Navigation Links
MDC researchers prevent virus induced myocarditis
Date:4/2/2009

Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia can be a consequence of myocarditis an inflammation of the cardiac muscle that can be caused by the Coxsackievirus. In mice, Dr. Yu Shi, Chen Chen, and Professor Michael Gotthardt of the Max Delbrck Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) Berlin-Buch, Germany, have now abolished the infection by blocking the receptor which is required for virus entry. "We did not detect a single cardiomyocyte that was infected by the virus. Inflammation of the heart muscle associated with this virus infection did not develop," Dr. Shi said. (Journal of American College of Cardiology, 2009; 53:1219-1226, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.10.064).*

The receptor used by the Coxsackievirus to infect the heart is the Coxsackie-adenovirus-receptor (CAR). It can be found in the cell membrane of myocardial fibers. Ulrike Lisewski, Dr. Shi, Michael Radke, and Prof. Gotthardt discovered only recently that CAR is necessary for a regular heart beat.

In their current study, the researchers could demonstrate that genetically engineered mice without CAR were protected from cardiac infection caused by the Coxsackievirus. Moreover, the mice did not show any evidence of inflammatory cardiomyopathy. That is why Professor Gotthardt assumes contrary to previous hypotheses that the direct effects of the virus infection, and not the autoimmune response, primarily determine the disease process.

This distinction is important in order to develop effective methods for future therapies of viral myocarditis. One therapeutic option could be to use CAR as a drug target and to block this receptor with a pharmacological agent.

"However," Dr. Shi explained, "complete blockage of CAR in mice leads to cardiac arrhythmia." Ultimately, the researchers aim to block the receptor transiently, so that only the virus entry is affected without a permanent effect on the heart beat.


'/>"/>

Contact: Barbara Bachtler
bachtler@mdc-berlin.de
49-309-406-3896
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Researchers examine bacterial rice diseases, search for genetic solutions
2. UC Davis researchers identify a protein that may help breast cancer spread, beat cancer drugs
3. Researchers discover link between schizophrenia and diabetes
4. Cancer Genomics Browser gives cancer researchers a powerful new tool
5. Mayo Clinic researchers discover and manipulate molecular interplay that moves cancer cells
6. Two Hutchinson Center researchers named HHMI Early Career Scientists
7. Tiny but toxic: MBL researchers discover a mechanism of neurodegeneration in Alzheimers disease
8. Researchers develop flow sensors based on hair structures of blind cavefish
9. To fight drug addiction, UB researchers target the brain with nanoparticles
10. Diabetics on high-fiber diets might need extra calcium, report UT Southwestern researchers
11. Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/16/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO , June 16, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Market size is expected to reach USD ... report by Grand View Research, Inc. Technological proliferation ... and banking applications are expected to drive the ... ) , The development of ...
(Date:6/3/2016)... , June 3, 2016 ... Management) von Nepal ... und Lieferung hochsicherer geprägter Kennzeichen, einschließlich Personalisierung, ... führend in der Produktion und Implementierung von ... der Ausschreibung im Januar teilgenommen, aber Decatur ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... superior patient care by providing unparalleled technology to leaders of the medical imaging industry. ... recently added to the range of products distributed by Ampronix. Photo - ... ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016   EpiBiome , ... secured $1 million in debt financing from Silicon Valley ... up automation and to advance its drug development efforts, ... new facility. "SVB has been an incredible ... the services a traditional bank would provide," said Dr. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... ... In a new case report published today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine, ... after being treated for breast cancer benefitted from an injection of stem cells derived ... debilitating, frequent side effect of cancer treatment. , Lymphedema refers to the ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Andrew ... http://doi.org/10.17925/OHR.2016.12.01.22 Published recently in ... journal from touchONCOLOGY, Andrew D Zelenetz , ... cancer care is placing an increasing burden on ... biologic therapies. With the patents on many biologics ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... quality, regulatory and technical consulting, provides a free webinar on Performing ... July 13, 2016 at 12pm CT at no charge. , Incomplete investigations are ...
Breaking Biology Technology: