Navigation Links
Many pregnant women avoid HIV screening in Africa
Date:11/19/2009

'Prevention is the best cure' is a common expression, but what happens if preventative measures are not used? A large proportion of pregnant Ugandan women are going out of their way not to be HIV tested, increasing the risk of mother-to-child transmission.

A recent paper by Larsson et al. in AIDS journal discussed how mother-to-child transmission of HIV can be easily and cost-effectively prevented using a short course of antiretroviral therapy. However, this is effective only if the mother is willing to be screened for HIV.

Anne Buve, a member of Faculty of 1000 Medicine, discusses the recent and "worrying" findings of this study, which she describes as "quite sobering". There is currently an opt-out policy for HIV testing even though the HIV prevalence in Uganda is 6.4%.

One year after the implementation of the opt-out policy, fewer than 60% of pregnant women were tested for HIV in 2007 in the majority of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, the exception being Botswana where voluntary counseling and subsequent testing rates are higher.

Programmes of syphilis screening during pregnancy already faced the same problem in Uganda. However, the authors of the study suggest that women who attended an antenatal clinic that did not have HIV testing on site, did so in order to avoid HIV testing. If confirmed, this finding is worrying.

More studies that identify and tackle the problems that exist with HIV screening need to be carried out, especially in parts of the world that have a high prevalence of HIV. Dr Buve goes on to say, "there should be more studies like this one that look into why people do not have access to or refuse to accept interventions that could prevent HIV infection among their offspring".


'/>"/>

Contact: Steve Pogonowski
press@f1000.com
Faculty of 1000: Biology and Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Humans unknowing midwives for pregnant moose
2. Pregnant women at risk for unnecessary operations due to misdiagnosis of appendicitis
3. Pregnant patients lose out in breast cancer treatment; a new approach is needed
4. Extreme nausea and vomiting varies among pregnant women from different countries
5. Too much or too little weight gain poses risks to pregnant mothers, babies
6. Pregnant mice block out unwelcome admirers to protect their pups
7. Almost 7 million pregnant in sub-Saharan Africa infected with hookworms; at risk of anaemia
8. Pregnant women consuming flaxseed oil have high risk of premature birth
9. Eating eggs when pregnant affects breast cancer in offspring
10. Pregnant women with asthma can be more confident about some medicines
11. Statin warning for pregnant women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/23/2017)... robotic gym for the rehabilitation and functional motor sense evaluation of lower ... . The first 30 robots will be available from June in ... The technology was developed and patented at the IIT laboratories and has ... to a 10 million euro investment from entrepreneur Sergio Dompè. ... ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... 2017 RAM Group , Singaporean ... breakthrough in biometric authentication based on a ... to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are based ... by Ram Group and its partners. This sensor will ... chains and security. Ram Group is a next ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... 18, 2017  Socionext Inc., a global expert in SoC-based imaging ... server, the M820, which features the company,s hybrid codec technology. A ... Tera Probe, Inc., will be showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan ... at the Las Vegas Convention Center April ... Click here for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Cognition Corporation , a software company ... of its “From the Helm” Webinar Series. , The next two free ... design control exercises. Led by David Cronin, Cognition’s CEO, the half-hour public webinars ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 16, 2017 , ... CTNext ... Entrepreneur Innovation Awards (EIA), held at The LOFT at Chelsea Piers in Stamford. , ... ideas to a panel of judges for an opportunity to secure $10,000 awards to ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... ... June 15, 2017 , ... ... secured a Series B round of financing in the amount of $6 million. ... private investors participated in the round. , The Series B funding will enable ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... , ... June 15, 2017 , ... ... a promising new medical device startup. Dan Parsley, angelMD’s SVP of Corporate Development, ... members, and this angelMD syndicate is part of Saranas’ recently announced $4 million ...
Breaking Biology Technology: