Navigation Links
MIT researchers use virus to improve solar-cell efficiency
Date:4/25/2011

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- Researchers at MIT have found a way to make significant improvements to the power-conversion efficiency of solar cells by enlisting the services of tiny viruses to perform detailed assembly work at the microscopic level.

In a solar cell, sunlight hits a light-harvesting material, causing it to release electrons that can be harnessed to produce an electric current. The new MIT research, published online this week in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, is based on findings that carbon nanotubes microscopic, hollow cylinders of pure carbon can enhance the efficiency of electron collection from a solar cell's surface.

Previous attempts to use the nanotubes, however, had been thwarted by two problems. First, the making of carbon nanotubes generally produces a mix of two types, some of which act as semiconductors (sometimes allowing an electric current to flow, sometimes not) or metals (which act like wires, allowing current to flow easily). The new research, for the first time, showed that the effects of these two types tend to be different, because the semiconducting nanotubes can enhance the performance of solar cells, but the metallic ones have the opposite effect. Second, nanotubes tend to clump together, which reduces their effectiveness.

And that's where viruses come to the rescue. Graduate students Xiangnan Dang and Hyunjung Yi working with Angela Belcher, the W. M. Keck Professor of Energy, and several other researchers found that a genetically engineered version of a virus called M13, which normally infects bacteria, can be used to control the arrangement of the nanotubes on a surface, keeping the tubes separate so they can't short out the circuits, and keeping the tubes apart so they don't clump.

The system the researchers tested used a type of solar cell known as dye-sensitized solar cells, a lightweight and inexpensive type where the active layer is composed of titanium dioxide, rather tha
'/>"/>

Contact: Caroline McCall
cmccall5@mit.edu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Beetle bling: Researchers discover optical secrets of metallic beetles
2. Wild hogs: Researchers examine impact of feral pigs in eastern N.C.
3. Researchers create functioning synapse using carbon nanotubes
4. Researchers find fat turns into soap in sewers, contributes to overflows
5. Researchers combine active proteins with material derived from fruit fly
6. MU researchers find missing link in plant defense against fungal disease
7. New biosensor microchip could speed up drug development, Stanford researchers say
8. Nottingham researchers help bridge the urban and rural divide in the UK and India
9. Researchers discover precisely how thalidomide causes birth defects
10. Researchers get a first look at the mechanics of membrane proteins
11. Jefferson researchers unlock key to personalized cancer medicine using tumor metabolism
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/1/2015)... , April 1, 2015   Medisafe ™, the ... users across iOS and Android ... integrating biofeedback into the platform to allow patients to ... For the first time, patients will be able to ... dose impacts important biometrics, such as glucose levels and ...
(Date:3/31/2015)... --  Guidepoint , a leading global research services firm, ... TRACKER, part of the Guidepoint TRACKER suite ... device and therapeutics markets. The Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER ... share, and adoption rates across three major modalities used ... The Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER will provide length ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... TORONTO , March 26, 2015 ... premier family, social, recreation and athletic club, today announced ... designed to allow freedom of movement for members and ... "Following a comprehensive process, we selected FST,s IMID ... sophistication and convenience for our members and staff, in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Medisafe Announces Launch of Biometric Integration, Enabling Patients to Stay Adherent to Their Meds and See Tangible Health Results 2Guidepoint Launches Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER 2Guidepoint Launches Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER 3Granite Club First Private Club in North America to Implement FST Biometrics Secure Access Solution, as Part of Multi-million Dollar Expansion 2
... hard to come by, a University of Central Florida and ... National Institutes of Health highly competitive grants for hemophilia research. ... is aimed at determining whether a green technique pioneered at ... The second grant worth $2 million for four years is ...
... The Newark College of Engineering (NCE) at NJIT has been ... one of 20 universities and colleges across the nation in ... programs. This selection is the culmination of a ... Associate Dean Lisa Axe. Currently, some 43 percent ...
... out of the lab for a test drive with ... new way to develop possible future scenarios. James ... Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) and now ... London, has paired the relatively new use of agent-based ...
Cached Biology News:Hemophilia research gets NIH boost to a tune of $5.5 million 2Hemophilia research gets NIH boost to a tune of $5.5 million 3NSF funds NJIT's participation in program to retain engineering students 2Engaging land-use stakeholders is model behavior 2
(Date:4/24/2015)... 2015 PAREXEL International Corporation (NASDAQ: PRXL ... that Partnerships in Clinical Trials named PAREXEL,s Drew ... Innovator of the Year.  The honor recognizes Mr. Garty,s ... Perceptive MyTrials ® Data-Driven Monitoring solution. ... 2015 Partnership Awards in Boston , ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... April 23, 2015 /CNW/ - A new and innovative ... from North America,s largest ... won Silver in the "Sustainability, service" category of ... Brandcheck "Competitor Comparison" is a service that scores ... and Global peers. This benchmarking process shows clients ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... San Jose, California (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... – Predictive diagnostics refer to a series of ... such as cystic fibrosis, Lou Gehrig's disease, Huntington's ... beneficial in examining the gene composition and interaction ... of the disease as well as the response ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... Irvine, CA (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... research leader in Personalized Medicine, is excited to ... Medication Response profile . This profile assesses 62 ... and provide dosing information for commonly prescribed non-opioid ... gabapentin (brand name Neurontin), alprazolam (brand name Xanax) ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 2PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 3PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 4PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 5Increasing Disease Prevalence & Focus on Preventive Healthcare Drive the Predictive Diagnostics Market, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 2Increasing Disease Prevalence & Focus on Preventive Healthcare Drive the Predictive Diagnostics Market, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 3Proove Biosciences Launches World’s First Test to Predict Responders to Commonly Prescribed Non-Opioid Pain Medications 2Proove Biosciences Launches World’s First Test to Predict Responders to Commonly Prescribed Non-Opioid Pain Medications 3
... Palatin Technologies,Inc. (Amex: PTN ) will announce ... 9, 2007 before the open of the U.S. financial,markets. ... live audio webcast,hosted by Palatin,s executive management team on ... of operations in greater detail and provide,an update on ...
... 5 Exelixis,Inc. (Nasdaq: EXEL ) today ... 30, 2007. Revenues for the quarter ended ... million for the comparable period in 2006. The ... due to revenue recognition,associated with new collaboration agreements ...
... patients in over 30 states on ... options since 1997, DEERFIELD, Ill., Nov. 5 ... Kidney Patient,Educator (KPE) program, an ambitious project that has ... treatment options to,nearly 80,000 kidney disease patients in over ...
Cached Biology Technology:Palatin Technologies to Report Fiscal Year 2008 First Quarter Results; Teleconference and Webcast on November 9, 2007 2Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 2Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 3Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 4Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 5Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 6Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 7Exelixis Announces Third Quarter 2007 Financial Results and Business Update 8Baxter Kidney Patient Education Program Celebrates Tenth Anniversary 2Baxter Kidney Patient Education Program Celebrates Tenth Anniversary 3Baxter Kidney Patient Education Program Celebrates Tenth Anniversary 4
Mouse Limitin MAb (Clone 183727)...
sterile filtered, off the clot, all male donors, Total Protein: 4.5 to 8.5 g/dl...
One-step, colorimetric, linear detection range 0.7 mg/dL to 300 mg/dL. Procedure: 10 min....
Human alpha-1-antitrypsin. No cross-reactivity with alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, serum albumin or other serum proteins....
Biology Products: