Navigation Links
Male Australian redback spiders employ courtship strategies to preserve their life
Date:10/22/2009

TORONTO, October 22, 2009 New research shows that male suitors of a female cannibalistic spider risk facing a premature death unless they perform an adequate courtship lasting a minimum of 100 minutes. Further, the research shows that "sneaker" males can slip by and mate successfully on the courtship efforts of the hard-working first suitor.

Scientists at the University of Toronto Scarborough have published a research paper titled "Female's courtship threshold allows intruding males to mate with reduced effort" in the prestigious journal, Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The study provides new findings on the mating habits of the poisonous Australian redback spider (Lactrodectus hasselti), a member of the black widow family where females are larger in size compared to males.

According to the research, if a male tries to mate without investing sufficient time and energy in courtship, the female spider will kill him and mate with his rival. However, weaker males, or those looking to expend little energy, have found a way to reap the rewards of the more committed suitor.

"The second 'sneaker' male slips by and mates successfully, essentially acting as a parasite on the effort of the first, hard-working male," explains Maydianne Andrade, associate professor and Canada Research Chair of the Integrative Behaviour and Neuroscience group at the University of Toronto Scarborough.

"One of the surprising outcomes from the study is that females are unable or unwilling to discriminate the sources of courtship," said Jeffrey Stoltz, PhD candidate in the department of biological sciences at U of T Scarborough and co-author of the study. "This has provided the opportunity for intruding males to exploit the reproductive efforts of rivals and thereby circumvent female choice."

Adds Andrade, "Female choice using thresholds have been predicted in theory, but this is one of a few quantitative demonstrations of such a decision rule in action and the first to show that males can use the female's decision rule to exploit the reproductive efforts of rivals."


'/>"/>

Contact: Eleni Kanavas
ekanavas@utsc.utoronto.ca
416-208-5103
University of Toronto
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Australian study sheds light on kidney repair and disease
2. Energy experts helping Australian households reduce carbon emissions
3. Australian filmmakers are stars of science film awards
4. Crafty Australian crayfish cheat
5. Australian frog species chooses not to put eggs in 1 basket
6. Oldest Australian crayfish fossils provide missing evolutionary link
7. Fertilizer research center an Australian first
8. Australian researchers develop treatment to treat obesity
9. Invasive Australian jellyfish sighted in Gulf of Mexico in summer 2007
10. Scary ancient spiders revealed in 3-D models, thanks to new imaging technique
11. New species of spiders discovered by UBC scientist in Papua New Guinea
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/9/2017)... SAN FRANCISCO and MOUNTAIN VIEW, ... Zipongo , "Eating Well Made Simple," and 23andMe ... to help guide better food choices.  Zipongo can now ... only their food preferences, health goals and biometrics, but ... to certain food choices. Zipongo,s personalized food ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... March 7, 2017   HireVue , the leading ... companies identify the best talent, faster, today announced the ... Officer (CSO) and Diana Kucer as Chief ... seasoned executive team poised to drive continued growth in ... a year of record bookings in 2017. ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... 2017 Summary This report provides all ... partnering interests and activities since 2010. ... Read the full report: ... 2010 report provides an in-depth insight into the partnering activity ... On demand company reports are prepared upon purchase to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The ... 10 categories with over 30 nominees and well as the first-year award for ... award and the event was hosted by CompanyWeek and Manufacturers Edge, among other ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... , ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... Webster Bank, today announced first round funding to three startups through the UConn ... financial support to new business startups affiliated with UConn. , The UConn Innovation ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... IN (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... The ... to 11 high school graduates from across the nation. The scholarships are created through ... AMA member dues. , Scholarship criteria are set by the AMA Scholarship Committee, which ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... Frederick Innovative Technology Center, Inc. (FITCI), a business incubator ... a $77,518 grant from the Rural Maryland Council (RMC) to support refurbishment of ... incubator. A non-profit corporation, FITCI is a public-private partnership of the governments of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: