Navigation Links
Male flower parts responsible for potent grapevine perfume: UBC research
Date:4/6/2009

University of British Columbia scientists have traced the fragrant scent of grapevine flowers to pollen grains stored in the anthers, contrary to common perception that petals alone produce perfume.

While studying grapes used to produce Cabernet Sauvignon from the Okanagan region of British Columbia, researchers from UBC's Wine Research Centre and Michael Smith Laboratories identified a gene that produces and regulates fragrance from the vines' tiny clusters of green blossoms.

"This was a surprise in fundamental plant biology," says Joerg Bohlmann, a Distinguished University Scholar and professor in the Michael Smith Laboratories who directed the study. "This discovery gives us strong clues to the origin and evolution of fragrant flowers."

Details of the study are published in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Online Early Edition.

Scientists believe plants have evolved to produce perfume in order to attract specific types of pollinators while fending off herbivores and pathogens.

"If you ask people where the perfume of a flower comes from, they'll likely say the female parts or the petals," says Bohlmann. While flowers such as roses and snapdragons rely on their petals to produce perfume and attract insects, few other species have been so closely studied.

"Cultivated grapevines are largely self-pollinated, so we believe the fragrance serves more as a defense mechanism to protect their male reproductive tissues from predatory insects," says Bohlmann, who adds that further studies on other flowering species may turn up similar mechanisms. "It may be more prevalent than we think."

The team also found that emission of perfume is light-dependent and is strongest at dawn, possibly to coincide with pollination and predation activities.


'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Lin
brian.lin@ubc.ca
604-822-2234
University of British Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Flowering plants speed post-surgery recovery
2. Extreme weather postpones the flowering time of plants
3. Wildflower declines in Thoreaus Concord woods are due to climate changes
4. Scent on demand: Hebrew University scientists enhance the scent of flowers
5. UT Knoxville professor finds unexpected key to flowering plants diversity
6. Californias wildflowers are disappearing, new book by UCR ecologist cautions
7. Silicons effect on sunflowers studied
8. A new idea for how anti-aging products delay ripening of fruit and wilting of flowers
9. Sunflower debate ends in Mexico, researchers say
10. Ancient sunflower fuels debate about agriculture in the Americas
11. Flowers fragrance diminished by air pollution, University of Virginia study indicates
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016 Worldcore is ... innovation for clients, comfort and unbeatable security, with ... --> Worldcore is the first EU-regulated ... comfort and unbeatable security, with a Voice Biometrics ... Worldcore is the first EU-regulated global payment ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... , Feb. 4, 2016 The ... apparently one of the most popular hubs of ... MetaHIT and other huge studies of human microbiota, ... past few years, the microbiome space has literally ... biomedical research. This report focuses on biomedical ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... February 3, 2016 --> ... research report "Automated Fingerprint Identification System Market by Component ... Application (Banking & Finance, Government, Healthcare, and Transportation) and ... the market is expected to be worth USD 8.49 ... between 2015 and 2020. The transformation and technology evolution ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Germany and GERMANTOWN, Maryland ... ; Frankfurt Prime Standard: QIA) today announced the introduction ... for gene expression profiling, expanding QIAGEN,s portfolio of Sample ... enable researchers to select from over 20,000 human genes ... interactions between genes, cellular phenotypes and disease processes. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... CRUZ, Calif. , Feb. 11, 2016  Dovetail ... applications to its beta program for a planned metagenomic ... will present the company,s metagenomic genome assembly method in ... Advances in Genome Biology & Technology conference in ... assembly of these highly complex datasets is difficult. Using ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... stem cell treatment clinic in Quito, Ecuador. The new facility will provide advanced ... to patients from around the world. , The new GSCG clinic is ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016 ASAE is introducing a hybrid membership ... (AMC) the option of joining or renewing through an ... by staff size, every employee in any size association ... reap all available member benefits.   John ... membership options will allow organizations of any size and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: