Navigation Links
MIT works toward engineered blood vessels
Date:12/17/2007

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.-MIT scientists have found a way to induce cells to form parallel tube-like structures that could one day serve as tiny engineered blood vessels.

The researchers found that they can control the cells' development by growing them on a surface with nano-scale patterning. A paper on the work was posted this month in an online issue of Advanced Materials.

Engineered blood vessels could one day be transplanted into tissues such as the kidneys, liver, heart or any other organs that require large amounts of vascular tissue, which moves nutrients, gases and waste to and from cells.

"We are very excited about this work, said Robert Langer, MIT Institute Professor and an author of the paper. It provides a new way to create nano-based systems with what we hope will provide a novel way to someday engineer tissues in the human body.

The work focuses on vascular tissue, which includes capillaries, the tiniest blood vessels, and is an important part of the circulatory system. The team has created a surface that can serve as a template to grow capillary tubes aligned in a specific direction.

The researchers built their template using microfabrication machinery at Draper Laboratory in Cambridge. Normally such technology is used to build micro-scale devices, but the researchers adapted it to create nano-scale patterns on a silicone elastomer substrate. The surface is patterned with ridges and grooves that guide the cells' growth.

The cells can sense (the patterns), and they end up elongated in the direction of those grooves, said Christopher Bettinger, MIT graduate student in materials science and engineering and lead author of the paper.

The cells, known as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), not only elongate in the direction of the grooves, but also align themselves along the grooves. That results in a multicellular structure with defined edges, also called a band structure.

Once the band structures form, the researchers apply a commonly used gel that induces cells to form three-dimensional tubes. Unlike cells grown on a flat surface, which form a network of capillary tubes extending in random directions, cells grown on the nano-patterned surface form capillaries aligned in the direction chosen by the researchers.

The researchers believe the technique works best with EPCs because they are relatively immature cells. Earlier attempts with other types of cells, including mature epithelial cells, did not produce band structures.

Growing tissue on a patterned surface allows researchers a much greater degree of control over the results than the classic tissue engineering technique of mixing cell types with different growth factors and hoping that a useful type of tissue is produced, said Bettinger.

With this technique, we can take the guesswork out of it, he said.

The next step is to implant capillary tubes grown in the lab into tissues of living animals and try to integrate them into the tissues.


'/>"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Thomson
thomson@mit.edu
617-258-5402
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Rain forest protection works in Peru
2. MIT works toward safer gene therapy
3. IdentiPHI Re Launches SAFmodule Software to Secure Novell(R) Networks
4. IdentiPHI Re Launches SAFmodule Software to Secure Novell(R) Networks
5. Alternative food networks connect ethical producers and consumers and can lead to healthier eating
6. Workshops on biotechnology and water for science journalists
7. Bursts of waves drive immune system soldiers toward invaders
8. A step toward tissue-engineered heart structures for children
9. Research points towards early cancer detection
10. Researchers take first steps towards spinal cord reconstruction following injury
11. Fish farms drive wild salmon populations toward extinction
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/15/2017)...   ivWatch LLC , a medical device company focused on ... receipt of its ISO 13485 Certification, the global standard for medical ... Standardization (ISO®). ... Continuous Monitoring device for the early detection of IV infiltrations. ... "This is an important milestone for ivWatch, as ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym for the rehabilitation and functional ... in Genoa, Italy . The first 30 robots will ... USA . The technology was developed and patented at ... IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a 10 million euro investment from ... click: ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017 The global military ... is marked by the presence of several large global ... by five major players - 3M Cogent, NEC Corporation, ... for nearly 61% of the global military biometric market ... the global military biometrics market boast global presence, which ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... The Academy ... Colorado October 28 and 29, 2017, to promote AMA’s programs, member services, and ... in different hobbies, including but not limited to model aviation and other RC ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Dr. Greg Leyer, Chief Scientific ... on September 27th. His presentation is at 12:10pm in the Probiotics Resource Center, Mandalay ... at SupplySide West and discuss how probiotics have shown impressive data in areas outside ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... UK (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... a QuintilesIMS company, who enable the world’s most progressive pharma and biotech organizations ... clinical trials at top pharma and biotech events in Q4. , DrugDev will ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u welcomed the San ... The organization, a worldwide society of professional women with high achievement in the fields ... annual dinner. , Twelve members began with an olive oil tasting to ...
Breaking Biology Technology: