, because theres a great deal riding on P. haloplanktis and their relatives ability to reach these nutrients and recycle them for other animals in the food web.

Scientists who study Earths carbon cycle know that accounting for all the organic matter in the marine food web is critical, including the matter that exists in these tiny, discrete nutrient patches bacteria feed on. In fact, the carbon in those patches is so important that some scientists believe marine bacterias capacity to utilize it will determine whether the oceans become a carbon sink or source during global warming.

Until 25 years ago, scientists werent really aware of the microbial loop, the processing of organic material among the smallest creatures in the ocean: bacteria, phytoplankton, nanozooplankton, viruses, etc. Now they know that the roughly 1 million bacteria per milliliter of ocean play a pivotal role in the microbial loop; by recycling that organic matter, they pass it on to larger animals and prevent it from
'/>"/>

Contact: Denise Brehm
brehm@mit.edu
617-253-8069
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. International team announces discovery of massive Jurassic marine reptile
2. Can Dungeness crab and eelgrass help improve management of our marine resources?
3. Genome of marine organism tells of humans unicellular ancestors
4. First map of threats to marine ecosystems shows all the worlds oceans are affected
5. Worlds largest marine protected area created in Pacific Ocean
6. 2008 Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation awarded to Dr. Marie-Joëlle Rochet from IFREMER
7. 2008 Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation awarded to Fan Meng; first Chinese fellow
8. 2008 Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation awarded to Dr. Ussif Rashid Sumaila
9. Dr. Andrew Constable awarded 2008 Pew Fellowship in marine conservation
10. 2008 Pew Fellowship in marine conservation awarded to UM Rosenstiels Dr. Andrew Baker
11. Pew Institute for Ocean Science awards 5 fellowships in support of global marine conservation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Marine bacteria's mealtime dash is a swimming success
(Date:8/21/2014)... American singles found that during sex with a ... On average, men experience orgasm 85.1 percent of ... difference. For women, however, orgasm occurrence is less ... of the time during sex with a familiar ... sexual orientation, with lesbian women experiencing orgasm more ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- LiveScan Service Provider  Binary ... a partnership with Gabriel Health Institute, one of ... Certified Nursing Assistant preparatory schools. The agreement ... member of Binary,s LiveScan service provider,s owner/operator team; ... its service capabilities by widening the service ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... window? It consists of radiations in the 3.3 to ... water in biological tissues. New theoretical findings show that ... water window. These could be the basis of an ... biological samples or to be used in high-precision spectroscopy. ... needed to efficiently generate the harmonic radiationswhich are multiples ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 2Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 3Orgasm rates for single women less predictable than men's, vary by sexual orientation 4LiveScan Provider Binary Biometrics Announces Partnership with Preeminent CNA School, Gabriel Health Institute to Expand Services in Orlando Region 2LiveScan Provider Binary Biometrics Announces Partnership with Preeminent CNA School, Gabriel Health Institute to Expand Services in Orlando Region 3Water window imaging opportunity 2
... dynamic world of the developing brain, neural stem cells give ... newborn neurons then migrate along the stem cell fibers up ... scientists have discovered a key mechanism of this migration ... developmental processes and diseases, including cancer. The finding, ...
... the much larger marsupial thylacine by being better built ... large prey, say Australian scientists. Despite being armed ... larger energy needs than the dingo, the thylacine was ... stronger head and neck anatomy allowed it to subdue ...
... BOSTON (Sept. 5, 2007) Steady increases in ... decades, as well as rates of Type 2 ... Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging ... explore the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and ...
Cached Biology News:Neural stem cell study reveals mechanism that may play role in cancer 2Neural stem cell study reveals mechanism that may play role in cancer 3Neural stem cell study reveals mechanism that may play role in cancer 4Tassie tiger no match for dingo 2Sugary drinks, not fruit juice, may be linked to insulin 2Sugary drinks, not fruit juice, may be linked to insulin 3
(Date:8/21/2014)... , Aug. 21, 2014  China Cord Blood Corporation (NYSE: ... plan to release financial results for the first quarter ... after market close in the US.  ... a.m. ET on Friday, August 29, 2014 to discuss ... the Company,s recent developments, followed by a question and ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... August 21, 2014 Gallus ... contract development and manufacturing organization (CMO) announced today ... Inc., an oncology company focused on the development ... to manufacture the anti-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ... candidate. Under the agreement the antibody will ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... patented university inventions licensed to biotechnology firms has ... To open these roadblocks, the researchers suggest that ... discovery stage could lead to faster commercialization down ... from discoveries made in university laboratories and licensed ... clinical trials, which have a high failure rate. ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... (PRWEB) August 20, 2014 High ... and apply the most complete climate and Earth ... demanding climate change issues. , Eight national laboratories, ... with the National Center for Atmospheric Research, four ... new effort. Other participating national laboratories include Argonne, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:China Cord Blood Corporation to Report First Quarter of Fiscal 2015 Financial Results 2Gallus Enters Agreement with Progenics Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for Manufacture of Anti-PSMA Monoclonal Antibody 2Gallus Enters Agreement with Progenics Pharmaceuticals, Inc. for Manufacture of Anti-PSMA Monoclonal Antibody 3Early bottlenecks in developing biopharmaceutical products delay commercialization 2Early bottlenecks in developing biopharmaceutical products delay commercialization 3New Project Is the ACME of Addressing Climate Change 2New Project Is the ACME of Addressing Climate Change 3
... Systems, Inc (OTC: OMCM.OB) today announced that it ranked ... of 500 of the fastest growing technology, media, telecommunications, ... Rankings are based on the percentage of fiscal year ... 445 percent during this period. OmniComm,s CEO, ...
... Beating the flu is already tough, but it has become even ... so that two antiviral drugs don,t slow it down anymore. ... Florida State and Brigham Young move closer to understanding why not, ... how it changes. The two drugs, amantadine and rimantadine, are ...
... and existing in the limbo between a solid and a ... efficiency of chemical catalysts that can create better nanoparticles or ... transitional state, a catalyst can achieve its utmost potential with ... to a pair of Duke University researchers. A catalyst is ...
Cached Biology Technology:OmniComm Ranks Number 220 on Deloitte's 2010 Technology Fast 500 for Fastest Growing Companies in North America 2OmniComm Ranks Number 220 on Deloitte's 2010 Technology Fast 500 for Fastest Growing Companies in North America 3Putting a bull's-eye on the flu: Detailing influenza's structure for drug targeting 2Smaller is better in the viscous zone 2